Card Set Information
the sum total of the typical ways of acting, thinking, and feeling that makes each person different from other people
Relatively enduring patterns of behavior (thinking, acting, & feeling) that are relatively cnsistent across situations.
Freud's theory that the origin of personality lies in the balance among the id, the ego, and the superego.
That portion of the mind of which one is presently aware
That portion of the mind containing information that is not presently conscious but can be easily brought into consciousness
The part of the mind of which we can neverbe directly aware; The storehouse of primitive instinctual motives and of memories and emotions taht have been repressed
Sigmund Freud's theory that unpleasant information is often pushed into unconsciousness without our being aware of it.
acording to freud, the inborn part of the unconsciousness mind that uses the primary process to satisfy its needs and that acts according to the pleasure principle.
the energy of the life instincts of sex, hunger, and thirst.
according to freud, the attempt of the id to seek immediate pleasure and avoid pain, regardless of how harmful it might be to others.
Primary Process Thinking
According to Freud, the attempt by the id to satisfy its needs by forming a wish-fulfilling mental image of the desired object.
According to Freud, that part of the mind that uses the reality principle to satisfy the id
According to Freud, the attempt by the ego to find safe, realistic ways of meeting the needs of the id.
According to Freud, that part of the mind that opposes the desires of the id by enforcing moral restrictions and by striving to attain perfection
According to Freud, the moral inhibitions of the superego
According to Freud, the standard of perfect conduct of the superego.
a defense mechanism in which the individual directs aggresive or sexual feelings away from the primary object to someone or something safe.
According to Freud, a form of displacement in which a socially desirable goal is substituted for a socially harmful goal; best form of displacement for society as a whole.
The tendency to base one's identity and actions on individuals who are successful in gaining satisfaction from life.
A part of the body that releases sexual energy when stimulated
in the personality theory of Sigmund Freud, developmental periods during which the sexual energy of the ids find different sources of satisfaction
According to Freud, the first psychosexual stage (from birth to one year), in which id gratification is focused on the mouth.
Oral Dependent Personality
Personality type in which the person seeks pleasure through overeating, smoking, and other oral means.
Oral aggressive personality
Personality type in which the person seeks pleasure by being verbally hostile to others
According to Freud, second psychosexual stage (from 1 to 3yrs), in which gratification is focused on the anus.
Personality type based on anal fixation, in which the person is stingy, obstinate, stubborn, and compulsive
personality type based on anal fixation in which the person is creul, pushy, messy, and disorderly.
According to Freud, 3rd psychosexual stage (from 3 to 6yrs), in which gratification is focused on the genitals
According to Freud, unconscious wish of all male children to kill their fathers and sexually posses their mothers
According to Freud, the fear of a young boy that his father will punish his sexual desire for his mother by removing his genitals
According to Freud, transfer of a young girl's sexual desires from her mother to her father after she discovers she has no penis.
According to Freud, desire of a girl to posses a penis
personality type caused by fixation in the phallic stage in which the person is selfish, impulsive, and lacking in genuine feeling for others.
According to Freud, 4th psychosexual stage (from 6 to 11yrs), during which sexual energy is sublimated and converted into socially valued activities.
According to Freud, the psychosexual stage (from 11yrs to adulthood), in which sexual and romantic interest is directed towards one's peers.
According to Jung, tendency of some individuals to be friendly and open to the world
According to Jung, tendency of some individuals to be shy and to focus their attention on themselves
According to Jung, The motives,conflicts, and information thata re repressed by a person because they are threatening to that individual
According to Jung, content of unconscious mind with which all humans are born
Feelings of Inferiority
According to Adler, feelings that result from children being less powerful then adults that must be overcome during the development of the healthy personality.
Social Learning Theory
viewpoint that the most important parts of of our behavior are learned from other persons in society-family, friends, and culture.
Bandura's observation that the individuals behavior and social learning enviroment continually influence one another
According to Bandura, perception of being capable of acheiving ones goals.
According to Bandura, process of cognitively reinforcing and punishing our own behavior, depending on whether it meets our personal standards
the view that behavior is not consistent but is strongly influenced by different situations.
Person x situation interactionism
view that behavior is influeced by a combination of the characteristics of both the person and the situation
Psychological view that human beings posses an innate tendency to improve and to determine their lives through the decisions they make.
force that humanists believe all people possess that internally leads them to gro and improve
each persons unique perception of reality that, according to humanists, plays a key role in organizing our personalities.
our subjective perception of who we are and what we are like
according to humanists, the person one thinks one is.
according to humanists, the person one wishes one was
In rogers theory, the process of representing experience, thoughts, or feelings, in mental symbols of which we are aware.
Conditions of worth
standards used by others or ourselves in judging our worth
According to Maslow, the seldom-reached full result of the inner-directed drive of humans to grow, improve, and use their potential to the fullest.
Subjective method of personality assesment that involves questioning techniques designed to reveal the personality of a client
Methods of personality assesments that involve watching a person's actual behavior in a natural or simulated situation
test that uses ambiguosstimuli designed to reveal the contents of the clients unconscious mind