Acceptance of Health Dependency
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What are the purposes of medication
- Preventitive or prophylactic
Proventitive or prophylactic
- Used to prevent the occurrence of a disease or lessen the severity.
- Like vaccines.
- aid in deciding the cause of a client's sysptoms.
- Dye that goes in the IV to view organs.
Purpose of medication
to cure a illness, like an antibiotic
meds given to treat symptoms but does not cure, like morphine
A med that help support the organ ability to function
meds that ass to your body, like vitamins
to stop RNA and DNA of cells
meds that restore what the body already make, like insulin, synthroid
- Drug allergies
- Use of caffeine, alcohol or nicotine
- Drug dependence
Increase metabolic rate
decrease absorbtion of meds
What is the purpose of the drug legislation
to protect the public
Assesment of clinical signs
- Vital signs
- Color of skin
- How does the patient feel
- Prescribed route is contraindicated
How are drugs listed
- Generic name
- Chemical source
- Physiological effects
- Primary source
What are the legal responsibilities of a nurse
- Negligence-causing harm to patients
- Malpratice- only use with people with licencse to lose.
- Student nurse liability
- Carrying out the MD orders, written, phone, or verbal
any chemical that affects the processes of a living organism
- proprietary name
- Registered trademark
the drugs chemical composition and molecular structure
- Name given by the U.S.
- the study of what the drug does to the body
- the machanics of drug actions in living tissues
the use of drugs and the clinical indicati0ns for drugs to prevent and treat disease
the rate at which the drug leaves its site of administration and the extent to which absorption occurs
Factors that affect absorption
- Food or fluids with the drug
- Status of the absorptive surface
- Rate of blood flow to the small intestine
- Acidity in the stomach
- Status of GI mobility
Discribe the different routes
First pass effect
the metabolism of a drug and its passage from the liver into circulation
routes that bypass the live
- sub q
The main organ that metabolism drugs is
Other things that metabolize meds
- Intestinal mucosa
Factors that decrease metabolism
- cardivascular dysfunction
- renal insufficiency
What are the types of excretion sites
What is half life
the time it takes for half of the original amount of the drug to be removed from the body
the time it take for the drug to elicit a theraputic response
the time it takes for a drug to reach its maximum theraputic response
the time a drug concentration is sufficient to elicit a theraputic response
- Additive effect
- Synergistic effect
- Antagonist effect
not predictable, only happen to one or two people
systemic, difficulty breathing
All drugs are potenntially toxic if
they are cumulative in the system.
unintentional adverse effects that are treatment induced.
Whic route has the greatest risk of toxicity
What would you like to do?
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