Chapter 8 and 9 Flashcards

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Chapter 8 and 9 Flashcards
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Veterinary Medical Terminology Chapter Flashcards
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Veterinary Medical Terminology Chapter 8 and 9 Flashcards
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  1. cardi/o
    heart
  2. another name for the cariovascular system
    circulatory system
  3. vascul/o
    vessels
  4. combining form for heart
    cardi/o
  5. combining form for vessels
    vascul/o, angi/o or vas/o
  6. peri-
    around
  7. epi-
    upper
  8. epicardium
    external layer of the heart
  9. external layer of the heart
    epicardium
  10. my/o
    muscle
  11. combining form for muscle
    my/o
  12. myocardium
    middle/muscular layer of the heart
  13. middle/muscular layer of the heart
    myocardium
  14. endo-
    within
  15. endocardium
    inner layer of the heart
  16. inner layer of the heart
    endocardium
  17. atri/o
    atria (singular = atrium)
  18. combining form for atria
    atri/o
  19. ventricul/o
    ventricles
  20. combining form for ventricles
    ventricul/o
  21. valv/o, valvul/o
    valve
  22. combining form for valve
    valv/o or valvul/o
  23. systole
    contraction
  24. contraction
    systole
  25. asystole
    without contraction
  26. without contraction
    asystole
  27. diastole
    relaxation
  28. relaxation
    diastole
  29. arrhythmia
    abnormal heart rhythm
  30. abnormal heart rhythm
    arrhythmia (aka: dysrhythmia)
  31. bradycardia
    abnormally slow heart rate
  32. tachycardia
    abnormally fast heartbeat
  33. abnormally slow heartbeat
    bradycardia
  34. abnormally fast heartbeat
    tachycardia
  35. brady-
    slow
  36. tachy-
    fast
  37. cardia
    heart
  38. auscultation
    listening to heart sounds with a stethoscope
  39. listening to heart sounds with a stethoscope
    auscultation
  40. steth/o
    chest
  41. -scope
    instrument to examine or monitor
  42. angi/o
    vessel
  43. vas/o
    vessel
  44. arteri/o
    arteries
  45. combining form for arteries
    arteri/o
  46. -ole
    small
  47. suffix meaning small
    -ole
  48. arterioles
    small arteries
  49. small arteries
    arterioles
  50. ven/o
    veins
  51. phleb/o
    veins
  52. combining form for vein
    ven/o or phleb/o
  53. tensi/o
    pressure or tension
  54. combining form for pressure or tension
    tensi/o
  55. sphygm/o
    pulse
  56. combining form for pulse
    sphygm/o
  57. man/o
    pressure
  58. combining form for pressure
    man/o (tensi/o more refers to tension)
  59. -meter
    device
  60. heart murmur
    an abnormal sound associated with the turbulent flow of blood caused by a leak in a valve of the heart
  61. an abnormal sound associated with the turbulent flow of blood caused by a leak in a valve of the heart
    heart murmur
  62. insufficiency
    inability to perform at the proper level
  63. inability to perform at the proper level
    insufficiency
  64. systolic
    referring to when the ventricles contract
  65. referring to when the ventricles contract
    systolic
  66. diastolic
    referring to when the ventricles relax
  67. referring to when the ventricles relax
    diastolic
  68. occlusion
    blockage of a vessel or a passageway
  69. blockage of a vessel or a pasageway
    occlusion
  70. edema
    accumulation of fluid in intercellular spaces, may be seen with CHF
  71. accumulation of fluid in intercellular spaces, may be seen with CHF
    edema
  72. ascites
    fluid accumulation in the peritoneal cavity, may be seen with CHF
  73. fluid accumulation in the peritoneal cavity, may be seen with CHF
    ascites
  74. embolus
    foreign object that is circulating in blood, embolism is blockage of a vessel by a foreign object
  75. foreign object that is circulating in blood
    embolus
  76. hematoma
    mass or collection of blood
  77. mass or collection of blood
    hematoma
  78. hypertension
    high blood pressure
  79. high blood pressure
    hypertension
  80. hypotension
    low blood pressure
  81. low blood pressure
    hypotension
  82. BPM
    beats per minute
  83. CHF
    congestive heart failure
  84. CPCR
    cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation
  85. CVP
    central venous pressure
  86. ECG or EKG
    electrocariogram
  87. HR
    heart rate
  88. IV
    intravenous
  89. IC
    intracardiac
  90. IA
    intra-arterial
  91. respiration
    exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the body cells (gases = oxygen and carbon dioxide)
  92. ventilation
    the bringing in of fresh air (breathing)
  93. nas/o
    nose
  94. rhin/o
    nose
  95. combining form for nose
    nas/o or rhin/o
  96. pharyng/o
    pharynx
  97. combining form for pharynx
    pharyng/o
  98. term that means throat
    pharynx
  99. laryng/o
    larynx
  100. combining form for larynx
    laryng/o
  101. medical term for the voice box
    larynx
  102. trache/o
    trachea
  103. combining form for trachea
    trache/o
  104. medical term for the windpipe
    trachea
  105. bronch/o
    bronchi (singular = bronchus)
  106. combining form for bronchi
    bronch/o
  107. bronchiol/o
    bronchioles
  108. combining form for bronchioles
    bronchiol/o
  109. alveol/o
    alveoli
  110. combining form for alveoli
    alveol/o
  111. cost/o
    ribs
  112. combining form for ribs
    cost/o
  113. thorac/o
    chest
  114. combining form for chest
    thorac/o
  115. -thorax
    chest
  116. pneum/o, pneumon/o and pneu
    lungs or air
  117. combining form for lungs or air
    pneum/o or pneumon/o
  118. pulm/o, pulmon/o
    lungs
  119. combining form for lungs
    pulm/o or pulmon/o
  120. pleur/o
    pleura
  121. combining form for pleura
    pleur/o
  122. dia-
    across
  123. phragm/o
    wall
  124. combining form for wall
    phragm/o
  125. diaphragmat/o
    diaphragm
  126. phren/o
    diaphragm
  127. combining form for diaphragm
    diaphragmat/o or phren/o
  128. -pnea
    breathing
  129. suffix meaning breathing
    -pnea
  130. inhalation
    drawing in of a breath
  131. exhalation
    release of a breath
  132. ox/i, ox/o, ox/y
    oxygen
  133. combining form for oxygen
    ox/i, ox/o, ox/y
  134. capn/o
    carbon dioxide
  135. combining form for carbon dioxide
    capn/o
  136. apnea
    absence of breathing
  137. absence of breathing
    apnea
  138. dyspnea
    difficult or labored breathing
  139. difficult or labored breathing
    dyspnea
  140. bradypnea
    abnormally slow respiratory rates
  141. abnormally slow respiratory rates
    bradypnea
  142. tachypnea
    abnormally rapid respiratory rates
  143. abnormally rapid respiratory rates
    tachypnea
  144. hyperpnea
    abnormal increase in the rate and depth of respirations
  145. abnormal increase in the rate and depth of respirations
    hyperpnea
  146. hypopnea
    abnormally slow or shallow respirations
  147. abnormally slow or shallow respirations
    hypopnea
  148. hypoxia
    inadequate supply of oxygen to tissue, despite adequate blood supply
  149. inadequate supply of oxygen to tissue, despite an adequate blood supply
    hypoxia
  150. hypercapnia
    refers to excessive amounts of carbon dioxide in the blood
  151. refers to excessive amounts of carbon dioxide in the blood
    hypercapnia
  152. hypocapnia
    a decrease in carbon dioxide levels in the blood
  153. a decrease in carbon dioxide levels in the blood
    hypocapnia
  154. phlegm
    thick mucus secreted by the respiratory lining
  155. thick mucus secreted by the respiratory lining
    phelgm
  156. sputum
    mucus secretion from the lower respiratory tract
  157. mucus secretion from the lower respiratory tract
    sputum
  158. asthma
    chronic allergic disorder
  159. chronic allergic disorder of the lungs
    asthma
  160. aspiration
    inhalation of a foreign substance into the upper respiratory tract
  161. inhalation of a foreign substance into the upper respiratory tract
    aspiration
  162. atelectasis
    incomplete expansion of the alveoli; also may mean collapse of a lung
  163. incomplete expansion of the alveoli; also may mean collapse of a lung
    atelectasis
  164. cyanosis
    abnormal condition of blue color
  165. abnormal condition of blue color
    cyanosis
  166. diaphragmatic
    pertaining to the diaphragm
  167. pertaining to the diaphragm
    diaphragmatic
  168. endotracheal
    pertaining to within the trachea
  169. pertaining to within the trachea
    endotracheal
  170. epstaxis
    nosebleed
  171. nosebleed
    epstaxis
  172. laryngospasm
    sudden fluttering or closure of the voice box
  173. sudden fluttering or closure of the voice box (larynx)
    laryngospasm
  174. rhinoplasty
    surgical repair of the nose
  175. surgical repair of the nose
    rhinoplasty
  176. stenotic
    narrowing
  177. narrowing
    stenotic
  178. tracheotomy
    surgical incision into the windpipe (trachea)
  179. surgical incision into the windpipe (trachea)
    tracheotomy
  180. transtracheal
    across the trachea
  181. across the trachea
    transtracheal
  182. CO2
    carbon dioxide
  183. O2
    oxygen
  184. RR
    respiration rate
  185. TTW
    transtracheal was
  186. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  187. ET
    endotracheal

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