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- 1. Older adults should consume a well balanced diet and daily allowances of nutrients.
- 2. When special diets are indicated, older adults need to learn how to read and interpret the info provided on packaging labels.
- 1. Can help keep the joints flexible, maintain muscle mass, control blood glucose levels and weight, and promote a sense of well being.
- 2. The type, level, and amt of exercise that is most beneficial differs for each person and should be based on physician recommendations.
Tobacco and Alcohol
- 1. Even the body of an older person can repair damage once smoking is discontinued.
- 2. Cessation may be difficult when smoking has bee na longstanding habit
- 3. Alcohol may be used as a means of coping with depression, sleep disorders, or other problems.
Physical Exams and Preventive Overall Care
- 1. Older adults should be examined at least once a year by their physicians
- 2. Provides opportunity for physicians to detect problems before they become more serious, monitor and treat chronic conditions, and prevent health problems.
Dental Exams and Oral Care
- 1. Dental exams should be obtained and inspection of the oral cavity performed on a regular basis. atleast once a year.
- 2. Older adults who wear dentures still need regular oral exams older than 65 account for more than half of the new cases of oral cancer each year
Maintaining Health Attitudes
Older adults who maintain a positive outlook on life tend to follow a good health practices and remain healthier longer
Beliefs can promote health maintenance or interfere with good health practices and result in increased health risks.
Reliance on home health remedies is common in many cultures
Knowledge and motivation
plays a key role in maintaining health and promotion safety. essential to make good choices
People with limited physical mobility, transportation, or money are like to experience difficulty.
Perception of Aging
- 1. Perception regarding aging greatly affects a person's motivation and willingness to participate in health maintenance activities.
- 2. Person who feels capable and in control of his or her life is more likely to be willing to change behaviors and to work at maintaining health.
Impact of Cognitive and Sensory Changes
- 1. Increase the risks for personal neglect or injury.
- 2. Seriously impaired, commonly lack awareness of their own needs
Impact of Changes Related to Accessibility
Access may be limited by decreased physical mobility.
- 1. are family or friends of the older adult
- 2. primary caregivers provide for most of the day to day needs
- 2. secondary caregivers help with shoppinp, transportation, home maintenance.
- 1. from highly ethical organization that provides a valuable service to elders
- 2. others are less scrupulous and may even increase risks for a vulnerable person
Types of Home Services
- 1. Thorough assessment by a trained professional RN or social worker can best determine how much and what type of help needed.
- 2. Best delivered by RNs,LPNs, LVNs, health aides, housekeepers, dieticians and social workers as well as OTs PTs and Speech therapist.
- 1. Assess the person's ability to resume normal health maintenance practices
- 2. Teach skills required to monitor health status if and when pt returns home
- 3. Consult with social worker or with agencies that can assist with practices
- 1. Assess the existing health maintenance practices
- 2. Explain and reinforce positive behavior
- 3. Assist in identifying fam or community resources promote health maint.
- 4. Use any appropriate interventions that are used in the institutional setting.