Psyc Exam 3 Abnormal ch 10

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jax12
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48366
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Psyc Exam 3 Abnormal ch 10
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2010-12-02 01:43:01
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Psyc Exam Abnormal
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Psyc Exam 3 Abnormal ch 10
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  1. psychosis
    a severe mental condition characterized by a loss of contact with reality
  2. delusion
    a false belief
  3. hallucination
    • a false sensory perception
    • e.g. seeing things, hearing things, tasting things
  4. schizophrenia
    severe disorder with disorganization in thought perception and behavior
  5. dementia praecox
    • original name for schizophrenia by Kraepelin
    • disturbances of perceptual and cognitive faculties (dementia)
    • early life onset (praecox) -not dementia from old age-
  6. positive symptoms
    • symptoms including unusual thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that vary in intensity, and may be responsive to treatment
    • exaggerations of normal thoughts, feelings, behaviors
  7. persecutory delusions
    beliefs that someone is persecuting the patient or that the individual is a special agent/individual
  8. delusions of influence
    belief that your thoughts are controlled by others
  9. loose associations
    thoughts that have little or no connection to the next thought
  10. thought blocking
    ususually long pauses in speech that occur in a conversation
  11. clang associations
    speech with mostly words that sounds alike rather than words that have meaning
  12. catatonia
    person is awake but nonresponsive to external stimulation
  13. waxy flexibility
    condition in which parts of the body will remain frozen in a posture when positioned by another person
  14. negative symptoms
    • behaviors, emotions, or thought processes that exist in people without a psychiatric disorder but are absent (or greatly diminished) in people with schizophrenia
    • less than normal behavior, emotion, thought
  15. blunted affect
    diminished or immobile facial expressions and flat monotone voice that doesn't change even when discussing emotional topics
  16. anhedonia
    • lack of capacity for pleasure
    • not feeling joy or happiness
  17. avolition
    inability to initiate or follow thought on plans
  18. alogia
    decreased quality and/or quantity of speech
  19. psychomotor retardation
    slowed mental or physical activities
  20. cognitive impairments
    • visual and verbal learning and memory impairments
    • can't pay attention
    • decreased info processing speed
    • impaired abstract reasoning
  21. echolalia
    repeating verbatim what others say
  22. early onset schizophrenia (EOS)
    schiz. that develops in childhood or adolescence usu. before 18
  23. brief psychotic disorder
    sudden onset of any psychotic symptom that may resolve after one day and doesn't last for more than a month
  24. schizophreniform disorder
    schizophrenia only it lasts less than 6 months and symptoms cause less impairment in social or occupational functioning
  25. schizoaffective disorder
    schizophrenia with major depressive, manic or mixed episode disorder at some point in the illness
  26. delusional disorder
    person has nonbizarre delusion, no other psychotic symptoms and few changes in overall functioning other than behavior surrounding the delusion
  27. shared psychotic disorder
    • two or more people who have a close relationship share the same delusional belief
    • folie a deux
  28. dopamine hypothesis
    theory that a cause of schizophrenia is the presence of too much dopamine in the neural synapses
  29. synaptic pruning
    weaker synaptic contacts in the brain are eliminated and stronger connections are further strengthened
  30. expressed emotion
    describes the level of emotional involvement and critical attitudes that exist within the family of a patient with schizophrenia
  31. gene-environment correlation
    same person who provides a patients genetic makeup also provides the environment in which that person lives
  32. antipsychotics
    class of medications that block dopamine receptors at neuron receptor sites
  33. conventional or typical antipsychotics
    medications that reduce positive symptoms of schiz. but produce serious side effects
  34. tardive dyskinesia
    neurological condition of abnormal and involuntary motor movements of the face, mouth, limbs, and trunk
  35. atypical antipsychotics
    • medications that effectively treat positive symptoms
    • much less likely to produce tardive dyskinesia
    • have some effect on negative symptoms and cognitive impairments
  36. psychoeducation
    patient and families are educated about the idsorder in order to reduce familial destress and equip them to work effectively with the patient

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