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When do lawmakers usually listen to voters at home?
when do lawmakers usually listen to their own opinion?
little effect on home
most important influences on lawmakers
voters at home, political party, president, and special interest groups
why do voters opinions matter?
bcuz during the capaign for reelection, lawmakers call attention to votes that were proular and opponent call attn to votes that werent
how do lawmakers keep track of voter opinions?
- make trips home
- speak to as many voters as possible
- have staff screen mail for important issues
- send out questionaires
which branch of congress is more independent of their poitical party
what is party voting strong on?
- govt intervention on econ
- farm issues
- social welfare
what is party voting weaker on?
- foreign policies (neither party has a strong opinion)
- civil rights (voters more important)
what do democrats favor more than republicans?
- welfare programs
- public job programs
- tax laws protection lower class
- govt busines regulation
what do republicans favor more than democrats
- less spending on govt programs
- local and state problem solvong (not govt)
- business and higher income
when do lawmakers as party leaders for advice and why
when they dont know a lot about an issue and bcuz they share similar ideas
how does the president influence the congress
appearing on tv and influencing public. also giving or withholding favors.
example of president influencing congress
1990-1991 bush deployed troops to saudi arabia and publicized his views, putting pressure on congress to vote on action in the persian gulf
example of withholding favors
mid 1960s= senator frank church of idaho criticized Lyndon Johnson and showd him an article by Walter lippman= "next time you need a dam in idaho, ask walter lippman"
representatives of interest groups who try to get congress and government officials to support a point of view
persuading officials to support a point of view
Methods of lobbyists
provide lawmakers info on their topic, cisit lawmakeres offices or capital lobbies (hence name) encourage letters from citizens, focus on con comms that deal with their issue (farm groups focus on agriculture)
What are believed to be more important than lobbyists?
political action committees (PACs)