Which of the following is a way in which political parties can encourage popular sovereignty and political equality?
-they can make officeholders more accountable when things go wrong
all of the above
In a purely proportional representation system, which type of parties would stand to gain?
very small parties
Which countries come closest to having a pure proportional representation (PR) system?
israel and netherlands
T/F In a perfect proportional representation system, a
party winning 60 percent of the vote would get 51 percent of the seats,
and the parties that combined to 40 percent of the vote would get 49
percent of the seats.
T/F The United States comes closer to having a "pure" two-party system than any other nation in the world.
The "second party system" was a struggle for power between
Democrats and Whigs
When did the Republicans and Democrats first find themselves roughly balanced in national politics?
The Party System of 1896 resulted in
36 years of Republican dominance
Which of these groups was NOT part of the New Deal coalition?
the 6th party system was one of
T/F Minor parties have played a less important role in the United States than in virtually any other democratic nation.
How do winner-take-all, single-member district election structures discourage minor party efforts?
Failure to win a plurality leaves a minor party with no representation at all.
Where are third or minor parties most successful in the United States?
all state/local levels
How can the structure of the Republican and the Democratic parties be described?
as a loose collection of local and state parties, campaign committees, candidates, and officeholders
Which type of political parties most resembles advocacy groups?
single issue parties
Single-issue parties are barely indistinguishable from what?
Which of the following statements best describes the organizational structure of American political parties?
Each level of the party is relatively independent
and acts in concert with others, not on the basis of orders, but on the
basis of common interests, such as the desire to win elections.
What is the state of national party committees?
active and well financed
Why aren't ideological contests in America like those in Europe?
most Americans share same fundamental beliefs
The belief that the federal government should play a substantial role in economic regulation and social welfare is known as
One major way that the Democratic and Republican parties differ is
in how they are perceived by the people
T/F The national party conventions are the governing bodies of American political parties.
T/F Congressional campaign committees help identify quality candidates in competitive districts and states.
disadvantage of a divded 2 party government system is