Cost Accounting

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  1. Administrative Costs
    All executive, organizational, and clerical costs associated with the general management of an organization rather than with manufacturing or selling.
  2. Budget
    A detailed plan for the future, usually expressed in formal quanititative terms
  3. common cost
    A cost that is incurred to support a number of cost objects but that cannot be traced to them individually. For example, the wage cost of the pilot of a 747 airliner is a common cost of all of the passengers on the aircraft. Without the pilot, there would be no flight and no passengers. But no part of the pilot's wage is caused by any one passenger taking the flight.
  4. Control
    The process of instituting procedures and then obtaining feedbgack to ensure that all parts of the organization are functioning effectively and moving toward overall company goals.
  5. Controller
    The member of the top management team who is responsible for providing relevant and timely data to managers and for preparing financial statements for external users. The controller reports to the CFO.
  6. Controlling
    Actions taken to help ensure that the plan is being followed and is appropriately modified as circumstances change.
  7. Conversion cost
    Direct labor cost plus manufacturing overhead cost
  8. Cost behavior
    The way in which a cost reacts to changes in the level of activity
  9. Cost object
    Anything for which cost data are desired. Examples of cost objects are products, customers, jobs and parts of the organization such as departments or divisions.
  10. Cost of goods manufactured
    The manufacturing costs associated with the goods that were finished during the period.
  11. Differential cost
    A difference in cost between two alternatives. (Also incremental cost)
  12. Differential revenue
    The difference in revenue between two alternatives
  13. Direct cost
    A cost that can be easily and conveniently traced to a specified cost object.
  14. Directing and motivating
    Mobilizing people to carry out plans and run routine operations
  15. Direct labor
    Factory labor costs that can be easily traced to individual units of product. Also called touch labor.
  16. Direct materials
    Materials that become an integral part of a finished product and whose costs can be conveniently traced to it.
  17. feedback
    Accounting and other reports that help managers monitor performance and focus on problems and/or opportunities that might otherwise go unnoticed.
  18. Financial accounting
    The phase of accounting concerned with providing information to stockholders, creditors, and others outside of the organization.
  19. Finished goods
    Units of product that have been completed but not yet sold to customers.
  20. Fixed cost
    A cost that remains constant, in total, regardless of changes in the level of activity within the relevant range. If a fixed cost is expressed on a per unit basis, it varies inversely with the level of activity.
  21. Incremental cost
    An increase in cost between two alternatives. (Also differential cost).
  22. Indirect cost
    A cost that cannot be easily and conveniently traced to a specified cost object.
  23. Indirect labor
    The labor costs of janitors, supervisors, materials handlers, and other factory workers that cannot be conveniently traced to particular products.
  24. Indirect materials
    Small items of materail such as glue and nails that may be an integral part of a finished prroduct but whose costs cannot be easily or conveniently traced to it.
  25. Inventoriable costs
    • Synonym for product costs
    • Product cost - all costs that are involved in acquiring or making a product. in the case of manufactured goods, these costs consist of direct materials, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead
  26. Managerial accounting
    The phase of accounting concerned with providing information to managers for use within the organiation.
  27. Manufacturing overhead
    All manufacturing costs except direct materials and direct labor
  28. Opportunity cosst
    the potential benefit that is given up when one alternative is selected over another
  29. Performance report
    A detailed report comparing beudgeted data to actual data
  30. Period costs
    Costs that are taken directly to the income statement as expenses in the perid in which they are incurred or accrued
  31. Planning
    Selecting a course of action and specifying how the action will be implemented
  32. Planning and control cycle
    the flow of management activities through planning, directing and motivating, and controlling, and then back to planning again
  33. Prime cost
    Direct materials cost plus direct labor cost
  34. product costs
    all costs that are involved in acquiring or making a product. In the case of manufactured goods, these costs consist of direct materials, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead. (also known as inventoriable costs)
  35. raw materials
    any materials that go into the final product
  36. relevant range
    the range of activity within which assumptions about variable and fixed cost behavior are valid.
  37. schedule of cost of goods manufactured
    a schedule showing the direct materials, direct labor and manufacturing overhead costs incurred during a period and the portion of those costs that are assigned to work in process and finished goods.
  38. Segment
    Any part of an organization that can be evaluated independently of other parts and about which the manager seeks financial data. examples include a product line, a sales territory, a division, or a department.
  39. Selling costs
    All costs that are incurred to secure customer orders and get the finished product or service into the hands of the customers.
  40. Sunk cost
    A cost that has already been incurred and that cannot be changed b y any decision made now or in the future.
  41. Variable cost
    A cost that varies, in total, in direct proportion to changes in the level of activity. A variable cost is constant per unit.
  42. work in process
    Units of product that are only partially complete.

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Cost Accounting
2010-11-03 04:39:20
Cost Accounting

Cost Accounting Ch. 2
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