Bio/Chem Terms

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nglngl
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48066
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Bio/Chem Terms
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2010-11-09 23:34:03
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Bio Chem Terms
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Bio/Chem Terms
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  1. one of about 20 small molecules that are building blocks of proteins
    Amino Acids
  2. a substance produced by bacterium, fungus, or other organism that battles infections by killing bacteria and halting their growth
    Antibiotic
  3. a condition where ones immune system reacts against own tissues
    Autoimmunity
  4. a virus that infects or lyses bacteria
    Bacteriophage
  5. one of a large varied class of microscopic, single-celled organisms; cause disease and help in digestion
    Bacterium
  6. richness of variety of life forms in a given environment
    Biodiversity
  7. smallest unit capable of living independently, usually bounded by a membrane
    Cell
  8. fatty substance in tissues, produced in liver in humans, found in butter, eggs and meat
    Cholesterol
  9. one of the rod like structures in nuclei that holds genetic information
    Chromosome
  10. process of copying a piece of DNA to allow it to be sequenced
    Cloning
  11. chemical substance that carries genetic information
    DNA
  12. independent community of living organisms and their climate and geographical habitat
    Ecosystem
  13. protein that promotes a chemical reaction in the body
    Enzyme
  14. one of a group of horomones that promote development of secondary female sex characteristics and reproductive system
    Estrogen
  15. single or multi celled organism whose cells have a distinct nuclei
    Eukaryote
  16. process of gradual change that occurs a species adapt to environment
    Evolution
  17. portion of DNA molecule that provides the blueprint for the assambly of proteins
    Gene
  18. collection of total diversity of genes in an interbreeding population
    Gene pool
  19. treatment where scientists try to implant genes into a persons cells so that they can develop proteins that the person lacks
    Gene therapy
  20. process of determining the order of subunits within a gene or all the genes in an organism
    Gene sequencing
  21. complete set of an organisms genetic material
    Genome
  22. substance seceted in one part of an organism that regulates functioning of other tissues or organs
    Horomone
  23. process of cell division that results in gametes, which contain half of the chromosomes
    Meiosis
  24. the sum of the body's chemical processes providing energy for vital functions and making new material available for synthesization
    Metabolism
  25. the process in which a cell devides its nucleus and other cell materials to duplicate
    Mitosis
  26. a nerve cell, found in the brain and spinal cord
    Neuron
  27. the center of an atom, or portion of a cell that contains genetic information
    Nucleus
  28. living entity, capable of growth, metabolism and usually reproduction
    Organism
  29. observible properties and characteristics of an organism arising at least in part of its genetic make up
    Phenotype
  30. chemical secreted in by an animal to influence the behavior of other members of the species
    Pheromone
  31. phenomenon where patients show improvement when given fake medicine
    Placebo effect
  32. single celled organism that doesn't have a distinct nucleus
    Prokaryote
  33. complex molecule of one or more chains of amino acids
    Protein
  34. complex molecule similar to DNA but is single-stranded
    RNA
  35. population of organisms that breed with each other in nature to produce fertile offspring
    Species
  36. cell that can give rise to other types of cells
    Stem cell
  37. type of horomone that freely enters cells
    Steriod
  38. a horomone that develops and maintains male sexual characteristics
    Testosterone
  39. microscopic, often disease causing organism made of genetic material surrounded by a protein shell
    Virus
  40. class of compound in contrast to base, sour, turn litmus paper red/pink, donate protons in chemical reactions
    Acid
  41. substance that yields hydrogen ions in water, bitter, turn litmus paper blue
    Base
  42. extremely strong, thin fiber made by pyrolyzing synthetic fibers
    Carbon Fiber
  43. group of industrial chemicals that contains chlorine, fluorine and carbon
    Clorofluorocarbon
  44. substance that can't be decomposed into a simplier substance
    Element
  45. atom with same number of protons but different number of neutrons than others of the same element
    Isotope
  46. basic unit of chemical compound
    Molecule
  47. helium, argon, neon, krypton, radon, and xenon
    Noble Gases
  48. transfer of fluid from a high concentration to a lower concentration
    Osmosis
  49. any of the possible stages of matter
    Phase
  50. huge molecule made up of many repeating molecules
    Polymer
  51. neutral compound produced by the reaction of an acid with a base
    Salt

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