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Trust vs Mistrust
Needs maximum comfort with minimal uncertaintyto trust himself/herself, others, and the environment
Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt
Works to master physical environment while maintainingself-esteem
Initiative vs Guilt
- Begins to initiate, not imitate, activities;
- developsconscience, and sexual identity.
Industry vs Inferiority
Tries to develop a sense of self-worth by refining skills.
Identity vs Role Confusion
- Tries integrating many roles (child, sibling, student, athlete,worker) into a self-image.
- Under role model and peer pressure
Intimacy vs Isolation
- Learns to make personal commitment to another.
- as a spouse
- or partner
Generativity vs Stagnation
Seeks satisfaction through productivity in career, family, and community interests.
Integrity vs Despair
Reviews and is reminiccent of life accomplishments, deals with loss, and preparation for death.
Maslow's Hierachy of Human Needs
- Love and Belonging
- They consist of needs for oxygen, food, water, and temperature. They are the strongest needs is air. The physiological needs come first in the person's need for satisfaction.
When all physiological needs are satisfied the needs for saftey in next. We need to feel safe in our environment. Be free of all dangers.
Needs of Love, Affection and Belongingness
Next are needs for love, affection and belonging. A feeling of being loved and a belonging to family, friends, etc.
Self-esteem involves needs for both self-esteem and for the esteem a person gets from others. Humans have a need for a stable, firmly based, high level of self-respect, and respect from others. When these needs are satisfied, the person feels self-confident and valuable as a person in the world. When these needs are frustrated, the person feels inferior, weak, helpless and worthless.
Self-actualization describes a person's need to be and do that which the person was "born to do." These needs make themselves felt in signs of restlessness. The person feels on edge, tense, lacking something, in short, restless. If a person is hungry, unsafe, not loved or accepted, or lacking self-esteem, it is very easy to know what the person is restless about. It is not always clear what a person wants when there is a need for self-actualization.