Lecture 3 - Darwinian Tradition and Facial Expressions

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Lecture 3 - Darwinian Tradition and Facial Expressions
2010-03-13 15:31:23
Psyc 153 Midterm 1

Psyc 153 Lecture 3
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  1. centralist view
    • adaptory reasons
    • we have them because it helps us survive
    • escape threat
  2. functionalist view
    • motivates organism to behave in certain ways
    • force your attention, motivate you
    • innate
    • distinct set of emotions
  3. cross-sepcies similarity of expression
    • darwins evolutionary approach
    • see same rxns in other animals
    • there is a continum of emotion
    • NOT part of Darwin idea is that emotion is used for comm.
    • serviceable associated habits
  4. serviceable associated habits
    • emotion states induce actions
    • anger leads to biting axn –> show teeth
    • habits that become associated with the emotional state because they become apart of that fxn
    • overtime, form habit of making expression when angry others use this as signal of your emotional state.
  5. Duchenne
    first to put a book of emotional facial expressions
  6. Modern approaches
    • cross-cultural studies
    • New Guinea studies
  7. cross-cultural studies (Ekman and Izard)
    • 60-98% agreement across cultures
    • fear sometimes confused with surprise
  8. New Guinea Studies
    • more than chance, facial expression shared across cultures
    • distinct facial expressions for SOME emotions
  9. Blind and Deaf children
    if innate then must see early and in those of deaf and blind

    • in study:
    • • surprised expression when the doll fell on her back
    • • smiled when realized it was toy
    • • demonstrated anger
    • • temper tantrums were evident
  10. facial feedback
    • Strack et al Exp (1988)
    • facial expressions can feedback your emotional response
    • ppl thought the cartoon was funnier when they held the pen with their teeth creating a smile
  11. appraisal
    • "sense judgements"
    • unconsciously
    • ongoing process
    • always changing
  12. cognitive appraisals
    Magda Arnold's theory
  13. Magda Arnold's theory
    perception –> appraisal –> emotion
  14. social constructivist perspective
    • emotions are social roles (social perscribed way to behave, you learn from them)
    • learn from culture
    • no basic or innate emotions
  15. social constructivist perspective problems
    • continuity btn animals and humans
    • emotional behaviors in infants
    • universality of some facial expressions
  16. social constructivist reconsidered
    • weaker version
    • culture –> appraisal –> emotion
    • culture influences appraisal
    • culture –> emotional behavior (ex. display rules)
    • culture influence how much of an emotion you would show
    • culture can affect cognitive appraisal and facial expression
  17. Cues to Catching lies
    • hesitation
    • discrepancy w/ voice and facial expression
    • drop in a voice
    • shrugs