Medical Terminology

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brianburke911
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48077
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Medical Terminology
Updated:
2010-11-08 00:00:11
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Medical terminology digestive system
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Medical Terminology Chapter 6 Digestive system
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  1. GI
    gastrointestinal system
  2. an/o
    anus
  3. anal
    pertaining to the anus
  4. append/o
    appendix
  5. appendic/o
    appendix
  6. appendectomy
    excision of the appendix
  7. appendicitis
    inflammation of the appendix
  8. cholecyst/o
    gallbladder
  9. cholecystectomy
    excision of the gallbladder
  10. col/o
    colon
  11. colon/o
    colon
  12. colectomy
    excision of the colon
  13. colonoscopy
    visual examination of the colon
  14. dent/o
    teeth
  15. dental
    pertaining to the teeth
  16. duoden/o
    duodenum
  17. duodenoscopy
    visual examination of the duodenum
  18. enter/o
    small intestines
  19. enteritis
    inflammation of the small intestines
  20. esophag/o
    esophagus
  21. esophagostenosis
    narrowing of the esophagus
  22. gastr/o
    stomach
  23. gastralagia
    stomach pain
  24. hepat/o
    liver
  25. hepatitis
    inflammation of the liver
  26. ile/o
    ileum
  27. ileotomy
    incision into the ileum
  28. jejun/o
    jejunum
  29. jejunostomy
    mouthlike opening into the jejunum
  30. lingu/o
    tongue
  31. gloss/o
    tongue
  32. sublingual
    pertaining to beneath the tongue
  33. glossospasm
    spasm of the tongue
  34. lapar/o
    abdomen, abdominal wall
  35. laparoscope
    an endoscope designed for visual examination of the abdominal cavity
  36. or/o
    mouth
  37. stomat/o
    mouth, mouthlike opening
  38. oral
    pertaining to the mouth
  39. stomatitis
    inflammation of the mouth
  40. pancreat/o
    pancreas
  41. pancreatitis
    inflammation of the pancreas
  42. pharyng/o
    pharynx
  43. pharyngeal
    pertaining to the pharynx
  44. proct/o
    • rectum
    • anus
  45. proctoscopy
    visual examination of the rectum and anus
  46. rect/o
    rectum
  47. rectal
    pertaining to the rectum
  48. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid colon
  49. sigmoidoscope
    instrument used to examin the sigmoid colon
  50. Abd
    abdomen
  51. BRP
    bathroom privlages
  52. BM
    bowel movement
  53. c- = c with a line over the top
    with
  54. c/o
    complain(s,t) of
  55. CA
    cancer
  56. Dx
    diagnosis
  57. EGD
    esophagogastroduodenoscopy
  58. ERCP
    endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  59. GERD
    gastroesophageal reflux disease
  60. hr, h
    hour
  61. IBD
    inflammatory bowel disease
  62. LFT
    liver function test
  63. IBS
    irritable bowel syndrome
  64. NG
    nasogastric
  65. N&V
    nausea and vomiting
  66. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  67. PO
    by mouth
  68. PR
    per rectum
  69. PUD
    peptic ulcer disease
  70. q
    every
  71. SBO
    small bowel obstruction
  72. s- = s with a line over the top
    without
  73. UGI
    upper gastrointestinal
  74. VS
    vital signs
  75. ascites
    accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal (abdominal) cavity
  76. bowel obstruction
    a partial or complete blockage of the small or large intestine; commmon causes include volvulus, intussusception, tumors, and adhesions (scar tissue)
  77. cirrhosis
    a chronic liver disease characterized by scarring and loss of normal structure
  78. diverticulosis
    a condition in which small pouches (diverticula) form in the intestinal wall, due to increased pressure
  79. diverticulitis
    when one or more diverticula become inflamed
  80. emesis
    vomiting
  81. hernia
    the protrusion of a structure through the wall that normally contains it
  82. intussusception
    the slipping or telescoping of a portion of the bowel into itself
  83. irritable bowel syndrome
    chronic condition characterized by alternating episodes of constipation and diarrhea
  84. jaundice
    a condition marked by yellow staining of the body tissues and fluids as a result of excessive levels of bilirubin in the blood
  85. peptic ulcer
    an inflamed lesion in the gastric or duodenal lining
  86. volvulus
    a twisting of the bowel upon itself, causing obstruction
  87. ulcerative colitis
    chronic inflammatory disease of the lining of the colon marked by up to 20 liquid bloody stools per day
  88. Crohn's disease
    an inflammatory bowel disease marked by patches of full-thickness inflammation anywhere in the GI tract
  89. a-
    without, absence of
  90. circum-
    around
  91. dys-
    painful, difficult
  92. hyper-
    excessive, above normal
  93. hypo-
    below normal, beneath
  94. sub-
    below normal, beneath
  95. micro-
    small
  96. peri-
    near, surrounding
  97. -al
    pertaining to
  98. -ic
    pertaining to
  99. -algia
    pain
  100. -dynia
    pain
  101. -ectomy
    excision, surgical removal
  102. -emesis
    vomitiong
  103. -itis
    inflammation
  104. -kinesia
    movement
  105. -lith
    stone
  106. -logist
    specialist in the study of
  107. -logy
    study of
  108. -malacia
    softening
  109. -megaly
    enlargement
  110. -oma
    tumor
  111. -osis
    abnormal condition
  112. -paresis
    slight or partial paralysis
  113. -pathy
    disease
  114. -pepsia
    digestion
  115. -phagia
    eating, swallowing
  116. -phasia
    speech
  117. -phoria
    feeling
  118. -plasty
    surgical repair
  119. -plegia
    paralysis
  120. -rrhea
    flow, discharge
  121. -scope
    intrument to view
  122. -scopy
    visual inspection
  123. -stenosis
    narrowing, stricture
  124. -stomy
    mouthlike opening
  125. -tomy
    cutting into, incision
  126. -tripsy
    crushing
  127. -trophy
    nourishment or growth

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