P.T.C. - Heavy Equipment Operations Trade Terms Quiz (Module 6)

The flashcards below were created by user Tibrious on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. 1. The point indicating where the fill slope stops and the road or shoulder grade begins is called the _____.
    Hinge point (HP)
  2. 2. A(n) _____ is a reading taken on a leveling rod to determine an unknown elevation; used in conjunction with backsight and instrument height.
  3. 3. Ground that forms a natural or artificial incline upward or downward is called a _____.
  4. 4. The area of the roadway between the shoulder and the ditch is called the _____.
  5. 5. A _____ is a reading taken on a leveling rod held at a known elevation, which is used to determine the height of the leveling instrument.
    Backsight (BS)
  6. 6. A _____ is the distance above or below sea level or other reference point.
  7. 7. _____ is the surface of a road, channel, or natural ground area.
  8. 8. A _____ is a lath set with markings to indicate the final grade at a certain point.
    Crows foot
  9. 9. The side view of a proposed construction project is called the _____.
  10. 10. _____ is any surface that has been cut or built to the elevation indicated for that point.
    Finished grade (FG)
  11. 11. _____ is the area between the ditch line and a backslope stake.
  12. 12. The proportion or relationship in quantity, amount, or size between two or more things is called the _____.
    Ratio (:)
  13. 13. Any type of marker that is used to mark cut, fill, and grade information, underground utilities, or survey points is called a(n) _____.
  14. 14. The system developed by the U.S. military to provide precise information for the movement of military vehicles, equipment, and personnel is called the _____.
    Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) system
  15. 15. The plotting and correcting of irregularities of the ground to a definite limit of grade and alignment is called _____.
    Grade work
  16. 16. The _____ is the uppermost level of material placed in embankment or left at cuts in the normal grading of a road bed.
  17. 17. The _____ is the point on stakes or drawings which indicates the halfway point between two sides.
    Center line
  18. 18. The description and delineation of natural and man-made features of an area are called _____ features.
  19. 19. _____ is the process in which a substance, such as soil, is slowly washed away by rain, wind, or other causes.
  20. 20. The original ground elevation before any excavation has been done is called _____.
    Natural Ground
  21. 21. A temporary point of known or assumed elevation from which surveyors can establish all their grades for a particular job is called _____.
    Temporary bench mark (TBM)
  22. 22. _____ is the line through the leveling instrument as viewed by the eye.
    Line of Sight
  23. 23. Manufactured or natural rock or soil that has a specific size characteristic is a(n) _____.
  24. 24. _____ is the vertical distance from the bench mark to the line of sight (also called backsight) of the instrument.
    Height of instrument (HI)
  25. 25. _____ are points-of-origin stakes that identify a point on the ground.
  26. 26. The longitudinal distance of a point of a roadway from the starting or reference point is called the _____.
    Station number
  27. 27. A permanent point of known or assumed elevation from which surveyors can establish their grades is called a _____.
    Bench mark (BM)
  28. 28. _____ is a stake from which measurements and grades are established.
    Reference stake (RS)
Card Set:
P.T.C. - Heavy Equipment Operations Trade Terms Quiz (Module 6)

Trade Terms Quiz Questions (and answers,) for the Heavy Equipment Operations program offered through Pennsylvania Training Consultants (P.T.C.) -Module (Chapter) 6
Show Answers: