Medical Terminology OFT 140

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Author:
r13wolf
ID:
48129
Filename:
Medical Terminology OFT 140
Updated:
2010-11-10 10:39:10
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Chapter Thirteen Ear
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Description:
Symptomatic & Diagnostic Terms
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  1. Otalgia
    • symptomatic
    • - earache
  2. Otodynia
    • symptomatic
    • - earache
  3. Otorrhagia
    • symptomatic
    • - bleeding from the ear
  4. Otorrhea
    • symptomatic
    • - purulent drainage from the ear
  5. Tinnitus
    • symptomatic
    • - - a jingling
    • - ringing or buzzing in the ear
  6. Vertigo
    • symptomatic
    • - a turning around
    • - dizziness
  7. Otitis Externa
    • diagnostic (external ear)
    • - inflammation of th external auditory meatus (canal)
  8. Cerumen Impaction
    • diagnostic (external ear)
    • - excessive buildup of wax in the ear
  9. Myringitis
    (Tympanitis)
    • diagnostic (middle ear)
    • - inflammation of the the eardrum
  10. Otitis Media
    • diagnostic (middle ear)
    • - inflammation of the middle ear
  11. Aerotitis Media
    • diagnostic (middle ear)
    • - inflammation of the middle ear from changes in the atmospheric pressure
    • - often occurs in frequent air travel
  12. Otosclerosis
    • diagnostic (middle ear)
    • - hardening of the bony tissue in the ear
  13. Mastoiditis
    • diagnostic (middle ear)
    • - inflammation of the mastoid process
    • - most commonly seen as a result of the spread of inflammation & infection in the otitis media
  14. Eustachian Obstruction
    • diagnostic (middle ear)
    • - blockage of the eustachian tube usually as a result of infection, as in otitis media
  15. Acoustic Neuroma
    • diagnostic (inner ear)
    • - benign tumor on the auditory nerve (8th cranial nerve)
    • - signs/symptoms: vertigo, tinnitus, & hearing loss
  16. Aplasia
    • diagnostic (inner ear)
    • - condition of absence or malformation of inner ear structures during embryonic development, resulting in hearing loss
  17. Labyrinthitis
    • diagnostic (inner ear)
    • - inflammation of the labyrinth
  18. Meniere Disease
    • diagnostic (inner ear)
    • - disorder of the inner ear due to an excessive buildup of endolymphatic fluid
    • - signs/symptoms: vertigo, tinnitus, nausea, vomiting, hearing loss
    • - one or both ears can be affected, & attacks vary in frequency & intensity
  19. Deafness
    • diagnostic (general)
    • - general term for partial or complete hearing loss
  20. Conductive Hearing Loss
    • diagnostic (general)
    • - hearing impairment caused by interference with sound or vibratory energy in the external canal, middle ear, or ossicles
  21. Sensorineural Hearing Loss
    • diagnostic (general)
    • - hearing impairment caused by lesions or dysfunction of the cochlea or auditory nerve
  22. Mixed Hearing Loss
    • diagnostic (general)
    • - combination of sensorineural & conductive hearing loss
  23. Presbyacusis
    (Presbycusis)
    • diagnostic (general)
    • - hearing impairment in old age

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