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The essential to all life
What is energy?
The esssential to all life
In order to survive all living organisms must be able to?
- Produce Energy
- Store Energy
- Use Energy
One principle chemical compound that living things use to store energy?
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
What is ATP?
One of the principle chemical compounds that living things use to store energy.
What is the formula for photosynthesis?
What is a charged molecule?
When phosphates have a negative charge; as a result the repel each other.
The bonding of __________ requires ___________.
phosphates; large amounts of energy
- adenosine monophosphate
- one phosophate
- adenosine diphosphate
- two phosphate
When does energy from an ATP molecule become availble?
When a phosphate breaks off
Can ATP reform after being broken down into ADP?
Cellular proteins have a specific site where ATP can bind, which allows the cell to use energy for activites such as?
- Making Proteins
- Active cellular transport
What are three uses of cell energy?
- Maintaining Homeostasis
- Cell repair
- Building Molecules
What provides the body with the most energy?
What are enzymes?
Biological catalysts; proteins that speed up the rate of chemical reactions.
Enzymes help maintain what?
What is homeostasis?
A stable internal environment
The chemical reactions in organisms would not proceed at a rate sufficent for __________ if it were not for enzymes.
What do all chemical reactions need?
What is activation energy?
The energy needed to start a chemical reaction
Enzymes _____________the amount of activation energy needed to start a reaction.
By lowering the activation energy______.
reactions can occur quickly
What are the three factors that affect an enzyme's activity?
- pH level
- Enzyme and Substrate Concentration (the higher the concentration, the higher the speed)
Enzymes are specific which means?
They are involved in one action
What are common uses of enzymes in the home?
- Cleaning products
- Laundry detergents
What is a substrate?
A substance on which an enzymes acts upon during a chemical reaction.
How does a chemical reaction work? (List the three steps)
- A substrate dinds to the enzyme's active site; enzyme changes shape changes slightly
- Bonds loosen and activation energy decreases
- Product forms and the enzyme can help out another reaction