Latin

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
48022
Filename:
Latin
Updated:
2010-11-07 21:01:19
Tags:
Latin Verbs
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Description:
Verb Formation Guide
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  1. Indicative Moods
    -Present System
    --Present Tense Active & Passive
    ---All conjugations begin with the Present Stem (note 3rd conjugation). Add personal endings to the stem (note 3rd Conjugation vowel change).
    :)
  2. Indicative Moods
    -Present System
    --Imperfect Tense Active & Passive
    ---All conjugations begin with the Present Stem. Add the Tense Sign ba; add the personal endings.
    :)
  3. Indicative Moods
    -Present System
    --Future Tense Active & Passive
    ---All conjugations begin with the Present Stem.
    ---1st & 2nd Conjugations
    ----Add the Tense Sign bi (note vowel change in 1st person singular and 3rd person plural); add the personal endings.
  4. Indicative Moods
    -Present System
    --Future Tense Active & Passive
    ---3rd & 4th Conjugations
    ----Add the Tense Sign a (1st Person Singular), e (rest of conjugation); add the personal endings.
  5. Indicative Moods
    -Perfect System
    --Active
    ---Perfect Tense
    ----All conjugations begin with the Perfect Stem. Add the personal endings.
  6. Indicative Moods
    -Perfect System
    --Active
    ---Pluperfect Tense
    ----All conjugations begin with the Perfect Stem. Add the Imperfect Tense of sum.
  7. Indicative Moods
    -Perfect System
    --Active
    ---Future Perfect Tense
    ----All conjugations begin with the Perfect Stem. Add the Future Tense of sum (note 3rd Person Plural anomaly).
  8. Indicative Moods
    -Perfect System
    --Passive
    ---Perfect Tense
    ----All conjugations begin with the 4th Principal Part. Add as a separate word the Present Tense of sum.
  9. Indicative Moods
    -Perfect System
    --Passive
    ---Pluperfect Tense
    ----All conjugations begin with the 4th Principal Part. Add as a separate word the Imperfect Tense of sum.
  10. Indicative Moods
    -Perfect System
    --Passive
    ---Future Perfect Tense
    ----All conjugations begin with the 4th Principal Part. Add as a separate word the Future Tense of sum.
  11. Imperative Mood
    -Present
    --Singular: Identical to the Present Stem, except for 3rd Conjugation verbs (all 3rd Conjugation verbs retain the vowel, e, except dico, duco, facio & fero).
  12. Imperative Mood
    -Present
    --Plural: All conjugations except 3rd just add te to the singular form. 3rd Conjugation verbs add ite to the Present Stem.
  13. Subjunctive Mood:
    - Present System
    --Present Tense Active & Passive
    ---All conjugations begin with the Present Stem, but change stem vowels: 1st, from a to e, 2nd from e to ea; 3rd from e to a; 4th from i to ia (Let's beat that giant!); then add the personal endings.
  14. Subjunctive Mood:
    - Present System
    --Imperfect Tense Active & Passive
    ---All conjugations start with the Present Active Infinitive, then add the personal endings.
  15. Subjunctive Mood:
    - Perfect System
    --Active
    ---Perfect Tense
    ----All conjugations start with the Perfect Stem; then eri is added, then the personal endings.
  16. Subjunctive Mood:
    - Perfect System
    --Active
    ---Pluperfect Tense
    ----All conjugations begin with the Perfect Stem; then isse is added followed by the personal endings.
  17. Subjunctive Mood:
    - Perfect System
    --Passive
    ---Perfect Tense
    ----All conjugations begin with the 4th Principal Part, then add as a separate word the Present Tense, Subjunctive of sum.
  18. Subjunctive Mood:
    - Perfect System
    --Passive
    ---Pluperfect Tense
    ----All conjugations begin with the 4th Principal Part, then add as a separate word the Present Infinitive of sum (esse); the personal endings are then attached to esse.
  19. To summarize:
    Active Passive
    Present System: 2 2
    Perfect System: 3 4
  20. Infinitives:
    -Present Active
    --The second Principal Part of a regular verb.
  21. Infinitives:
    -Present Passive
    --All conjugations except 3rd merely change the final e of the Present Active Infinitive to an i. 3rd Conjugation replaces the ending -ere of the Present Active Infinitive with an i.
  22. Infinitives:
    -Perfect Active
    --All conjugations add -isse to the Perfect Stem.
  23. Infinitives:
    -Perfect Passive
    --All conjugations simply add the Present Infinitive of sum (esse) to the 4th Prinicipal Part of the verb (the Perfect Passive Participle).
  24. Infinitives:
    -Future Active
    --All conjugations simply add esse to the Future Active Participle.
  25. Participles:
    -Present Active
    --1st and 2nd Conjugations simply add -ns to the Present Stem. 3rd & 4th add -ens to the Present Stem. 3rd -io verbs add -iens.
  26. Participles:
    -Perfect Passive
    --The 4th Principal Part of a verb.
  27. Participles:
    -Future Active
    --All conjugations add -ur to the Participial Stem (the 4th Principal Part minus the gender/case endings), then add back the gender/case endings.
  28. Participles:
    -Future Passive
    --1st and 2nd Conjugations add nd to the Present Stem, then the gender/case endings. 3rd & 4th add end to the Present Stem, then the gender/case endings. 3rd -io adds iend to the Present Stem and the gender/case endings.

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