Arch ch 7 cont.

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Anonymous
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46371
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Arch ch 7 cont.
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2010-10-31 23:00:11
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Exam 2
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  1. a time when the sun crosses the plane of the equator, making night and day the same length all over the earth, occuring about march 21 and september 22
    equinox
  2. a dull-colored, subtranslucent rock resembling flint that was often use for making flaked stone tools
    chert
  3. a common heavy mineral that is the principal ore of iron
    hematite
  4. a fine-grained rock with a dull, dark bluish-gray color that tends to split along parallel cleavage planes, often producing thin plates or sheets
    slate
  5. a high quality flint, often highly colored, often used as a raw material for the manufacture of stone tools, beads, and other ornaments
    jasper
  6. of or related to the practice of working or cutting precious or semiprecious stones, usually for ornamental use
    lapidary
  7. a circular ornament, flat or convex on one side and concave on the other, usually worn over the chest
    gorget
  8. a complex network involving the exchange of goods and info hat connected distinct local populations in the midwestern US from 100 BC to AD 400
    Hopewell Interaction Sphere
  9. a colored or transparent mineral silicate that readily separates into very thin sheets
    mica
  10. a representation or image of a person or animal
    effigy
  11. a wind instrument consisting of bound sets of short pipes in graduated lengths
    panpipe
  12. an implement shaped like a chisel or an axe; may be made of stone or metal
    celt
  13. a spearthrower, or wooden shaft, used to propel a spear or dart
    atlatl
  14. the exchange of goods between known participants, involving simple barter and face to face exchanges
    reciprocity
  15. the accumulation and dispersal of goods through a centralized agency, individual, or institution
    redistribution
  16. a fence of posts or stakes erected around a settlement for defensive purposes
    paliside
  17. a circular feature demarcated by large upright timbers, probably used by prehistoric groups as astronomical observatories
    woodhenge
  18. the time of year when the sun is at its greatest distance from the equator, occurring about june 21 and december 22
    solstice
  19. a collection of artifacts, often buried or associated with constructed features, that has been deliberately stored for future use
    cache
  20. a network of interaction, exchange, and shared info present over much of southeastern US from AD 1200 til early 1500's; also previously referred to as the Southern Cult
    Southeastern Ceremonial Complex
  21. a recurring thematic design element in an art style
    motif
  22. a house in which the bodies of the dead are placed
    charnel house
  23. the study of artistic representations or icons that usually have religious or ceremonial significance
    iconography
  24. a hut or other space heated by steam that is created by pouring water over hot stones
    sweat bath
  25. the stone basin, often trough-spaced, or lower part of a stone-milling assembly for grinding maize or other foods
    metate
  26. the handheld part of a stone-milling assembly for grinding maize or other foods
    mano
  27. a building technique that uses a framework of poles, intersperced with smaller poles and twigs; the wooden frame is plastered with mud or a mud mixture
    wattle and daub
  28. a mud mixture used to make sun-dried bricks for buildings in arid areas
    adobe
  29. a method of farming that recovers flood water and diverts it to selected fields to supplement the water supplyq
    floodwater farming
  30. a semisubterranean ceremonial room found at sites throughout the american southwest
    kiva
  31. a stone-masonry complex of adjoining rooms found in the american southwest
    pueblo
  32. the study of the annual growth rings of trees as a dating technique to build chronologies
    dendrochronology
  33. a compact, black coal that can be highly polished; used to make beads, jewelry, and other decorative objects
    jet
  34. any of several varieties of parrots from mexico and central and south america that were prized for their colorful feathers
    macaw
  35. a strap that is passed over the forehead or the chest to facilitate the transportation of a heavy load carried on the back
    tumpline
  36. a drawing that has been carved into rock
    petroglyph
  37. a large feast among northwest coast native americans that included the display and dispersal of accumulated wealth to the assembled guests
    potlatch
  38. evaluating other groups or societies by standards that are relevant to the observer's culture
    ethnocentrism

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