Geography_Unit_1.txt

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Author:
JayeMahnne
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47194
Filename:
Geography_Unit_1.txt
Updated:
2010-11-03 22:16:51
Tags:
demography economy government geography population unit
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  1. Physical vs Human Geography
    • physical: nature (climate, terrain, etc.)
    • human: man-made (cities, culture, etc.)
  2. Demographics
    • Population Characteristics:
    • religion
    • culture
    • size
    • education
    • wealth
    • genders
    • health
    • race
    • economics
  3. Culture
    • Material: food, clothes, buildings, arts, crafts, tech
    • Nonmaterial: language, religion, government, education, spiritual beliefs, behavior, attitudes > genders
  4. Latitude/Longitude
    • imaginary lines that form a grid over the globe
    • absolute location
  5. Climate
    • weather patterns
    • typical over long period of time
    • depends on:
    • elevation
    • latitude
    • location reative to landforms and water
  6. Diffusion
    • process by which element is transmitted
    • migration
    • trade
    • empires
  7. Cultural Convergence
    • elements from a culture meet with another culture
    • skills, arts, ideas, habits, institutions, etc.
    • stronger transportation+communication > more convergence
  8. Cultural Divergence
    • restricted transportation + communication > limitting of cultural contact
    • usually done by govmt.
    • EX movement, news, internet, radio, TV
  9. Life Expectancy
    • The age most people in a region are expected to reach
    • DEMOGRAPHY
  10. Literacy Rate
    • % of peopl ^15 who can read and write
    • DEMOGRAPHY
  11. Population
    (births + immigrants) - (deaths + emmigrants)
  12. Overpopulation
    country/region does not possess enough resources to provide for entire population
  13. Population Density
    Number of people/sq mile
  14. Zero Population Growth
    (births + immigrants) - (deaths + emmigrants) = 0
  15. Per Capita GDP
    Total value of all items made/ population
  16. Sustainability
    • Meeting the needs of present people wifhout comprimising the ability of future generations to meet their needs
    • EX: replanting trees after foresting
  17. Three Es
    • Environment
    • Economy
    • Equity
    • triangle: connect
  18. Demographic Indicators of Development
    • GDP
    • standard of living
    • levels of education and health-care
    • transportation
    • communication
    • diet/food
    • life expectancy
    • literacy rate
  19. Productivity
    The time it takes to make something / how many of that thing you can make
  20. Resource
    • Natural Resource: material in the natural environment that people use
    • Renewable Resource: constantly being regenerated or replaced by the environment
    • Nonrenewable Resource: cannot be replaced for millions of years once it is used
  21. Agricultural Revolution
    • Great avancement made in farming
    • technology
    • methods
    • crop types
  22. Medical Revolution
    the creation of vaccines and antibiotics
  23. Industrial Revolution
    • transfer from human power to machine power
    • mass production
  24. Migration, Immigration, Emigration
    • A permanent move from one place to another
    • Imm: enter new country
    • Em: leave country
  25. Push + Pull Factors
    Conditions that attract or repel people to/from a region
  26. Brain Drain
    When many educated people leave a region
  27. Nation vs. State
    Same thing
  28. Country Development Stages
    • Village
    • Town
    • City
    • City-State
    • Empire
  29. Development
    • ->large work force
    • ->advanced tech
    • ->large population
    • Uneven: most countries = high end or low end, not in the middle
  30. MDC
    • More Developed Country
    • many industries
    • advanced technology
    • manufactured goods
  31. LDC
    • Less Developed Country
    • few industries
    • poor technology
    • hand-made goods

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