Guarantees freedom of religion, speech, assembly, and press and the right of people to petition the gov.
Protects the right of states to maintain a militia and citizens to bear arms.
Restricts quartering of troops in private homes
Protects against "unreasonable searches and seizures"
Assure the right not to be deprived of "life, liberty or property, without due process of law," including protections against double jeopardy, self-incrimination, and gov. seizure of property without just compensation
Guarantees the right to a speedy and public trail by an impartial jury
Assures the rightto a jury trial in cases involving the common law (the law established by previous court decisions)
Protects against excessive bail, or cruel and unusal punishment
Provides that peoples rights are not restricted to those specified in amendments 1-8
Restates the contititions principle of federalism by providing that powers not granted to the national gov. nor prohibited to the states are reserved to the states and to the people
1795-Removed cases in which a state was sued without its consent from the jurisdiction of the federal courts
1804-Required presidential electors to vote separately for president and vice president
1865-Abolished slavery and authorized congress to pass legislation implementing its abolition
1868-Granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the U.S.; banned states from denying any person life, liberty, or property without due process of law; and banned states from denying any person equal protection under the laws