a large-scale musical work for solo voices, chorus, and orchestra based on a biblical story and performed in a church or hall without scenery, costumes, or acting.
a three part A-B-A' form and the composer usually did not write out the third part, since it duplicated the first.
da capo aria
a work for one or more solo vocalists with instrumental accompaniment (chorus was later added to the genre).
a recurring hymn tune
a concerto for solo instrument and an accompanying instrumental group
based on the opposition between a small group of instruments, the concertino, and a larger group, the tutti, or ripeno.
small group of instruments
large group of instruments
ripieno (the tutti)
refrain that returns again and again (representing the general mood of spring) in alternation with the episodes, which often feature the solo violin.
German, in quadruple meter at a moderate tempo
French, triple meter at a moderate tempo
Spanish, a stately dance in triple meter
minuet and hornpipe
English, in a lively 6/8 or 6/4
had plucked strings and its tone could not be sustained
a contrapuntal composition in which a single theme pervades the entire fabric, entering in one voice and then another.
main theme of the fugue stated alone at the beginning in one of the voices
imitated in another voice while the first often continues with a countertheme
the first section of the fugue
longer time values, often twice as slow as the original
shorter time values that are faster than the original
pitches started backwards
pitches turned upside down, moving by the same intervals but in the opposite direction
a movement that establishes a home key, then moves to another key, and ultimately returns to the home key.
opening section of sonata form
conflict and action and the essence of drama in sonata form
the restatement is the psychological climax of sonata form
an extension of the closing idea that leads us to the final cadence in the home key in sonata form
the theme is clearly stated at the outset and serves as the point of departure in this form
theme and variations form
solo player embellishes a popular tone with a series of decorative flourishes.
the chords that accompany a melody are replaces by others, perhaps shifting from major to minor mode
note lengths, meter, or tempo can be changed
form based on the recurrence of a musical idea in alternation with contrasting episodes
two violins, a viola and a cello
one of the principal instrumental genres of the classical era set in the standard four movement structure
how many movements does the classical concerto have?
a fanciful solo passage in the manner of an improvisation that, toward the end, interrupts the movement
piano solo of for two instruments, an important genre for amateurs in the home, as well as for composers performing their own music at concerts
"serious" or tragic Italian opera, a highly formalized genre inherited from the Baroque consisting mainly of recitatives and arias specifically designed to display the virtuosity of star singers to the aristocracy
genre of Handel, Water Music, Suite in D major
Who wrote the chorale tune Bach, Cantata No. 80 A Might Fortress Is Our God is based on?
What is Bach, Cantata No. 80 A Might Fortress Is Our God's genre?
Mozart, Eine kleine Nachtmusik genre? & form of the 1st movement?
idk and sanata form
Haydn, Symphony No. 94 (Surprise) form of the 2nd movement?
theme and variation
Beethoven, Piano Sonata in C# minor (Moonlight) form of the 1st movement?