Card Set Information

2010-11-09 21:10:17

Diversity 4-7
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  1. This term refers to a practice of acculturation that seeks to merge small ethnic and linguistically diverse communities into a single dominant national culture
  2. This is a personal preference that prevents one from making a fair judgement
  3. this is differential treatment based on unfair categorization. It is denial of justice prompted by prejudice. When we act on our prejudices, we engage in discrimination. Discrimination often involves keeping people out of activities or places because of the group to which they belong
  4. This is an entity that is distinguished by commonalities--including shared beliefs, common origins, and shared activities--but which is also part of a multicultural or diverse society
    Ethnic Group
  5. This refers to how members of a group perceive themsleves and how they are in turn perceived by others.
  6. describes a group of people within a larger society that is socially distinguished or set apart by others and or by itself, primarily on the basis of racial and or cultural characteristics. Such characteristics may include religion, language, and tradition. Beliefs about own group tend to be similar to and more postitice than the beliefs of those outside the group
  7. One's nationality is not necessarily tied to one's culture, ethnicity, or race. simply refers to the country where a person was born
  8. Although this term should simply be used to describe a subset within a population, it often connotes inferior or lesser status in comparison to the majoirty. Often is a sociological term referring to a social group that occupies a subordinate position in a society.
  9. This is a set of rigid and unfavorable attitudes toward a particular group which is formed in disregard of facts. Usually an unsupported judgment accompanied by disapproval. This is a learned concept, not innate.
  10. This is an anthropological concept used to divide humankind into categories based on physical characteristics of size and shape of the head, eyes, ears, lips, and nose and the color of skin and eyes. Never scientifically been equated with any mental characteristics such as intelligence, personality, or character
  11. This is the belief that one's own race is superior to another. This belief is based on the erroneous assumption that physical attributes of a racial group determien their social behavior as well as their psychological and intellectual racteristics
  12. This refers to the deliberate policy of blaming an individual or group when the fault actually lies elsewhere. It means blaming another group or individual for things they did not really do. these people become objects of our aggressioon in work and deed. Prejudicial attitudes and discriminatory acts often lead to this. Members of disliked groups are denied employment, housing, political rights, or social privileges. Can lead to verbal and physical violence, including death.
  13. This is a preconceived or oversimplified generalization involving beliefs about a particular group. Negative generalization involving beliefs about a particular group. Frequently the foundation of prejudice. The danger is that it ignores people as individuals and instead categorizes them as members of a group who all think and behave the same way. We may pickthem up from what we hear, read and other's beliefs. As a group becomes more distinctive in character a consensus develops regarding this
  14. This is an entity distinguished by commanlities. Has now been replaced by the tern ethnic group which is used as an expression of diversity both witin and across modern nation state boundaries
  15. T/F Americanization and melting pot refer to the same phenomenon
  16. T/F Ethnicity is primarily a product of perception
  17. T/F Ethnicity and Language are not related
  18. T/F The genetic difference between two French women is greater than the difference between a French woman and a Spanish woman
  19. T/F Human Races are constantly changing and evolving
  20. T/F There are only five genetically pure races in the world today
  21. T/F There are as many as 2,000 completely distinct races
  22. T/F Humans have always divided themselves into racial categories
  23. T/F The concepts of race and culture are inseperable
  24. T/F The gene that governs racial differences has been isolated by scientists
  25. We use racial categories to describe an individual's
    body build
  26. A person's ethnicity has to do with his or her
  27. A personal preference that prevents one from making a fair judgment is called a:
  28. The policy of blaming a person or group when the fault lies elsewhere is:
  29. According to the Census Bureau one's race is determined according to:
    personal preference
  30. The concept of a "minority" is derived from
  31. The concept of race is derived from
  32. This refers to a person who exhibits msculine and feminine qualities, appearances, or behaviors
  33. This is a belief that one gender is superior to the other
  34. This is a broad topic which focses on the role occupied by males, females, and intersexed persons
  35. This is a movement designed to eliminate gender bias and stereotyping in education, sports, and the workplace. it is the set of actions, attitudes, and assumptions that provide opportunities and create expectations about individuals, regardless or gender
    Gender equity
  36. This refers to a (1) real or perveived incongruity between a person's recorded birth sex and that person's present anaatomy, physiology, behavior, manner of dress, or manner of presentation and/or (2) being born of a variant biological sex that does not conform to usual binary male or female biology
    Gender Variance
  37. Sometimes called hermaphrodites, these are individuals whose chromosomal characteristics and or anatomy are neither fully male nor female.
