Female Gen

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Author:
HLW
ID:
47075
Filename:
Female Gen
Updated:
2010-11-18 16:22:20
Tags:
histo
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Description:
Female Gen
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  1. Stages of follicular development (5):
    • Primordial follicle
    • Primary Follicle
    • Secondary Follicle
    • Late Secondary Follicle
    • Mature/Graafian Follicle
  2. Epithelium of Primordial follicle:
    *Simple Squamous
  3. Epithelium of Primary follicle:
    *Simple Cuboidal
  4. Epithelium of Secondary:
    *Stratified Epithelium= Granulosa cells (stratified, polyhedral follicular cells)
  5. Which Cells Secretes Zona Pellucida
    *Granulosa Cells (in secondary Follicle)
  6. Late Secondary follicle is composed of (4):
    • Primary Oocyte
    • Zona Pellucida
    • Granulosa Cells
    • Theca Cells
    • *
  7. Mature Follicle is composed of (7)
    • Primary/Seconday Oocyte
    • Zona Pellucida
    • Corona Radiata
    • Cumulus Oophorus
    • Antrum
    • Theca Interna
    • Theca Externa
  8. Theca Interna cells are composed of (3):
    • *(similar to steroid secreting cells)
    • *lipid droplets
    • +sER
    • +Mitochondria
  9. Theca Externa consists of (2):
    • *Loose CT
    • Fibrocytes
  10. What induces ovulation (2)
    • *LH (from Ant Pit)
    • Pressure from Antal Fluid
  11. Follicles that don't rupture
    Atretic Follicles
  12. Fibrous scar resulting from atratic follicles
    *Corpus Atreticum
  13. Species differences in Mare's ovary (2):
    • Ovulation Fossa (indentation= single site for ovulation)
    • Follicle Develops in Medulla while cortex has CT
  14. Two exterior layers of Ovary:
    • Low Cuboidal Surface Epithelium
    • Tunica Albuginea
  15. After ovulation, the follicle -> ___ -> ___ -> ____
    • C. Hemorrhagicum
    • C. Luteum
    • C. Albican
  16. Hormones produced by ovary (2):
    • Estrogen
    • Progesterone
  17. Large Luteal Cells are produced by:
    Granulosa Cells
  18. Small Luteal Cells are produced by
    Theca Cells
  19. Luteal Cells =>
    Progesterone
  20. Corpus Hemorrhagicum-
    Ruptured follicle (blood in antrum)
  21. Luteinization-
    Process by which granulosa and theca cells -> luteal cells
  22. Corpus Albicans
    An unfertilized CL that degenerates and is replaced by CT
  23. Corpus Atreticum
    Follicle that regresses before maturation is complete
  24. Species Difference in Mare
    • Follicles in medulla/CT in cortex
    • Ovulation Fossa
    • Accessory Corpus Luteum
    • Endometrial Cups
  25. Layers of the Uterine Tube/Oviduct (4):
    • Mucosa
    • Propra-Submucosa
    • Tunica Muscularis
    • Tunica Serosa
  26. Layers of the uterus (in-out)
    • Endometrium
    • Myometrium
    • Perimetrium*
  27. Epithelium of Endometrium
    *Simple Columnar
  28. Primary epithelium of F repro organs
    Simple Columnar
  29. Two exceptions of female repro epithelium
    (those that are not simple columnar)
    • Infundibulum= Pseudostratified
    • Vagina= Stratified Squamous
  30. Caruncles-
    Nonglandular thickenings of the endometrium *
  31. Caruncles are found in
    Ruminants*
  32. Relative to the ureter, the uterine tube has more ____ and less ____
    • more folding (lots!)
    • less muscle
  33. Layers of the Uterine Horn
    • Endometrium (mucosa+submucosa)
    • Myometrium (muscularis)
    • Perimetrium (serosa)
  34. Myometrium (of the uterine horn) consists of (3):
    • Inner circular muscle
    • Stratum Vasculare
    • Outter Longitudinal
    • (++ stretching)
  35. Nonglandular parts of uterine horn
    Caruncles
  36. Caruncles are a thickening of the _____
    endometrium (mucosa-submucosa)
  37. The endometrium of mares contains _____
    Endometrial cups
  38. Endometrial Cups contain...
    lots of glands (provides ++ nutrients)
  39. Cervical Seal is formed by
    Mucous secreted by mucigenic and goblet cells *
  40. Elastic fibers are abundent in the ____ to reestablish shape after parturition
    cervix
  41. Vaginal goblet cells are found in whch species?
    bovines
  42. An additional layer of vaginal longitudinal muscle is found in which species (2)?
    • sow
    • bitch
  43. Exterior layer of vagina changes from ___ to ____ (cranial to caudel)
    • cranial= serosa
    • caudel= adventitia
  44. The vagina is demarcated as the area btw. the ___ and ___
    • Cervix
    • Urethra
  45. Difference btw the vestibule and caudel vagina
    vestibule has more subepithelial lymphatic nodules
  46. Bulbus Vestibuli is present in
    • Mares
    • Bitches
  47. Glands in the propria submucosa of the vestibule
    Vestibular Glands
  48. The clitoris is homologus to the male ___
    penis
  49. the labia forms the ___
    vulva
  50. What occurs during Proestrus (3)?
    • Follicular Growth
    • Endometrial Proliferation
    • Vascularization
  51. What occurs during Estrus (3)?
    • Ovulation
    • Endometrial Proliferation
    • Edema
  52. What occurs during Metestrus (2)?
    • Development of Corpus Luteum
    • Endometrial Gland Hyperplasia
  53. If fertilization occurs, ___ follows
    If no fertilization, ____ follows
    • Fertilization=> Diestrus
    • No Fertilization => CL regresses-> Corpus Albicans
  54. What occurs during Diestrus (3)?
    • (after fertilization)
    • Progesterone takes control of CL
    • Hyperplasia of endometrial gland
    • Increased secretion
  55. Follicular stages during Proestrus (4):
    • Primordial
    • Primary
    • Secondary
    • Late Secondary
  56. Compared to mammals, avian ovarie are...
    less compact *
  57. Avian Oviduct consists of (5):
    • Infundibulum
    • Magnum
    • Isthmus
    • Uterus
    • Vagina *
  58. Shell Gland =
    Uterus *
  59. AvianvInfundibulum is characterized by (2):
    • Highly folded mucosa
    • Pseudostrat Ciliated Epi*
  60. Epithelium of the Magnum
    +/- Ciliated, columnar *
  61. Epithelium of the isthmus
    +/- Ciliated, columnar *

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