Identify and discuss the key assumptions of the Age of Enlightenment.
The origins of sociological thinking can be traced to the scientific revolution in the late 17th and mid-18th centuries and the Age of Enlightenment. In France, the Enlightenment was dominated by the philosophers, including Montesquieu, Rousseau, and Turgot. They believed human society could be improved through scientific discoveries. If people were free from the ignorance of the past, they could create new forms of political and economic organization, which would produce wealth and destroy the aristocracy. The Enlightenment produced an intellectual revolution in how people thought about social change, progress, and critical thinking. The philosophers wrote about equal opportunity. Their writings about equal opportunity stirred political and economic revolutions in America and France. In the 18th and 19th century, the Industrial Revolution occurred. The technology shifted from agriculture to manufacturing.