NUTR 108

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48401
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NUTR 108
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2010-11-09 06:22:31
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  1. A lacto-ovo vegetarian would eat all the following except:

    A) red meat
    B)cheese
    C) corn
    D) eggs
    A) red meat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The major role of vitamine E in the body seems to be to:

    A) pervent skin cancer
    B) act as an antioxidant
    C) aid in protein metabolism
    D) aid in formation of normal epithelial tissue
    B) act as an antioxidant
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. What happens when the diet is lacking an essential amino acid?

    A) a person's health will not be affected as long as carbohydrate and fat intake is adequate
    B) protein synthesis will be limited
    C) proteins will be made but they will be missing that particular amino acid
    D) the body will synthesize it
    B) protein synthesis will be limited
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The liver:

    A) stores bile
    B) churns food to chyme
    C) makes bile for storage in the gallbladder
    D) performs enzymatic digestion
    C) makes bile for storage in the gallbladder
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. an excess of intake of any energy nutrient can lead to weight gain/obesity.

    TRUE or FALSE
    TRUE
  6. The production of glucose from protein or fat is called

    A) glycolysis
    B) glyconeoglycolysis
    C) gluconeogenesis
    D) glucogenolysis
    C) gluconeogenesis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The principle carbohydrate in milk is:

    A) fructose
    B) lactose
    C) galactose
    D) sucrose
    B) lactose
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Linolenicand linoleic acids are found primarily in:

    A) vegetable and fish oils
    B) butter
    C) seeds
    D) none of the above
    A) vegetable and fish oils
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. which of the following are formed from the incomplete breakdown of fat when carbohydrate is not available?

    A) amino acids
    B) pyruvate
    C) ketones
    D) ammonia and urea
    C) ketones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Trace minerals are less important than the major minerals.

    TRUE or FALSE
    FALSE
  11. Minerals and water are organic and yield energy in the human body.

    TRUE or FALSE
    FALSE
  12. Water is involved in all of the followint except:

    A) regulation of body temperature
    B) conversion of lipids to amino acids
    C) lubricant around joints
    D) solvent for vitamins and minerals
    B) conversion of lipids to amino acids
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which of the following foods would make the greatest contribution to a person's intake of riboflavin?

    A) milk
    B) oatmeal
    C) oranges
    D) broccoli
    A) milk
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Among the followint, the best food sources for the water-soluble vitamins are:

    A) butter and vegetable oils
    B) oranges and cereals
    C) tuna and shrimp
    D) egg yolks and apples
    B) oranges and cereals
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Almost all (99%) of the calcium in the body is used for:

    A) regulate muscle contraction
    B) regulate the transmission of nerve impulses
    C) provide energy for cells
    D) provide rigidity for bones
    D) provide rigidity for bones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Some research suggests that diets high in protein promote _______ excretion.

    A) vitamin K
    B) vitamin C
    C) calcium
    D) iron
    C) calcium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The six diet planning principles include:

    A) adequacy, B vitamins, carbohydrates, meat, variety, protion control
    B) adequacy, balance, calorie control, moderation, variety, nutrient density
    C) abundance, B vitamins, calorie control, milk vetetables, nutrient density
    D) abundance balance, carbohydrates, moderation, vegetables, variety
    B) adequacy, balance, calorie control, moderation, variety, nutrient density
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which of the following fats predominates in the diet and in the body?

    A) phospholopids
    B) cholesterol
    C) triglycerides
    D) sterols
    C) triglycerides
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following is the gold standard for high biological protein?

    A) green vegetables
    B) citrus fruit
    C) cereal
    D) egg
    D) egg
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. meat, poultry and fish are excellent sources of carbohydrates.

    TRUE or FALSE
    FALSE
  21. One way to increase the basal metabolic rate is to maximize lean body tissue.

    TRUE or FALSE
    TRUE
  22. A person must have water in his diet because:

    A) fluid lost from the lungs and skin must be replaced
    B) kidneys exert no control over the amount of water excreted in the urine
    C) b and c
    D) kidneys must exctere a minimum amount of water as urine to rid the body of wastes
    C) b and c
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Zinc is most abundant in foods with high ____ content.

    A) protein
    B) fat
    C) alcohol
    D) carbohydrate
    A) protein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The normal pH of the stomach is:

    A) very basic
    B) very acidic
    C) very alkaline
    D) neutral
    B) very acidic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Fat functios in the body to:

    A) provide energy
    B) protect the body's vital organs from shock
    C) insulate the body against temperature extremes
    D) all of the above
    D) all of the above
  26. Nurrients that are digested in the small intestine are:

    A) protein, vitamins, and fiber
    B) carbohydrate, fat and protein
    C) water, fiber, and minerals
    D) fat, water, and fiber
    B) carbohydrate, fat and protein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Whenever glucose is available, the human brain depends on it as an energy source.

    TRUE or FALSE
    TRUE
  28. John loves to cook and wants to cut down on his fat intake. Which of the following would you recommend John to do when preparing foods?

    A) make more vegetarian dishes
    B) make stir-fry dishes wiht more beef and less vegetables
    C) trim the fat from pork and beef
    D) a and c
    D) a and c
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The mineral that is leasr likely to be deficient in anyone's diet is:

    A) sodium
    B) calcium
    C) iodine
    D) iron
    A) sodium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. After absorption, the larger fats and fat-soluable vitamins are released into this transport system first.

    A) excretory
    B) vascular
    C) lymphatic
    D) mesentery
    C) lymphatic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Protiens differ from the other energy nutrients because they contain:

    A) nitrogen
    B) carbon
    C) glycerol
    D) fatty acids
    A) nitrogen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. The liver is the body's major metabolic organ and prepares the absorbed nutrients for use by the rest of the body.

