Skeletal System.txt

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lunchbox
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48297
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Skeletal System.txt
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2010-11-08 21:10:05
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CBC radiology skeletal system
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CBC Radiology Skeletal System
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  1. WHAT COVERS THE OUTSIDE OF BONE WITH THE EXCEPTION OF JOINT SURFACES?
    PERIOSTEUM
  2. ARTICULAR CARTILAGE COVERS?
    JOINTS
  3. THE MAIN SHAFTLIKE PORTION OF BONE IS CALLED?
    DIAPHYSIS
  4. THE END OF A LONG BONE ARE CALLED?
    EPIPHYSES
  5. THE HOLLOW TUBELIKE STRUCTURE WITHIN THE DIAPHYSIS IS CALLED THE?
    MEDULLARY CAVITY
  6. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF ARTICULAR CARTILAGE?
    COVERS BONE AT JOINTS, IT IS A PROTECTIVE CUSION
  7. GROWTH PLATE IS CALLED?
    EPIPHYSEAL PLATE
  8. ENDOOSTEUM?
    COVERING THAT LINES THE MEDULLARY CAVITY
  9. TWO TYPES OF BONE?
    COMPACT: OUTER LAYER WHICH APPEARS DENSE AND STRUCTURELESS, CANCELLOUS BONE:SPONGY MARROW FILLED WITH TRABECULAE
  10. MOST BONES FORM FROM MODELS OF?
    HYALINE CARTILAGE
  11. UNTIL BONE GROWTH IS COMPLETE, THE EPIPHYSIS IS SEPARATED FROM THE DIAPHYSIS BY THE?
    EPIPHYSEAL CARTILAGE (GROWTH PLATE)
  12. WHAT IS THE METAPHYSIS?
    WHERE THE DIAPHYSIS MEETS THE EPIPHYSEAL GROWTH PLATE
  13. BONES GROW IN DIAMETER BY THE COMBINED ACTION OF WHAT TWO CELLS?
    OSTEOBLASTS, OSTEOCLASTS
  14. OSTEOCLAST ____ THE DIAMTER OF THE MEDULLARY CAVITY BY ______ BONE FROM THE DIAPHYSIS WALLS.
    ENLARGE, REMOVING
  15. OSTEOBLASTS FROM THE ________ PRODUCE ______ BONE AROUND THE ______ CIRCUMFERENCE.
    PERIOSTEUM, NEW, OUTER
  16. WHAT CELL EATS BONE? WHAT CELL FORMS BONE?
    OSTEOCLASTS EAT BONE, OSTEOBLASTS FORM BONE
  17. OSSIFICATION?
    BONE FORMATION
  18. RESORPTION?
    BONE DESTRUCTION
  19. ABOUT WHAT AGE DOES THE BONE LOSS OF THE ENDOSTEAL SURFACE EXCEED THE BONE GAIN IN THE OUTER MARGIN?
    APPROX 40
  20. INTRAMEMBRANOUS OSSIFICATION?
    BONES THAT DEVELOP WITHIN A CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANE
  21. THE _____ AND FLAT BONES OF THE _____ HAVE NO CARTILAGINOUS STAGE.
    CLAVICLES, SKULL
  22. FIVE FUNCTIONS OF BONE?
    SUPPORTING FRAMEWORK FOR THE BODY, PROTECT VITAL ORGANS, SERVE AS LEVERS FOR MUSCLES, RED BONE MARROW FOR PRODUCTION OF BLOOD CELLS, STOREHOUSE FOR CALCIUM
  23. OSTEOCLASTS AND OSTEOBLASTS ARE REGULATED BY?
    PTH, PERATHYROID HORMONE
  24. RED MARROW IS CONTAINED IN _____________, SKULL, _____, STERNUM, CLAVICLE, ________, PELVIS.
    END OF LONG BONES, RIBS, VERTEBRAE (FLAT BONES)
