Medical terminology

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Medical terminology
2010-11-02 23:21:34
cardiovascular System

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  1. Cardiovascular
    Pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
  2. Epicardium (ep-ih-KAR-dee-um)
    The external layer of the heart
  3. Atria (AY-tee-ah)
    The two upper chambers of the heart
  4. Ventricles (VEN-trih-kuhls)
    The two lower chambers of the heart
  5. Cardiac Apex
    The narrow tip of the heart
  6. Venae Cavae (VEE-nee KAY-vee)
    The two large veins that return blood into the heart
  7. Systolic Pressure
    Occurs when the ventricles contract, is the highest pressure against the walls of the blood vessels
  8. Plasma (PLAZ-mah)
    Is a straw-colored fluid that contains nutrients, hormones, and waste products
  9. Erythrocytes (eh-RITH-roh-sights)
    A mature red blood cells
  10. Prothrombin (proh-THROM-bin)
    The clotting proteins found in plasma
  11. Serum (SEER-um)
    Plasma with these clotting proteins removed
  12. Neutrophils (NEW-troh-fills)
    Are formed in red bone marrow, are the most common type of WBC
  13. Thrombocytes (THROM-boh-sights)
    The smallest formed elements of the blood
  14. Atheroma (ath-er-OH-mah)
    A deposit of fatty plaque within the arterial wall
  15. Ischemia (iss-KEE-mee-ah)
    A temporary deficiency in blood supply due to either the constriction or the obstruction of a blood vessel
  16. Angina Pectoris (an-JIGH-nah PECK-toh-riss)
    Episodes of severe chest pain due to inadequate blood flow to the myocardium
  17. Cardiomegaly (kar-dee-oh-MEG-ah-lee)
    The abnormal enlargement of the heart
  18. Myocarditis (my-oh-kar-DYE-tis)
    An inflammation of the myocardium
  19. Tachycardia (tack-ee-KAR-dee-ah)
    An abnormally rapid heartbeat
  20. Prolapse
    The falling or dropping down of an organ or internal part
  21. Septicemia (sep-tih-SEE-mee-ah)
    A systemic disease caused by the spread of microorganisms and their toxins via the circulating blood
  22. Homocysteine (hoh-moh-SIS-teen)
    An amino acid normally found in the blood and used by the body to build and maintain tissues.
  23. Cholesterol (koh-LES-ter-ol)
    A waxy fat like substance that travels in the blood in packages called lipoproteins.
  24. Vasodilator (vas-oh-dye-LAYT-or)
    Dilates the blood vessels
  25. Valvoplasty (VAL-voh-plas-tee)
    The surgical repair or replacement of a heart valve