Anthro Vocab

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Anthro Vocab
2010-11-01 21:10:04

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  1. Homo
    The genus of bipeds that appeared 2.5 million years ago, characterized by increased brain size compared to earlier bipeds. The genus is divided into various species based on features such as brain size, skull shape, and cultural capabilities.
  2. Homo Habilis
    "Handy man" The first fossil members of the genus Homo appearing 2.5 million years ago, with larger brains and smaller faces than australopithecines.
  3. Lower Paleolithic
    The first part of the Old Stone Age beginning with the earliest Oldowan tools spanning from about 200,000 or 250,000 million years ago.
  4. Oldowan tool tradition
    The first stone tool industry, beginning between 2.5 and 2.6 million years ago.
  5. Gender
    The cultural elaborations and meaning assigned to the biological differentiation between the sexes.
  6. Tertiary scavenger
    In a food chain, the third animal group to obtain meat from a kill made by a predator.
  7. Marrow
    The tissue inside of long bones where blood cells are produced.
  8. Acheulean tradition
    The tool-making tradition of Homo Erectus in Africa, Europe, and southwestern Asia in which hand-axes were developed from the earlier Oldowan chopper.
  9. Hypoglossal canal
    The opening in the skull that accommodates the tongue-controlling hypoglossal nerve.
  10. Levalloisian technique
    Tool-making technique by which three or four long triangular flakes were detached from a specially prepared core.
  11. Neandertals
    A distinct group within the genus Homo inhabiting Europe and southwestern Asia from approximately 30,000 to 125,000 years ago.
  12. Middle paleolithic
    The middle part of the Old Stone Age characterized by the development of the Mousterian tradition of tool making and the earlier Levallosian traditions.
  13. Mousterian tradition
    The tool industry of the Neandertals and their contemporaries of Europe, southwestern Asia, and northern Africa from 40,000 to 125,000 years ago.
  14. Upper paleolithic
    The last part of the Old Stone Age, featuring tool industries characterized by long slim blades and an explosion of creative symbolic forms. (10,000 to 40,000 years ago)
  15. Cro-Magnon
    A European of the Upper Paleolithic after about 36,000 years ago.
  16. Multiregional hypothesis
    the hypothesis that modern humans originated through a process of simultaneous local transition from Homo erectus to homo sapiens throughout the inhabited world.
  17. recent african origins or "eve" hypothesis
    the hypothesis that all modern people are derived from one single population of archaic homo sapiens from africa who migrated out of africa after 100,000 years ago, replacing all other archaic forms due to their superior cultural capabilities; also called the out of africa hypothesis.
  18. blade technique
    a technique of stone tool manufacture in which long, parallel-sided flakes are struck off the edges of a specially prepared core.
  19. pressure flaking
    a technique of stone tool manufacture in which a bone, antler, or wooden tool is used to press, rather than strike off, small flakes from a piece of flint or similar stone.
  20. burin
    a stone tool with chisel-like edges used for working bone and antler.
  21. entoptic phenomena
    bright pulsating forms that are generated by the central nervous system and seen in states of trance.
  22. sahul
    the greater australian landmass including australia, new guinea, and tasmania. at times of maximum glaciation and low sea levels, these areas were continuous.
  23. sunda
    the combined landmass of the contemporary islands of java, sumatra, borneo, and bali that was continuous with mainland southeast asia at times of low sea levels corresponding to a maximum glaciation.
  24. paleoindians
    the earliest inhabitants of north america
  25. cognitive capacity
    a broad concept including intelligence, educability, concept formation, self-awareness, self-evaluation, attention span, sensitivity in discrimination, and creative.