  25. YELLOW MARROW FILLS THE ______ _______ OF LONG BONES
    MEDULLARY CAVITY
  26. A LIGAMENT....
    CONNECTS ARTICULATING BONES
  27. A TENDON...
    ATTACHES MUSCLE TO BONE
  28. WHAT ATTACHES MUSCLE TO BONE?
    A TENDON
  29. WHAT CONNECTS ARTICULATING BONES?
    A LIGAMENT
  30. WHAT IS A FLUID FILLED SAC SITUATED NEAR DIARTHRODIAL JOINTS TO REDUCE FRICTION?
    BURSAE
  31. "OSTEO"
    BONE
  32. "CHONDRO"
    CARTILAGE
  33. "MYO"
    MUSCLE
  34. "RHABDO"
    STRIATED MUSCLE
  35. "LAIO"
    SMOOTH MUSCLE
  36. "MYELO"
    SPINAL CORD, BONE MARROW (CENTER)
  37. MINENGES?
    COATING OF THE BRAIN DOWN THROUGH SPINAL CORD
  38. DISEASE? ONE OR MAORE VERTEBRAE FAILT TO FUSE LEAVING AN OPENING IN SPINAL CANAL?
    SPINA BIFIDA
  39. ________ ________ IS ONE THAT HAS CHARACTERISTICS OF VERTEBRAE ON BOTH SIDES OF A MAJOR DIVISION OF THE SPINE
    TRANSITIONAL VERTEBRAE
  40. TRANSITIONAL VERTEBRAE MOST FREQUENTLY OCCURS AT THE ?
    LUMBOSACRAL JUNCTION
  41. DISEASE? A SPLITTING OF THE BONY NEURAL CANAL AT THE L5 OR S1 LEVEL?
    SPINA BIFIDA OCCULTA
  42. WHAT IS SPINA BIFIDA OCCULTA?
    A SPLITTING OF THE BONY NEURAL CANAL AT L5 OR S1
  43. A SLIGHT DIMPLING OF THE SKIN OR A TUFT OF HAIR OVER THIS DEFECT INDICATING THE SITE OF LESION.
    SPINA BIFIDA OCCULTA
  44. MYELOCELE?
    NEURAL TUBE FAILS TO CLOSE, NERVE TISSUE DISORGANIZED, USUALLY FATAL
  45. MENINGOCELE?
    HERNIATION OF THE MENINGES
  46. MYELOMENINGOCELE?
    HERNIATION OF THE MENINGES AND A PORTION OF THE SPINAL CORD
  47. THE DAILY SUPLUMENT _____ _____ IN PRENATAL CARE HAS REDUCED THE NUMBER OF SPINA BIFIDA CASES.
    FOLIC ACID
  48. WHAT IS THE NAME FOR "MARBLE BONES?"
    OSTEOPETROSIS
  49. DISEASE? A RARE HERIDETARY BONE DYSPLASIA IN WHICH FAILURE OF THE RESORPTIVE MECHANISM OF CALCIFIED CARTILAGE INTERFERES WITH THE NORMAL REPLACEMENT OF MATURE BONE.
    OSTEOPETROSIS
  50. _________ RESULTS IN A SYMMETRIC, GENERALIZED INCREASE IN BONE DENSITY.
    OSTEOPETROSIS
  51. "BRITTLE BONES?"
    OSTEOGENESIS IMPERFECTA
  52. DISEASE? INHERITED GENERALIZED DISORDER OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE CHARACTERIZED BY MULTIPLE FRACTURES AND AN UNUSUALLY BLUE COLOR OF THE SCLERA OF THE EYE
    OSTEOGENESIS IMPERFECTA
  53. WHAT IS HYDROCEPHALUS AND WHAT DISEASE IS IT ASSOCIATED WITH?
    ABNORMAL ACCUMULATION OF CSF IN VENTRICLES, MENINGOMYELOCELE
  54. WHY IS OSTEOPETROSIS OFTEN LIFE THREATENING?
    MARROW IS AFFECTED SO IT STOPS PRODUCTION OF RBCs, WBCs, PLATELETS
  55. "CHILD ABUSE" MAY BE CONFUSED WITH _______ _______ DUE TO MULTIPLE FRACTURES IN DIFFERENT STAGES OF HEALING.
    OSTEOGENESIS IMPERFECTA
  56. ACHONDROPLASIA IS THE MOST COMMON FORM OF _____________.
    DWARFISM, DIMINISHED PROLIFERATION OF CARTILAGE IN THE GROWTH PLATE.
