philosophy chapter 5
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We mostly identify fallacies in ____ arguments?
Arguing a claim is true or false solely because of where it came from
Version of the genetic fallacy that attacks the person instead of her argument?
appeal to person (ad hominem)
Name the 3 varieties of the appeal to person or ad hominem fallacy.
- -speaker directly attacks her opponent's personal traits
- -speaker tries to discredit his opponent by citing circumstances
- -speaker trie to make her opponent seem like a hypocrite
Properties are invalidly transferred from parts to wholes.
fallacy of composition
Properties are invalidly transferred from wholes to parts.
fallacy of division
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