    TRUE or FALSE
    A) TRUE
  33. When carbohydrate consumption is in excess of body needs, the excess glucose is:

    A) not absorbed from the small intestine
    B) excreted in the feces
    C) excreted in the urine
    D) Stored as glycogen and fat
    D) stored as glycogen and fat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Protein is:

    A) important primarily because it builds stron bones and teeth
    B) unique in that it is the only dietary component which contains oxygen
    C) made up of combinations of about 20 amino acids
    D) made up of glycerol plus fatty acids
    C) made up of combinations of about 20 amino acids
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. An essential amino acid:

    A) can be made from glucose in the body
    B) can be made from fat in the body
    C) must be supplied by the diet
    D) is not necessary to the diet
    C) must be supplied by the diet
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Basal metabolic reat is lowered by:

    A) stress or fever
    B) increase in lean body mass
    C) severe infection
    D) loss of lean tissue
    D) loss of lean tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which of the following statements is true regarding nutririon information on foods?

    A) Food manufactureres held to strict standards, called standards of identity, are not required to list ingredients on their labels
    B) Raw fish and poultry must provide nutrition information on labels
    C) Nutrition information is required for the 20 most frequently eaten fresh fruits and vegetables
    D) plain coffee, tea, spices and other foods containing few nutrients are exempt from nutrition labeling requirements
    D) Plain coffee, tea, spices and other foods containing few nutrients are exempt from nutrition labeling requirements
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Three important monosaccharides in nutrition are:

    A) maltose, fructose, and lactose
    B) fructose, glucose, and galactose
    C) fructose, glucose, and sucrose
    D) glucose, lactose, and fructose
    B) fructose, glucose, and galactose
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Nutrient density refers to foods that:

    A)contain a mixture of carbohydrate, fat, and protein
    B) deliver the highest nutrient values per calories
    C) carry nutrient labeling information
    D) are iron-rich
    B) delover the highest nutrient values per calories
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Which of the folowing health claims linking nutrients and food constituents to disease states in not allowable under the FDA guidelines?

    A) calcium and osteoporosis
    B) dietary fat and cancer
    C) zinc and immune system response
    D) folate and neural tube defects
    C) zinc and immune system response
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. All of the following are considered to be complete proteins except:

    A) eggs
    B) mild
    C) fish
    D) grains
    D) grains
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. This enzume breaks down starch in the mouth:

    A) carbohydrace
    B) salivary amylase
    C) lipase
    D) gastric protease
    B) salivary amylase
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. The stomach empties into the:

    A) duodenum
    B) ileum
    C) jejunum
    D) colon
    A) duodenum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Food fiber contributes 4 calories per gram.

    TRUE or FALSE
    FALSE
  45. all of the following nutrients are organic except:

    A) carbohydrate
    B) minerals
    C) rotein
    D) fat
    B) minerals
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Worldwide, the most common mineral deficiency is:

    A) iron
    B) iodine
    C) selenium
    D) zinc
    A) iron
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. How many calories are provided in a food that contains 20g carbohydrate, 5g protein, and 8g of fat?

    A) 172
    B) 156
    C) 102
    D) 142
    A) 172

    20 grams X 4 (each carbohydrate is worth 4)=80
    5 grams x 4 (each protein is worth 4)=20
    8 grams x 9 (each fat is worth 9)=72
    80 + 20 + 72=172
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. The main function of carbohydrate in the body is to:

    A) synthesize fat
    B) insulate the body to prevent heat loss
    C) furnish the body with energy
    D) provide material for synthesizing cell walls
    C) furnish the body with energy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. current dietary guidelines regarding fat include all of the following except:

    A) saturated fats should contribute less than 10% of calories
    B) polyunsaturated fats should exceed 10% of calories
    C) an upper limit of 300 Milligrams of cholesterol daily
    D) total fat intake is not greater than 30% of calories
    B) polyunsaturated fats should exceed 10% of calories
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Thw new Dietary Reference Intakes comprise four sets of values including the RDA, Adequate Intakes Tolerable Upper Intake Levels, and Estimated Average Requirements?

    TRUE or FALSE
    TRUE
  51. Overconsumption of the fat-soluble vitamins results in:

    A) possible toxicity, due to an accumulation in the body
    B) weight gain due to increased fat intake
    C) accumulation, which aids in the prevention of colds and infections
    D) their excretion in feces and urine
    A) possible toxicity, due to an accumulation in the body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. The digestion of nutrient beging in the ______ans ends in the ________?

    A) stomach ; pancreas
    B) mouth ; small intestine
    C) colon ; small intestine
    D) pancreas ; small intestine
    B) mouth ; small intestine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. The protein RDA for adults is _______grams per kilogram of body weight?

    A)0.8
    B) 0.5
    C) 0.4
    D) 1.0
    A) 0.8
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. Fats present in the GI tract:

    A) stimulate digestion and absorption
    B) slow down the process of digestion and absorption
    C) are carriers of thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin
    D) cause difficulty in digestion
    B) slow down the process of digestion and absorption
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. Which of the folowing disaccharides is made incorrectly?

    A) glucose + galactose= lactose
    B) glucose + glucose=maltose
    C) glucose + fructose= sucrose
    D) glucose + glucose= galactose
    D) glucose + glucose = galactose
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. Which of the following becomes a major fuel for the body only when the other fuels are unavailabel?

    A) fat
    B) carbohydrate
    C) protein
    D) water
    C) protein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. The metabolic breakdown of glucose to pyuvate is called

    A) lipolysis
    B) metabolism
    C) glycolysis
    D) gluconeogenesis
    C) glycolysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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