  57. CONGENITAL HIP DYSPLASIA RESULTS FROM?
    INCOMPLETE ACETABULUM FORMATION, MORE COMMON IN FEMALES
  58. LOCATION OF VERTEBRAL ANOMALIES?
    LUMBAR, CERVICAL (CERVICAL RIB)
  59. LOCATION OF SPINA BIFIDA?
    CERVICAL, THORACIC, LUMBAR/SACRAL
  60. LOCATION OF OSTEOPETROSIS?
    ENTIRE SKELETON
  61. LOCATION OF OSTEOGENESIS IMPERFECTA?
    LONG BONES
  62. OSTEOPOROSIS?
    LOSS OR THINNING OF BONE TISSUE DUE TO CALCIUM REABSORPTION. BONE BECOMES POROUS WHICH MAKES IT FRAGILE
  63. OSTEOPOROSIS IS RELATED (IN SOME CASES) TO THE DECREASE IN ________.
    ESTROGEN
  64. TO VISUALIZE OSTEOPOROSIS ON A RADIOGRAPH, A PATIENT MUST HAVE A ____-____% DECREASE IN BONE MASS.
    50-70%
  65. "PICTURE FRAME PATTERN" DESCRIBES WHAT DISEASE?
    OSTEOPOROSIS
  66. TWO HIGHLY SPECIALIZED CONNECTIVE TISSUES IN THE SKELETAL SYSTEM ARE?
    BONE AND CARTILAGE
  67. TWO MAJOR TYPES OF BONE ARE?
    COMPACT AND CANCELLOUS
  68. TWO MEMBRANES ASSOCIATED WITH BONE ARE?
    PERIOSTEUM AND ENDOSTEUM
  69. CALLCELLOUS BONE APPEARS AS ________ ON THE RADIOGRAPH IMAGE.
    TRABECULAE
  70. LINEAR BONE GROWTH OCCURS AT THE ______________.
    EPIPHYSEAL PLATE
  71. THE TERM FOR BONE FORMATION IS?
    OSSIFICATION
  72. THE TERM FOR BONE DESTRUCTION IS?
    RESORPTION
  73. THE SKULL AND FLAT BONES DO NOT HAVE A CARTILAGINOUS STAGE IN BONE FORMTATION SO BONE DEVELOPMENT OCCURS THROUGH?
    INTRAMEMBRANOUS OSSIFICATION
  74. A VERTEBRAE THAT HAS CHARACTERISTCS OF THE SPINAL COLUMN ABOVE AND BELOW IS CONSIDERED A ____ VERTEBRAE.
    TRANSITIONAL
  75. A SPLITTING OF THE BONY NEURAL CANAL IS REFERRED TO AS?
    SPINA BIFIDA
  76. MOST COMMON FORM OF DWARFISM DUE TO DIMINSHED PROLIFERATION OF CARTILAGE IN THE GROWTH PLATE IS?
    ACHONDROPLASIA
  77. __________ IS CHARACTERIZED PATHOLOGICALLY BY A LOSS OF JOINT CARTILAGE AND REACTIVE NEW BONE FORMATION.
    OSTEOARTHRITUS
  78. MOST COMMON METABOLIC DISEASE OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM IS?
    PAGET'S DISEASE
  79. A ________ BONE CYST CONTAINS NUMEROUS BLOOD-FILLED ARTERIOVENOUS COMMUNICATIONS
    ANEURYSMAL
  80. THE CONTINOUS EXTERNAL BRIDGE OF CALCIUM DEPOSIT THAT EXTENDS ACROSS A FRACTURE LINE IS CALLED A?
    CALLUS
  81. A FRACTURE THAT HEALS IN A FAULTY POSITION RESULTING IN IMPAIRMENT OF MOVEMENT IS CALLED?
    MALUNION
  82. _______ IS A CHRONIC SYSTEMIC DISEASE OF UNKNOWN CAUSE USUALLY OCCURING IN THE SMALL JOINTS OF THE HANDS AND FEET.
