MOD E UNIT 1 THEORY

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Author:
jmejamison
ID:
47338
Filename:
MOD E UNIT 1 THEORY
Updated:
2010-11-30 18:38:26
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RADIOLOGY MICROBIOLOGY
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RADIOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY
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  1. Invisible form of radiant energy, cause of ionization, and causes fluorenscence- are all characteristics of what?
    x-rays
  2. Safety precautions sedsigned to prevent unnecessary exposure to x-rays are?
    • wearing a film badge
    • using protective clothing
    • using a gonad shield
    • etc.
  3. All of the following are dangers of x-rays except:
    A-depress the heart rate
    B- depress the hematopoietic system
    C-damage the gonads
    D- cause leukemia
    A- depress the heart rate
  4. Process of aking an x-ray record of blood vessels is?
    angiography
  5. Radiation therapy in which the radioactive substance is inserted into the body cavity?
    brachytherapy
  6. Process of using ultrasound as a diagnostic tool is?
    echography
  7. process of obtaining pictures of the breast through the use of x-ray is?
    mammography
  8. One who is skilled in making x-ray records is called?
    radiographer
  9. One who specializes in radiology is called?
    radiologist
  10. An object that permits the passage of radiant energy?
    radiolucent
  11. A record produced by ultrasonography is called?
    sonogram
  12. Process of cutting across and producing images of single tissue planes is?
    tomography
  13. Medical term for pertaining to hair loss?
    alopecia
  14. Light-proof case or holder for x-ray film?
    cassette
  15. A unit or radioactivity is known as?
    curie
  16. A charge or unit of negative electricity that revolves around the nucleus of an atom?
    neutron
  17. what refers to the skin area of entry for radiation, in radiation therapy?
    port
  18. Combining form cinemato means?
    motion
  19. suffix -graphy means?
    recording
  20. X-ray record of the gallbladder is called?
    cholecystogram
  21. Treatment by introducing ions into the body is called?
    ionotherapy
  22. X-ray record of the kidney and renal pelvis is?
    intravenous pyelogram
  23. Radiologic studies are?
    Therapeutic and used to treat cancer
  24. a chalky substance mixed with water that patient drinks before a fluoroscopy is called?
    Barium sulfate
  25. When having an Upper GI barium swallow is consumed when?
    durring exam
  26. Durring and upper GI, patients are "NPO after midnight". what does this mean?
    Nothing by mouth after midnight- no food or beverages
  27. When having a Lower GI- barium sulfate contrast is introduced into the colon by an enema, patient should do what the day before the exam?
    switch to an all liquid diet the morning before exam
  28. To evacuate barium and aviod constipation, pt should?
    drink plenty of fluids after procedure
  29. Geniteurianry system is associated with what?
    IVP- intravenous pyelogram
  30. The urinary system consits of?
    KUB- Kidnesy, ureters, and bladder
  31. When having a mammography done, pts should not wear what?
    any powder or perfumes the day of the exam
  32. How often should women over 40yo have a mammogram done?
    every year as long as their in good health
  33. Body scans are known as?
    How thick are they?
    CT or CAT and 1cm thick
  34. When a pt is turned at an angle to the film plate so the x-ray beam can be directed at areas that would normally be hidden, they are positioned which way?
    oblique
  35. POL
    Physician's office laboratory
  36. CLIA
    Clinic Laboratory Improvement Act: MA's can preform low complexity tests.
  37. A virus can only be viewed with an ecletron ______________
    miscrscope
  38. Microscope parts: the Arm supports the _______
    eye pieces
  39. the shortest lens and lowest power; objects are 10X larger
    Lower Power Field (LPF) objective
  40. Magnifies objects 40X- used for greater detail in viewing specimens?
    High Power Field ( HPF) objective
  41. More detail will be obtained when viewing a speciment under a microscope by?
    turning the nosepiece to the next higher objective.
  42. 3-4 small lenses attached to the revoloving nosepiece are called?
    Objectives
  43. Always _____________ the stage after removing the slide.
    lower
  44. Pregnancy testing is based on the presence or absence of which hormone?
    Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
  45. _________ is a means for isolating a disease causing microorganism for identification.
    Culturing
  46. Done to determine which antibiotic to use to treat specfic bacteria.
    sensitivity test
  47. A gelatin-like substance that containes nurtrients comparable to human tissue to encourage growth of microorganisms is?
    agar

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