faith p. 67

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betsiie11
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faith p. 67
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2010-12-13 16:49:03
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p 67
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  1. material success and social prestige, one of four goals in life
    artha
  2. one who renounces physical pleasures and worldly attachments for the sake of spiritual advancement; common in Hinduism and many other religious traditions, most notably Jainism
    ascetic
  3. The eternal Self, which the Upanishads identify with brahman; the eternal self or soul of tan individual that is reincarnated from one body to the next
    Atman
  4. an incarnation, or living embodiment, of a deity, usually of Vishnu, who is sent to earth to accomplish a divine purpose; Krishna and Rama are Vishnu's
    Avatar
  5. A short section of the epic poem Mahabharata in which the god Krishna teaches the great warrior Arjuna about bhakti marga and other ways to God; Hinduism's most popular sacred text
    Bhagavad- Gita
  6. The most popular of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing loving devotion to one's chosen god or goddess.
    Path of Devotion
  7. The eternal essence of reality and the source of the universe, beyond the reach of human perception and thought.
    Brahman
  8. The highest of the four classes of the caste system, made up of priests
    brahmin
  9. Traditional division of Hindu society into various categories
    Caste system
  10. Ethical duty based on the divine order of reality; one of the four goals of life
    dharma
  11. One of three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing knowing the true nature of reality through learning and meditation
    Path of Knowledge
  12. Pleasure, especially of sensual love; one of the four goals of life
    kama
  13. The moral law of cause and effect of actions; determines the nature of one's reincarnation
    Karma
  14. One of three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing performing right actions according to dharma
    Path of Works
  15. The second of the four classes of the caste system, made up of warriors and administrators
    kshatriya
  16. Cosmic illusion brought about by divine creative power
    maya
  17. Liberation or release of the individual self, atman, from the bondage of samsara; salvation; one of the four goals of life
    moksha
  18. the doctrine that reality is ultimately made up of only one essence
    monism
  19. A collection of 1,017 Sanskrit hymns composed about 1500 BC or earlier; Hinduism's oldest sacred text
    Rig Veda
  20. A trancelike state in which selfconsciousness is lost, and the mind is absorbed into the ultimate reality; the culmination of the eight steps of Yoga
    samadhi
  21. The wheel of rebirth or reincarnation; the this-worldly realm in which rebirth occurs
    samasara
  22. A system of Hindu philosophy and one approach within jnana marga, "the path of knowledge," asserting that reality comprises two distinct categories: matter and eternal selves.
    Sankhya
  23. a wandering ascetic who has advanced to the fourth and highest stage of life
    sannyasin
  24. the lowest of the four classes made up of servants and laborers
    shudra
  25. A collection of over two hundred texts composed between 900 and 200 B.C. that provide philosophical commentary on the Vedas.
    Upanishads
  26. the third of the four classes of the caste system, made up of producers, farmers, merchants, and artisans
    vaishya
  27. A system of Hindu philosophy and one approach within jnana marga, "the path of knowledge," holding that all reality is essentialy Brahmanl most notable advocate is the medieval Hindu philosopher Shankara.
    Vedanta
  28. A system of Hindu philosophy and one approach within jnana marga, "the path of knowledge," seeeking to free the eternal self from the bondage of personhood, culminating in the experience of samadhi; lowercase: physical and psychological techniques for spiritual advancement.
    Yoga

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