Card Set Information
Welfare and Ethics
What is welfare?
def: well-being, happiness or state of faring well
Can we define animal welfare? why?
NO! everyone's opinions are different. Welfare is a characteristic of an animal, not something given to it!!
Three animal welfare concepts
physical status (function, fitness)
Mental Status (fellings)
freedom from hunger and thirst
freedom from discomfort
freedom from pain, injury and disease
freedom to express normal behaviour
freedom from fear and distress
concept of needs
need: a requirement, fundamental in the biology of the animal, to obtain a particular resource or respond to a particular environmental or bodily stimulus
hierarchy of needs
some needs may be more important that others for animals
provision of food and water is a fundamental need
provision of a comfortable lying area may be less fundamental
life-sustaining > health-sustaining > comfort-sustaining
Animal welfare science
Welfare science considers effects on the animal from the animals point of view
addresses ethical concerns of the public
active, developing field
multidisciplinary but behavioral emphasis
bias towards farm animals
role of research (in welfare)
Informs the welfare debate by:
defining problems (assessment) (how much...)
Identifying causes (why do...)
providing solutions (improved...)
Animal welfare science- function
: to understand the biological functioning or fitness of the animal
Lots of meausres, easy to demonstrate scientifically BUT
link betwen biological function and welfare not always apparent
Who uses animal welfare science?
animal protection soc.
Role of Ethics
Why should we care about animals?
do animals have moral standing?
what are out duties towards animals?
what human actions are acceptable or unacceptable?
Science vs. Ethics vs. Law
considers effects on the animal from the animals point of view
considers human actions towards animals
considers how humans MUST treat animals
Role of the profession
making professional policy
being a spokesperson for animal welfare
ensuring quality of vets
provide expert independent advice for government
comment on proposed legislation
suggest furutre legislation
role of the individual vet
promote animal welfare
clients look to vets for welfare knowledge and advice
welfare/ethical issues in vet practice
confinement during tx
tx of wild animals
Euthanasia welfare issues?
welfare concerns the quality of animal life
death affects the quantity of animal life
the manner of death is relevant
high death rates can indicate poor welfare conditions
welfare can be improved w/ euthanasia