Gen Bio Chapter 12 Vocab

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jnorice
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47491
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Gen Bio Chapter 12 Vocab
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2010-11-05 01:15:22
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Chapter vocabulary
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Chapter 12 vocab
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  1. A ______________ (Scientist who) specialize in describing and categorizing a paticular group of organisms
    Systematists
  2. A period defined by a particular set of fossils
    Geologic Periods
  3. Within each _________ is a _____________.
    (*hint smaller groups)
    Domain, Kingdom
  4. ___________ are divided into four major eras, each period is marked by major changes in the dominant organisms.
    Geological Periods
  5. Geological Periods:
    -Cenozinc
    -Mesozoic
    -Paleozoic
    -Pre-Cambrian
  6. ____________ work in this field to attempt to organize biodiversity into discrete and logical categories.
    Systematist, biological classification
  7. ____________ categorized organisms according to cell type and method of obtaining energy: group consisting of single-celled organisms without a nucleus; etc.
    5 kingdoms
  8. Three Domains
    • Bacteria
    • Archaea
    • Eukarya
  9. Both ____________ and ____________ are prokaryotes.
    (*hint means they lack a nucleus 12.2)
    Bacteria, Archaea
  10. Eukaryotes contain __________, ___________, and other internal structures bounded by membranes unlike ___________.
    mitochondria, chloroplasts, prokaryotes
  11. Prokaryotes are mostly ____________.
    (*hint- each cell is an individual organism)
    unicellular
  12. Prokaryotic Cells are 100x smaller than regular cells so there often called_____________.
    microbes/micororganisms
  13. Biologist who study these organisms
    microbiologist
  14. Kill or disable bacteria
    Antibiotics
  15. This kingdom is made up of the simplest known eukaryotes
    Protista
  16. The origin of protists, modern eukaryotes are most likely the descendants of a confederation of these primitive eukaryotes with other prokaryotic cells.
    (*hint a theory)
    Endosymbiotic Theory
  17. Another word for groups
    Phyla
  18. The only member of the Protista Kingdom that can manufacture its own food
    Algae
  19. Defined as multicellular organisms that make their living by ingesting other organisms and that are motile
    (*hint-found in the Animalia Kingdom)
    Animals
  20. A period comprising more than 1% of the history of life on Earth
    Cambrian Explosion
  21. The process of transforming from a fertilized egg into an adult creature
    Development
  22. Scientist who study the kingdom animalia
    Zoologists
  23. Animal with a backbone
    Vertebrates
  24. Animals without a backbone
    invertebrates
  25. Cells that are analogous to plant seeds that germinate into new individuals
    Spores
  26. Thin stringy material that grows over and within a food source
    Hyphae
  27. Biologist who study fungi
    Mycologist
  28. A single-celled type of Fungi
    Yeast
  29. This fungal form is found in all phyla and commercially important
    Mold
  30. This Kingdom consists of multicellular eukaryotic organisms that make their own food via photosynthesis
    Plante
  31. Specialized cells that can transport water and other substances
    Vascular Tissue
  32. Structures that protect and provide a food source for young plants
    Seeds
  33. ____________posses ____________ and produces seeds?
    Flowering plants,vascular tissue
  34. Rapid expansion of flowering plants
    Adaptive radiation
  35. Plant Biologist are also called _____________.
    Botanist
  36. Chemicals produced by plants and some other organisms as side reactions to normal metanolic pathways and that typically have an antipredator or antibiotic function
    Secondary Compounds
  37. Focuses on the interactions between organisms and their environment
    Ecology
  38. System of organizing biodiversity according to the evolutionary relationships among living organisms
    Evolutionary Classifications
  39. The evolutionary relationship of sparrows in the genus
    Phylogeny
  40. A technique used to examine the variation in sparrows
    Cladistic Analysis
  41. Using the knowledge of native people in developing countries to discover Organisms and active compounds
    Biopiracy

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