MOD E UNIT 2 VOCAB

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jmejamison
ID:
47809
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MOD E UNIT 2 VOCAB
Updated:
2010-11-30 18:25:13
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URINARY SYSTEM TERMINOLOGY
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URINARY SYSTEM TERMINOLOGY
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  1. Microscopic structural and functional units of the kidneys. Removes waste products of metabolism from the blood plasma?
    Nephron
  2. Inner protion of the kidneys?
    Medulla
  3. Part of the urinary bladder- small triangular area near the base of the bladder.
    Trigone
  4. Average daily uniary output?
    300-350mL
  5. Characteristics of Diabetes mellitus?
    High quantity and a fruity sweet- acetone odor
  6. Decrease reabsorption of sodium chloride by the kidneys, thereby increasing the amount of sald and water excreted in the urine.
    Diuretics
  7. ADH: Pertianing to a medication that decreases urine secreation.
    Antdiuretic hormone
  8. Inflammation of the bladder
    cystitis
  9. Difficult or painful urination
    dysuria
  10. Excessive urination durring the night
    nocturia
  11. Kidney stone, calculus
    nephrolith
  12. Kidney tumor
    nephroma
  13. Excessive unrination
    polyuria
  14. Inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis
    pyelonephritis
  15. Inflammation of the bladder and renal pelvis
    pyelocystitis
  16. Pus in the urine
    pyuria
  17. Conditon of excess urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood.
    (urine + blood condition)
    uremia
  18. Pertaining to the connection between the ureter and bladder
    ureterovesical
  19. An instrument used to measure the specific gravity of urine
    urinometer
  20. An instrument used to cut a urethral stricture
    urethrotome
  21. Obstruction of the urethra
    urethrophraxis
  22. a pigment that gives urine the normal yellow color?
    urochrome
  23. Under chemical examination, what is present to indicate a sign of renal disease, acute glomerulonephritis and pyelonephritis?
    protein
  24. olig-
    scanty
  25. new opening
    -stomy
  26. -dynia
    pain
  27. -plegia
    paralysis
  28. -cele
    hernia
  29. -vesical
    pertaining to the bladder
  30. -plasty
    surgical repair
  31. -stenosis
    condition of "narrowing"
  32. Correct order of unine flow and how its secreted?
    extraction of certian wastes from the bloodstream, conversion of these materials to urine, transport of the urine from the kidneys via the ureters to the bladder and elimanation of it at appropriate intervals cia the urethra. (bloodstream- kidneys- ureters- bladder- urethra)
  33. Lab procedure that may involve the physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine.
    urinalysis
  34. A small cluster or mass of blood vessels or nerve fibers.
    (A tuft of capillaries situated within a Bowman's capsule at the end of a renal tubule in the vertebrate kidney that filters waste products from the blood and thus initiates urine formation.)
    glomerulus
  35. Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon. Also called nerve cell.
    neuron
  36. An excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue spaces or a body cavity
    edema
  37. An abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the abdominal cavity
    ascites
  38. A body opening or passage, such as the opening of the ear or the urethral canal.
    meatus

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