  38. This is a biological and anatomical classification, relating to specific organs of reproduction
  39. This refers to discrimination against a particular gender
  40. This includes, but is not limited to name calling, innuendo, insults, obscene gestures, gender bashing jokes, physical threats, and actual physical violence
    Sexual Harassment
  41. This refers to people whose appearance and behavior do not conform to the cultural norm for the gender into which they were born
  42. This refers to a person who was born on sex but emotionally and psychologically identifies with another sex
  43. T/F The two genders are male and female
  44. T/F All people suffer from gender stereotypes
  45. T/F Men as well as women are victims of gender inequality
  46. T/F One's gender is not necessarily related to one's sexual organs
  47. T/F Cauvinism refers to beliefs while sexism refers to actions
  48. T/F A person born with atypcial karyotypes is called androgynous
  49. T/F a person born with atypical karyotypes is called transexual
  50. Which of the following issues is a concern of the men's movement?
    Child custody rights
    Suicide prevention
    all of these
  51. The belief that one gender is superior to another is called
  52. Gender identity is formed by
    parents, peers and society
  53. This is a term which describes a person born as one sex but who emotionally and psychologically identifies with another sex
  54. a person who has no sexual feelings for either men or women
  55. this is a lable used to describe sexual activities between people of the same and different genders
  56. this is a choice not to participate in sexual activity. Some people practice it to avoid sexually transmitted diseases. Others practice until they find a life parter. Affects one's sexual activity not one's sexual identity
  57. This refers to the process of accepting one's own sexual orientation and telling others about it. This process is often difficult because it involves both personal and social consequences
    Coming Out
  58. This refers to discrimination based upon the assumption that heterosexuality is the only viable or acceptable orientation
  59. This is a lable used to describe sexual activities between people of different genders
  60. This is a dislike or distrust stemming from feelings about a person's sexual orientation or lifestyle
  61. This is a label used to describe suxal activities between people of the same gender
  62. This is an inner sense of oneself as a sexual being, including how one identifies in terms of gender and sexual orientation
    Sexual Identity
  63. This is an outdated term because sexual orientation is no longer commonly considered to be one's conscious individual preference or choice, but is instead thought to be formed by a complicated network of social cultural biological economic and political factors
    sexual perferance
  64. This refers to the gerneral way a person identifies his or her own sexual identity, based upon feelings of attraction toward other people and how one acts upone those attractions
    sexual orientation
  65. T/F Scientists agree that people are born either heterosexual or homosexual
  66. T/F A person's sexual orientation may change over the course of his or her life
  67. T/F Gay men and women may be married to opposite sex partners and have children
  68. T/F women who drive trucks or work for the military are likely to be lesbians
  69. T/F Any literature having to do with sexuality is pornography
  70. T/F The way a person dresses, talks, and behaves can reveal his or her sexual orientation
  71. T/F Some sexual orientations are more "normal" than others
  72. T/F SExual activity and SExual orientation mean the same thing
  73. Which occupation could be typical of a gay man? Truck driver, interior decorator, athelete
    all of the above
  74. This term is not related to sexual orientation but rather with physiology
  75. Pedophiles are males and females who are: homosexual, heterosexual, bisexual
    none of the above
  76. Transvestites wear clothing of the other gender and are predominantly
  77. has to do with faith and trust in the truth. It often refers to faith in the existence of something abstract or intangible
  78. besides being a building for worship it can be a major divisio nof an organized body of believers.- used almost exclusively by people of the Christian religion
  79. This is an earnest and profound belief in something such as religious doctrines
  80. an accepted system of religious belief.
  81. a particular religious group devoted to a particular ideal or leader. usually considered to be unorthodox rligions and are itdentified by their special ceremones and symbols.
  82. a sort of micro culture. A religious subgroup with its own special policies and doctrines
  83. a particular principle taught by a religion
  84. a set of firmly established doctrines authoritatively put forth by a particular group
  85. a belief in God or the teachings of a particular religion. Also used to mean a system of religous beliefs
  86. this group stictlyadheres to generally approved beliefs and customrs
  87. this refers to the act of oppressing, injuring, subjugating, and/or exterminating someone for adhering to a particular religious faith
  88. a basic law or rule at the foundation of a belief system
  89. an institutionalized set of beliefs and practices, often of a moral nature
  90. a religious denomination. often connotes a faction which has deviated from the accepted religious tradition, united under a doctrinal leader