    RHEUMATOID ARTHRITUS
  83. TERM FOR BONE FORMATION FROM CARTILAGE?
    OSSIFICATION
  84. TERM FOR CONNECTIVE TISSUE BONE FORMATION?
    INTRAMEMBRANOUS OSSIFICATION
  85. DENSE STRUCTURELESS OUTER BONE?
    COMPACT BONE
  86. END OF THE SHAFT WHERE THE BONE FLARES AND BECOMES THE EPIPHYSIS?
    METAPHYSIS
  87. ENDS OF LONG BONES WHERE GROWTH OCCURS?
    EPIPHYSIS
  88. FIBROUS MEMBRANCE THAT COVERS THE OUTER SURFACE OF BONE?
    PERIOSTEUM
  89. MEMBRANE THAT LINES THE MEDULLARY CAVITY
    ENDOSTEUM
  90. PORTION OF BONE WHERE BLOOD PRODUCTION OCCURS
    MEDULLARY CAVITY
  91. RESORBING BONE CELL ENLARGING THE DIAMTER OF THE MEDULLARY CAVITY?
    OSTEOCLAST
  92. SHAFTLIKE PORTION OF BONE?
    DIAPHYSIS
  93. TRABECULAE ARE CONTAINED IN?
    CANCELLOUS BONE
  94. DISEASE? "COTTON WOOL" SKULL APPEARANCE
    PAGETS
  95. PATHOLOGY? A CLEFT IN THE PARS INTERARTICULARIS BETWEEN THE SUPERIOR AND INFERIOR ARTICULAR PROCESS IN THE VERTEBRAE?
    SPONDYLOLYSIS
  96. PATHOLOGY? DEPOSIT OF URIC ACID IN THE JOINT
    GOUT
  97. PATHOLOGY? A MALIGNANT TUMOR OF CARTILAGINOUS ORIGIN THAT MAY ORIGINATE ANEW OR WITHIN A PREEXISTING CARTILAGINOUS LESION?
    CHONDROSARCOMA
  98. PATHOLOGY? ABNORMAL DECREASE IN BONE DENSITY DUE TO LACK OF CALCIUM DEPOSITS?
    OSTEOPOROSIS
  99. PATHOLOGY? ARISES IN THE BONE MARROW OF LONG BONES AND AFFECTS YOUNG ADULTS?
    EWING'S SARCOMA
  100. PATHOLOGY? BENIGN BONE PROJECTION WIHT A CARTILAGINOUS CAP?
    OSTEOCHONDROMA
  101. PATHOLOGY? BRITTLE BONE DISEASE?
    OSTEOGENESIS IMPERFECTA
  102. PATHOLOGY? CAUSED BY VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY IN CHILDREN?
    RICKETS
  103. PATHOLOGY? CLASSIC "SUNBURST" PATTERN WITH ELEVATED PERIOSTEUM?
    OSTEOGENIC SARCOMA
  104. PATHOLOGY? DEGENERATIVE ARTHRITIS?
    OSTEOARTHRITIS
  105. PATHOLOGY? FAILURE OF CARTILAGE TO FORM PROPERLY RESULTING IN DWARFISM?
    ACHONDROPLASIA
  106. PATHOLOGY? INFECTION OF THE BONE AND ITS MARROW?
    OSTEOMYELITIS
  107. PATHOLOGY? INFLAMMATION OF THE FLUID-FILLED SAC USUALLY DUE TO REPEATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY?
    BURSITIS
  108. PATHOLOGY? LACK OF NEURAL TUBE CLOSURE?
    SPINA BIFIDA
  109. PATHOLOGY? MARBLE BONE DISEASE?
    OSTEOPETROSIS
  110. PATHOLOGY? MOST COMMONLY AFFECTS THE THORACIC AND LUMBAR SPINE WITH POORLY MARGINATED BONE DESTRUCTION OFTEN ASSOCIATED WITH AN ABSCESS?
    POTT'S DISEASE
  111. PATHOLOGY? PROLIFERATION OF FIBROUS TISSUE IN THE MEDULARY CAVITY?
    FIBROUS DYSPLASIA
  112. RUPTURE OF NUCLEUS PULPOSUS MOST FREQUENTLY AT L4-L5?
    HERNIATED NUCLEUS PULPOSUS (HNP)
