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A protocol in the TCP/IP suite used to resolve logical IP addresses to physical MAC addresses.
Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)
The Macintosh remote file-management protocol.
AppleTalk File Protocol (AFP)
A type of protocol that works in the upper layers of the OSI model to provide app to app interaction.
A special range of addresses that starts with 169.254 and is used by a computer when no DHCP server responds to a DHCP request.
Automatic Private IP Addressing (APIPA)
An IP addressing method in which address classes no longer dictate the part of an IP address designated as the network portion. A network admin can assign however many bits are appropriate to teh network design.
Classless Interdomain Routing (CIDR)
A TCP/IP protocl used to associate a computer's IP address with a name.
Domain Name System
A TCP/IP protocol that allows automatic IP address and subnet mask assignment.
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
A TCP/IP protocol used for file transfer and manipulation services.
File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
The protocol used to transfer Web pages from a Web server to a Web browser.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
A TCP/IP protocol used to send information and error messages.
Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP)
TCP/IP's primary network protocol; it provides addressing and routing information.
An updated version of IPv4 created to solve some problems inherent in that protocol, such as a somewhat limiting 32-bit address space, lack of built-in security, a sometimes complicated setup, and a lack of built-in Quality of Service.