Parenting Chapters 8-11
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Parenting Chapters 8-11
whittington parenting exam
chapters 8-11, Parenting
What ages are considered early childhood?
What are children learning about socialization and roles?
child now feels pressure to conform to socially acceptable behavior and to follow rules
children learn to separate from parents
time when social roles and fam. interaction are learned for first time
children learn what to expect of others and vice versa
learn what about parents rules
What developmental stages are they in?
: initiative versus guilt
Describe intuitive though in children this age
children make judgements and reach conclusions based on limited understanding of operations and rules
-appearance and reality
what is gender identity and how is it shaped?
individual's personal experience of what it means to be a boy or a girl, woman or man.
physical, social, psychological factors contribute
what is gender schema and how is it shaped?
an organized body of knowledge of what it means to be a boy or girl
what do parents typically respond to when discipline problems arise?
distress rather than comfort
Under what conditions does defiance occur most often?
Describe language development
10,000 words by 6 years
learning average of 5.5 words/day
promote verbal skills by:
talk a lot
refer to many topics
use variety of words
give children positive feedback about behaviors
what effect does teasing, sarcasm, and name calling have on children?
damages healthy self-esteem
causes confusion about how people communicate
How is social development defined?
process by which children are taught to conform to social rules, to acquire personal values and develop attitudes and behaviors typical or representative of their cultural environment
What are some things to know about sexuality for preschool aged children?
capable of sexual arousal
sex play- ages 4-6
parents primary source of sexual socialization
can understand mother's role in reproduction
How do most first-borns feel about being a sibling and what might occur as a result?
difficult time adjusting to new baby
hierarchy based on who has most social power
How do parents promote good sleep habits?
allow child time to relax and wind down
parents should develop regular bedtime rituals and routines
develop policy of "once in bed, stay in bed"
What is elimination and what are possible causes, treatments, etc?
regression in toilet training or bed wetting
delayed elimination training
desire to gain parental attention after new baby
symptoms of stress to family events or change in routines
behavior modification- charts, positive reinforcements
Compare night mares to night terrors
night mares wake you up
night terrors are when you are asleep
what are two types of tantrum?
manipulative tantrum- aim to control others
temperamental tantrum- out of control, calm child and discuss problem
How can parents handle sibling rivalry?
How can parents handle highly active children?
How can parents decrease aggression?
What sort of eating problems do we see at this age?