  91. a doctrine that a person or religion holds as true
  92. T/F all faiths share the same underlying religious impulse
  93. T/F in order to understand another fiath you much believe its doctrines
  94. T/F The Talmud collects the wisdom of Hinduism
  95. T/F Judaisim, Christianity, and Islam all worship the same God.
  96. T/F Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all acknowldge the same prophets
  97. T/F Shinto is the dominant religion of Taiwan
  98. T/F There is no such thing as a Confucian church
  99. T/F an atheist is a skeptic
  100. T/F New Religions are concerned primarily with social order
  101. T/F Witchcraft is an ancient religion
  102. A prophet is a? Teacher, visionary, or messenger
  103. Tribal societies in Australia are typically
  104. Reincarnation is a belief of (3)
    Sikhism, Buddhism, and Hinduism
  105. Sikhism grew out of
    Islam and Hinduism
  106. Taoism teaches people to be
  107. All religions
    answer human questions
  108. Which religion did not originate in the Middle East?
  109. How do you minimize difference yet celebrate distinctions?
    Understanding and Knowledge
  110. T/F Gender is more complex than the description of genetailia
  111. sexist attitudes carried to violent extremes
    Rape and Assault
  112. seeks to put more women in policy making decisions in governemnt positions, business, relgion, and education
    Gender Movement
  113. equality of rights under law shall not be denied or abridged by the U.S. or by any state on account of sex - entire thing has not been ratified
    Equal rights Amendment
  114. seeks to give working parents the right to take time off from work to care for their childrent
    Parental Leave legislation
  115. can reinforce gender role sterotypes
  116. Lack of another person to participate with or participate because of someone else's drice
    Interpersonal Constraints
  117. Individual preference for an activity skill, can effect decision to participate
    Intrapersonal Constraints
  118. Factors intervene to infludence participation- time, money, transportation
    Structural Constraints
  119. anti-homosexual laws treat gay men and lesbians as criminals who said this
  120. U.S. Supreme court- states may criminalize sexual activity between consenting adults
    Bowers vs Hardwick
  121. when the perpetrator of a crime intentionally selects a victim because of who the victim is
    Hate Crime
  122. Founder Rig-Veda(Holy Scriptures) 4000 BC Belief: God sustains universe, Karma, Reincarnation, Eternal web of the Universe
  123. Mostly in Inda founded by Mahavara Beliefs: Karma, no meat, seek maksha(salvation) through self discipline, knowledge, fiath and right conduct
    Hindy Janism
  124. primarily in Eastern Asia- founder was Buddah(Prince) Belief desires trap us in the wheel of life (a cycle of rebirths) Nirvana is a state of complete peace and bliss in which one is free from the inability to fulfill desire - physical discipline, meditation, and universal brotherhood
  125. Global/ North America Founded by the Prophet Abraham, Moses, Elijah, and Isaiah Beliefs- Permanent covenant with God and his chosen people allows heaven to come to earth- Talmud and Torah, Rabbi, Synagog- foundation for judeo christian and islamic tradition
  126. Global Founder: Jesus roots in judaism Belief that Jesus is the Messiah- death and resurrection forgo original sin- Bible is the inspired word of God
  127. global, founder Muhammad (prohet-Quran) Belief- Only one God- Muhammad is his prophet Islam means submission to the will of God- Pray 5 times per day- avoid pork and alcohol- give to poor and make milgrimage to Mecca
  128. tribal societies of Africa, Australia, North and South America- founder vaires Belief that God is present everywhere - including natural objects- all creation can be used for good or bad Shaman are priests, prophets, and medicine people
  129. Asia and China Founder Confucious Belief in moral perfection- world harmondy through loyalty, respect, integrity, piety, righteousness, wisdom, benevolence, couragae- not a religion, Goodness is nature comes from heaven
  130. national religion of Japan- no founder- means way of Gods- honors many Gods, natural forces, ancestors, former emperors and national heros- over 100,000 shrines in Japan- promotes national loyalty
  131. India- Founder Nanak developed with coming of Islam Beliefs feature islam and hinduism- equality of humankind, salvation through bhakti(decotion) Worship Hari Reincarnation- Granth sacred book- wish to break cycle of rebirth and merge with god
  132. China- founder- Lao Tse(philosopher) Tao is the way peaceful, inactive ,quiet, Tao Te Ching(book of the way)
  133. combines taoism, buddhism, and confucianism
    chinese folk religion
  134. denial of knowledge about wheter or not there is a God- open to possibility God exists but no proof
  135. reject religion outright denial of God