ADD and ADHD

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Author:
Kristin
ID:
46161
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ADD and ADHD
Updated:
2010-12-12 14:40:58
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Drug Cards
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Drug Cards
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  1. What are some symptoms of inattention?
    Ignores details, makes careless mistakes; difficulty sustaining attention or listening when directly addressed, difficulty following instructions or finishing tasks; appears forgetful, disorganized, distracted
  2. What does ADHD stand for? ADD?
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder; Attention Deficit Disorder
  3. True/False: Attention Deficit Disorders are self regulatory disorders
    True
  4. What is the "hallmark" of ADD?
    An automatic, unwilled "tuning out", a frustrating non-presence of mind; trying to concentrate but can't
  5. True or False: When diagnosing ADD or ADHD patients only have to demonstrate consistent, persistent symptoms in one setting?
    False, has to demonstrate it in more than one setting such as: school, work, home, and extra-curricular activities
  6. Regarding pathophysiology of ADHD: patients have trouble?
    Maintaining self control, resisting distractions, and concentrating on ideas
  7. ADHD can involve the dysfunction in the roles of what NT's?
    Dopamine and Norepinephrine
  8. What are the three categories of ADHD?
    Predominately Hyperactive-Impulsive type, predominately inattentive type, and combined type
  9. Explain some of the characteristics of predominately hyperactive
    Fidgeting, talking excessively, running around at inappropriate times and frequently disrupt class. Child will blurt out answers in class, take actions without thinking, or make rash decisions
  10. What are some of the characteristics of predominately inattentive?
    Child observed not paying attention, making careless mistakes, not listening, not finishing tasks, and not following directions; appears as if child is unusually or easily distracted
  11. What are the characteristic of combined type?
    Applies when child shows six or more symptoms of hyper-activity-impulsivity and six or more symptoms of inattentive type ADHD
  12. True/False: ADHD involves impaired Brain Areas
    True, more specifically low working memory
  13. In ADHD, what can hyperactivity evolve into?
    Uncontrolled arousal, feeling overwhelmed, and talking excessively
  14. In ADHD, what can inattentiveness evolve into?
    Unwilled tuning-out, the inability to focus on mundane tasks
  15. In ADHD, what can impulsiveness evolve into?
    Irritability, quick anger, inadequate censorship of rude or insulting thoughts, poor timing in interactions
  16. What book contains useful diagnostic criteria for ADHD?
    DSM-IV-TR
  17. What is used to determined an ADHD diagnosis?
    Symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity; exhibiting symptoms before the age of 7; symptoms persist for greater than 6 months; it adversely affects function social situations, school or work; symptoms cannot be better explained by another mental disorder (autism, etc)
  18. What are some of the positive aspects of having ADD/ADHD?
    Creativity, enthusiasm spontaneity, liveliness, flexibility, hyperfocus, high energy, tenacity, drive, intelligence
  19. What are some of the desired outcomes when treating ADHD?
    To improve behavior and increase attention; improve relationships; decrease disruptive behavior; improve academic performance; increase independence in activities; minimize undesirable adverse effects of therapy
  20. What are some stimulant medications used to treat ADHD?
    Methylphenidate, Dexmethylphenidate, Amphetamine Salts, Dextroamphetamine
  21. What are some non-stimulant medication used to treat ADHD?
    Atomoxetine, TCA antidepressants, Clonidine, Guanfacine, Bupropion
  22. True/False: ADHD medications can increase growth rate.
    False; they can cause possible suppression of growth; growth rate should be monitored during treatment
  23. What is the drug class, schedule, and generic for Ritalin SR & LA?
    CNS stimulant, CII, Methylphenidate
  24. What are some of the adverse effects and patient education associated with Ritalin?
    Adverse: nervousness, headache, insomnia, anorexia, nausea, dizziness; Education: take last dose early in the evening to avoid insomnia
  25. What are some of the indications for the use of Ritalin?
    Treatment of attention defecit disorders in children atleast 6 years of age; also used to treat narcolepsy in adults
  26. What is the drug class, schedule, and generic for Concerta?
    CNS stimulant, CII, Methylphenidate extended release
  27. What are the indications for Concerta?
    Attention deficit disorders in children greater than 6 years of age and narcolepsy
  28. What are some adverse effects and patient education for Concerta?
    Adverse: nervousness, headache, insomnia, anorexia, nausea, dizziness; Education: take last dose early in the evening to avoid insomnia
  29. What is the drug class, schedule, and generic for Dexedrine/Dextrostat?
    CNS stimulant, CII, Dextroamphetamine
  30. What are the indications for Dexedrine/Dextrostat?
    Narcolepsy, ADHD
  31. What are some adverse effects and patient indication for Dexedrine/Dextrostat?
    Adverse: aggression, nausea, tremor, fatigue, decreased appetite, dizziness; Education: take last dose early in the evening to avoid insomnia, should only be used in children over 3 years of age for ADHD
  32. What is the drug class, schedule, and generic for Adderall XR?
    CNS stimulant; CII; Amphetamine and Dextroamphetamine Salts
  33. What are the indications for Adderall XR?
    Narcolepsy, ADHD
  34. What are some of the adverse effects and patient education associated with Adderall XR?
    Adverse: dizziness, insomnia, restlessness, headache; Education: take as directed, can be opened and sprinkled on applesauce
  35. What is the drug class and generic for Strattera?
    Norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (not a controlled substance); Atomexatine
  36. What are the indications for Strattera?
    Treatment of ADHD (dose based on weight)
  37. What are the adverse effects and patient education associated with Strattera?
    Adverse: Dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, decreased appetite, dizziness; Education: may impair cognitive and motor performance

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