  113. FRACTURE? BONE RESPONSE TO REPEATED STRESSES?
    STRESS/FATIGUE FRACTURE
  114. FRACTURE? COMPOSED OF MORE THAN TWO FRAGMENTS?
    COMMINUTED
  115. FRACTURE? DISCONTINUITY BETWEEN TWO OR MORE FRAGMENTS?
    COMPLETE
  116. FRACTURE? DISRUPTION OF OVERLYING SKIN?
    OPEN FRACTURE
  117. FRACTURE? ENCIRCLES THE BONE SHAFT?
    SPIRAL FRACTURE
  118. FRACTURE? FRACTURE HEALING PROCESS STOPS?
    NONUNION
  119. FRACTURE? FRAGMENT TORN FROM BONY PROMINENCE?
    AVULSION FRACTURE
  120. FRACTURE? INCOMPLETE FRACTURE WITH THE OPPOSING CORTEX INTACT?
    GREENSTICK FRACTURE
  121. FRACTURE? OCCURS AT A RIGHT ANGLE TO THE LONG AXIS OF BONE?
    TRANSVERSE FRACTURE
  122. FRACTURE? OVERLYING SKIN IS INTACT?
    SIMPLE/CLOSED FRACTURE
  123. FRACTURE? RUNS APPROXIMENTLY 45 DEGREES TO THE BONE?
    OBLIQUE FRACTURE
  124. FRACTURE? SEPARATION OF BONE FRAGMENTS MORE THAN 1CM?
    DISPLACED FRACTURE
  125. FRACTURES? ANKLE DISLOCATION WITH FRACTURED MALLEOLI?
    POTTS FRACTURE
  126. FRACTURES? AVULSION FRACTURE AT THE BASE OF THE FIFTH METATARSAL?
    JONES FRACTURE
  127. FRACTURES? AVULSION FRACTURE OF THE SPINOUS PROCESS?
    CLAY SHOVELERS
  128. FRACTURES? C2 FRACTURE OF THE ARCH, USUALLY ASSOCIATED WITH ANTERIOR SUBLUXATION OF C2-C3?
    HANGMANS
  129. FRACTURES? COMMINUTED FRACTURE OF THE RING OF THE ATLAS?
    JEFFERSONS
  130. FRACTURES? TRANSVERSE FRACTURE OF THE LUMBAR VERTEBRAE?
    SEAT BELT
  131. FRACTURES? TRANSVERSE FRACTURE OF THE NECK OF THE 5TH METACARPAL?
    BOXERS
  132. FRACTURE? TRANSVERSE FRACTURE OF THE WAIST OF THIS CARPAL BONE?
    NAVICULAR
  133. THE EXCESS PROLIFERATION OF FIBROUS TISSUE IN THE MEDULLARY CAVITY?
    FIBROUS DYSPLASIA
  134. THE DISPLACEMENT OF L4-L5 DUE TO SLIPPAGE OF THE INFERIOR AND SUPERIOR INTERVERTEBRAL FACETS IS?
    SPONDYLOLYSIS
  135. A HERNIATION OF THE MENINGES IS?
    A MENINGOCELE
  136. BONE THAT FAILS TO RESORB AND CAUSES A LOSS OF BONE MARROW IS REFERRED TO AS?
    OSTEOPETROSIS
  137. SEVERE OSTEOPOROSIS AND THIN DEFECTIVE CORTICES RESULTING IN MULTIPLE FRACTURES?
    OSTEOGENESIS IMPERFECTA
  138. THE HIP MAY "POP" OUT OF JOINT AND A "CLICK" MAY BE FELT OR HEARD ON CLINICAL EVALUATION IN CHILDREN WITH?
    CONGENTIAL HIP DYSPLASIA
  139. OSTEOCHONDROMAS ARE?
    A GROWTH PARALLEL TO THE LONG AXIS OF THE BONE
  140. A GRADE ONE SPONDYLOLISTHESIS IS DIAGNOSED WHEN THE...?
    FIFTH LUMBAR VERTEBRAE IS DISPLACED FORWARD 1/4 OF THE THICKNESS OF THE SACRUM
  141. THE MODALITY OF CHOICE TO DEMONSTRATE CORTICAL BONE LOSS IN OSTEOPOROSIS IS?
    DEXA SCAN
  142. ENCHONDROMAS ARE?
    SLOW GROWING BENIGN CARTILAGINOUS TUMORS
  143. THE MOST SENSATIVE IMAGING MODALITY TO DEMONSTRATE ISCHEMIC NECROSIS IS?
    MRI
  144. INSUFFICIENT MINERALIZATION OF THE IMMATURE SKELETON CAUSING A CUPPED AND FRAYED METAPHYSIS IN LONG BONES IS?
    RICKETS
  145. THE SPINE CONSISTS OF AN ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR COLUMN. WHEN BOTH COLUMNS ARE DISRUPTED THE INJURY IS CONSIDERED?
    UNSTABLE
  146. IT IS COMMON IN A ______ FRACTURE FOR THE HEALING PROCESS TO STOP AND THE FRAGMENTS TO REMAIN SEPARATE CAUSING A SERIOUS COMPLICATION, POSSIBLY NECROSIS.
    NAVICULAR
  147. THE MALIGNANT BONE TUMOR MOST COMMONLY FOUND IN THE METAPHYSIS OF THE KNEE IS?
    OSTEOGENTIC SARCOMA
  148. ________ CAUSES DESTRUCTION OF THE MEDULLARY CAVITY, PRODUCING AND "ONIONSKIN" PERIOSTEAL REACTION.
    EWINGS SARCOMA
  149. TO EVALUATE AND GRADE SPONDYLOLISTHESIS, THE RADIOLOGIST NEEDS WHAT XRAY VIEWS?
    STANDING LATERAL LUMBAR SPINE
  150. THE COMMON AREAS OF THE BODY RADIOGRAPHED TO DETERMINE BONE AGE IS?
    WRIST, HAND
  151. A BENIGN PROJECTION OF BONE WITH A CARTILAGE-LIKE CAP OCCURING AROUND THE KNEE IN CHILDREN OR ADOLESCENTS IS?
    OSTEOCHONDROMA
  152. IN WHAT TYPE OF FRACTURE IS THE SKIN BROKEN?
    OPEN/COMPOUND FRACTURE
  153. WHAT IS A PATHOLGIC FRACTURE?
    A FRACTURE CAUSED BY A PREEXISTING CONDITION
  154. WHAT IS THE NAME FOR THE FRACTURE THAT CAN OCCUR FROM FALLING ON THE OUTSTRETCHED HAND WHICH INVOLVES THE DISTAL RADIUS?
    COLLES FRACTURE
  155. WHAT IS THE NAME FOR THE FRACTURE THAT INVOLVES BOTH MALLEOLI?
    POTTS FRACTURE
  156. NAME FOR THE FRACTURE THAT USUALLY RESULTS FROM ACUTE HYPEREXTENSION OF THE HEAD ON THE NECK USUALLY AFFECTING C2 AND C3
    HANGMANS
  157. WHAT AREA OF THE SPINE DOES A CLAY SHOVELERS FRACTURE INVOLVE?
    LOWER CERVICAL AND UPPER THORACIC
  158. WHAT MEDICAL TERM REFERS TO A CLEFT IN THE PARS INTERARTICULARIS COMMONLY INVOLVING THE FIFTH LUMBAR VERTEBRA?
    SPONDYLOLYSIS
  159. WHAT PATHOLOGICAL CONDITION SOMETIMES OCCURS AFTER TRAUMA WHERE THERE IS AN INTERUPTION OF BLOOD SUPPLY TO BONE?
    ISCHEMIC NECROSIS
  160. THE FEMORAL HEAD IS THE MOST COMMON SITE OF?
    ISCHEMIC NECROSIS
  161. WHAT IS A OSTEOCLASTOMA?
    GIANT CELL TUMOR
  162. GIANT CELL TUMOR (______) TYPICALLY ARISES AT THE END OF THE _______ OR ___________.
    (OSTEOCLASTOMA) DISTAL FEMUR OR PROXIMAL TIBIA
  163. WHAT PATHOLOGY HAS THE RADIOGRAPHIC APPEARANCE OF MULTIPLE LARGE BUBBLES SEPARATED BY THIN BONE STRIPES?
    GIANT CELL TUMOR (OSTEOCLASTOMA)
  164. PATHOLOGY? THE LONG AXIS OF THIS TUMOR CHARACTERISTICALLY RUNS PARALLEL TO THE PARENT BONE AND POINTS AWAY FROM THE NEAREST JOINT?
