chapter 11.txt

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harstanner
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48612
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chapter 11.txt
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2010-11-09 22:46:08
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Chapter Shannon
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Chapter 11 Shannon
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    • is responsible for moving the framework of the body
    • Muscular System
  1. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    ability to be stimulated
    Excitability (irritability)
  2. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    ability to contract, or shorten, and produce body movement
    Contractility
  3. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    ability to extend, or stretch, thereby allowing muscles to return to their resting length
    Extensibility
  4. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    Plasma membrane of muscle fibers
    Sarcolemma
  5. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    network of tubules and sacs found within muscle fibers
    T tubules
  6. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    network of tubules and sacs in muscle cells, similiar to endoplasmic reticulum of other cells
    Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
  7. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    numerous fine fibers packed close together in sarcoplasm
    Myofibrils
  8. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    contractile unit of muscle cells; length of a myofibril between two Z disks
    Sarcomere
  9. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    very rapid, providing energy during first minutes of maximal exercise, may occur when low levels of O2 is available, results in formation of lactic acid which requires oxygen to convert back to glucose
    Anaerobic Respiration
  10. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    occurs when adequate o2 is available from blood, slower than anaerobic respiration, thus supply energy for the long term rather than the short term
    Aerobic Respiration
  11. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    muscle fibers with high levels of myoglobin
    Red Fibers
  12. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    muscle fibers with little myoglobin
    White Fibers
  13. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    motor neurons connect to the sarcolemma at the motor endplate
    Neuromuscular Junction
  14. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    the neurotransmitter released into the synaptic cleft that diffuses across the gap, stimulates the receptors, and initiates an impulse in the sarcolemma
    Acetylcholine
  15. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    globular protein that forms two fibrous strands twisted around each other to form the bulk of the think filament
    Actin
  16. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    protein that blocks the active sites on the actin molecules
    Tropomyosin
  17. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    protein that holds tropomyosin molecules in place
    Troponin
  18. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    makes up almost all the thick filament, the "heads" are cheically attracted to actin molecules, "heads" are know as cross bridges when attached to actin
    Myosin
  19. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    attaches to both Z disks (Z lines) of a sarcomere and extend part way toward the center
    Thin Filaments
  20. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    do not attach to the Z disks
    Thick myosin filaments
  21. (Funcion of Skeletal Muscle Tissue)

    contraction produces waste heat that can be used to help maintain the set point body temperature
    Skeletal Muscle
  22. (Function of Skeletal Muscle Organs)

    motor neuron plus the muscle fibers to which it attaches
    Motor Unit
  23. (Function of Skeletal Muscle Organs)

    method of graphing the changing tension of a muscle as it contracts
    Myography
  24. (Function of Skeletal Muscle Organs)

    A quick jerk of a muscle that is produced as a result of a single, brief threshold stimulus(generally occurs only in experimental situations)
    Twitch Contractions
  25. (Function of Skeletal Muscle Organs)

    Nerve impulse travels to the sarcoplasmic reticulum to trigger release of Ca++
    Latent Phase
  26. (Function of Skeletal Muscle Organs)

    Ca++ binds to troponin and sliding of filaments occurs
    Contraction Phase
  27. (Function of Skeletal Muscle Organs)

    sliding of filaments cease
    Relaxation Phase
  28. (Function of Skeletal Muscle Organs)

    the staircase phenomenon, gradual, steplike increase in the strength of contraction that is seen in a series of twitch contractions that occur 1 second apart,
    Treppe
  29. (Function of Skeletal Muscle Organs)

    smooth, sustained contractions
    Tetanus
  30. (Function of Skeletal Muscle Organs)

    multiple twitch waves are added together to sustain muscle tension for a longer time
    Multiple Wave Summation
  31. (Function of Skeletal Muscle Organs)

    very short periods of relaxation occur between peaks of tension
    Incomplete Tetanus
  32. (Function of Skeletal Muscle Organs)

    the stimulation is such that twithc waves fuse into a single, sustained peak
    Complete Tetanus
  33. (Function of Skeletal Muscle Organs)

    continual, partial contraction of a muscle
    Tonic Contraction
  34. (Graded Strength Principle)

    Contraction in which the tone or tension within a muscle remain the same as the lenght of the muscle changes
    Isotonic Contraction
  35. (Graded Strength Principle)

    muscle shortens as it contracts
    Concentric
  36. (Graded Strength Principle)

    muscle lengthens while contracting
    Eccentric
  37. (Graded Strength Principle)

    the body tries to maintain constancy of muscle lenght in response to increased load
    Stretch Reflexes
  38. (Graded Strength Principle)

    means "same tension"
    Isotonic
  39. (Graded Strength Principle)

    Contraction in which muscle lenght remains the same while muscle tension increase
    Isometric Contraction
  40. (Graded Strength Principle)

    literally means "same length"
    Isometric
  41. (Function of Cardiac and Smooth Muscle Tissue)

    continuous, electrically coupled mass
    Syncytium

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