A scientific approach for discovering environmental variables that reliably influence socially significant behavior and for developing a technology of behavior change that takes practical advantage of those discoveries.
What is Applied Behavior Analysis.
A systematic approach for seeking and organizing knowledge about the natural world.
What is "science."
What is the goal of understanding in Applied Behavior Analysis?
A thorough understanding of socially important behaviors.
What are the three levels of scientific understanding?
Description, prediction, and control.
A collection of facts about the observed events that can be quantified, classified, and examined for possible relations with other known facts.
What is "description?"
Repeated observations reveal that two events consistently covary with each other; that is, in the presence of one event, another event occurs of fails to occur with some specified probability.
What is "prediction?"
What is a correlation?
A systematic relationship of covariation between two events; this relationship can be used in prediction, however, does not prove causation.
The third and highest level of scientific understanding.
The primary products of basic and applied behavior analytic research. A _______ _______ exists when a well-controlled experiment reveals that a specific change in one event (the dependent variable) can reliably be produced by specific manipulations of another event (the independent variable), and that the change in the dependent variable was unlikely to be the result of other extraneous factors (confounding variables).