    OSTEOCHONDROMA
  165. A BONE ISLAND CAN APPEAR IN EVERY BONE EXCEPT?
    THE SKULL
  166. PATHOLOGY? WHAT IS A DESRUCTIVE LESION WITH IRREGULAR PERIOSTEAL REACTION THAT HAS A CLASSIC SUNBURST APPEARANCE?
    OSTEOGENIC SARCOMA
  167. _____ ______ HAS THE CLASSIC APPEARANCE OF AN ILL-DEFINED PERMEATIVE AREA OF BONE DESTRUCTION INVOLVING A LARGE CENTRAL PORTION OF A LONG BONE. PERIOSTEUM HAS AN ONION SHAPPED APPEARANCE.
    EWINGS SARCOMA
  168. WHAT PATHOLOGY PRODUCES THE CLASSIC CLINICAL SYMPTOM OF LOCAL PAIN THAT IS WORSE AT NIGHT AND RELIEVED BY ASPRIN. MOST OFTEN FOUND IN THE FEMUR ADN TIBIA IN YOUNG TEENS AND ADULTS
    OSTEOID OSTEOMA
  169. FRACTURE: BOTH CORTICES ARE BROKEN?
    COMPLETE
  170. FRACTURE: ONLY ONE CORTEX BROKEN?
    INCOMPLETE
  171. TWO COMMON FRACTURE IN CHILDREN?
    GREENSTICK AND TORUS(BUCKLE)
  172. FRACTURE? ELONGATED TRIANGULAR SHAPED?
    BUTTERFLY FRACTURE
  173. FRACTURE? VERTEBRAL BODIES WEDGESHAPED?
    COMPRESSION FRACTURE
  174. VALGUS?
    BENT OUTWARD
  175. VARUS?
    BENT INWARD
  176. VARUS AND VALGUS ARE USED TO DESCRIBE _________ ______ ANGULATION FROM FRACTURE OR DISEASE
    FEMORAL NECK
  177. VARGUS ______ THAN 135 DEGREES (135=NORMALANGULATION)
    GREATER
  178. VARUS ______ THAN 135 DEGREES (135=NORMAL ANGULATION)
    LESS
  179. MOST COMMON TRANSVERSE FRACTURE?
    BASE OF 5TH METATARSAL
  180. POTTS FRACTURE?
    BI-MALLEOLAR AVULSION OF MEDIAL MALLEOLUS
  181. WHAT ARE THE 3 TYPES OF HIP FRACTURES?
    INTRACAPSULAR-WITHIN HEAD/NECK OF FEMUR, INTERTROCHANTERIC-BETWEEN THE TROCHANTERS, SUBTROCHANTERIC- BELOW THE LESSER TROCHANTER
  182. WHAT TYPE OF HIP FRACTURE IS THE MOST DIFFICULT TO HEAL?
    INTRACAPSULAR
  183. _____% OF SHOULDER DISLOCATIONS ARE _________.
    95% ANTERIOR
  184. MOST POSTERIOR SHOULDER DISLOCATIONS ARE DUE TO _______.
    SESURES
  185. ____-___% OF HIP LOCATIONS ARE _______.
    85-90% POSTERIOR
  186. MOST COMMON CAUSE OF HIP DISLOCATIONS?
    MVA
  187. COMMUNTED FRACTURE OF THE RING OF THE ATLAS (C1)?
    JEFFERSONS FRACTURE
  188. FRACTURE OF THE ARCH OF C2 WITH SUBLUXATION OF C2 ON TOP OF C3
    HANGMANS FRACTURE
  189. MOST COMMON CAUSE OF HANGMANS FRACTURE?
    MVA
  190. ANATOMY OF A DISK, OUTTER CARTILAGE? INNER PORTION?
    ANNULUS FIBROSIS, NUCLEUS PULPOSUS
  191. MOST COMMON SITES FOR HNP?
    C5/C6, C6/C7, T9-T12, L4/L5, L5/S1
  192. (PRIMARY/SECONDARY) ________ METASTATIC TUMORS ARE MORE COMMON THAN _____ BONE TUMORS.
    SECONDARY, PRIMARY
  193. SECONDARY BONE METASTASIS COME FROM WHAT PRIMARY SITES?
    PROSTATE, BREAST, STOMACH

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