2. reduced sodium excretion-->salt/water retention-->increased plasma volume and cardiac output
define secondary hypertension
hypertension caused by other diseases. the hypertension is under control when the disease is controlled.
define the response-to-injury hypothesis
a hypothesis explaining atherogenesis as initiating with some injury to the endothelial cells lining the artery walls, which causes endothelial dysfunction and leads to abnormal cellular interactions and initiation and progression of atherogenesis.