# Geog ch 5

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1. the distribution of humankind across our planet
population geography
2. the study of individual populations in terms of specific group characteristics
demography
3. the number of people per unit of area
arithmetic density
4. the density of population per unit of cropland
physiological density
5. able to support a high population density
carrying capacity
6. the annual number of live births per 1000 people
crude birth rate
7. the annual number of deaths per 1000 people
crude death rate
8. the difference between the number of births and number of deaths
natural increase or natural decrease
9. the number of children born per year per 1000 females in a population
fertility rate
10. the average number of children that would be born to each woman in a given society if, during her childbearing years (15-49), she bore the children at the current year's rate for woman that age
total fertility rate (TFR)
11. TFR of 2.1 children, which stabilizes the population
replacement rate
12. a prediction of the future, assuming that the world's current population trend remains the same or else changes in defined ways
population projection
13. constant population
zero population growth
14. the number of years it would take a country to double it's population at it's present rate of increase
doubling time
15. a graphic device that represents two aspects of population: age and gender
population pyramid
16. the ratio of the combined population of children less than 15 years old and elderly people over 64
dependency ratio
17. a model to describe a country's historical experience
demographic transition
18. the number of infants per thousand who die before reaching 1 year of age
infant mortality rate
19. the average number of year a newborn baby within a given population can expect to live
life expectancy
20. the study of incidence, distribution, and control of disease
epidemiology
21. disease causing organisms
pathogens
22. change in the leading causes of death
epidemiology transition
23. the theory that the future of humankind would consist of endless cycles of war, pestilence, and famine
Malthusian theory
24. a migrant who intends to stay in their new location only until they can save enough capital to return to their homeland to a higher standard of living
sojourners
25. natives
indigenous peoples
26. the migrations of black peoples out of africa
african diaspora
27. strict racial segregation in south africa
apartheid
28. the chinese commercial supremacy and their international links
Overseas Chinese
29. the safety a country grants refugees
asylum
30. money sent home from workers abroad
workers' remittances
31. the emigration of a country's best-educated people and most skilled workers
brain drain
 Author: Anonymous ID: 46682 Card Set: Geog ch 5 Updated: 2010-11-02 04:08:42 Tags: geog Folders: Description: Exam 2 Show Answers: