MedCh. 12

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llinderl
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48756
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MedCh. 12
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2010-11-10 14:17:25
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HLHS 101: Ch. 12 Respiratory System
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  1. lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx; pharyngeal tonsils
    adenoids
  2. air sac in the lung
    alveolus (pl: aveoli)
  3. tip or uppermost portion of the lung
    apex of the lung
  4. lower portion of the lung; foundation
    base of the lung
  5. smallest branches of teh bronchi; terminal ones lead to alveolar ducts
    bronchioles
  6. branch of the trachea that is a passageway into the lung
    bronchus (pl: bronchi)
  7. gas produced by body cells when oxygen and food combine; exhaled through the lungs
    carbon dioxide (CO2)
  8. thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane epithelium lining the respiratory tract; clear bacteriea and foreign substances from the lung
    cilia
  9. muscle separating the chest and abdomen; contracts and relaxes to make breathing possible
    diaphragm
  10. lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx, preventing food from entering the larynx and trachea during swallowing
    epiglottis
  11. breathing out (exhalation)
    expiration
  12. slit-like opening to the larynx
    glottis
  13. midline region where the bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs
    hilum (of lung)
  14. breathing in (inhalation)
    inspiration
  15. voice box; containing the vocal cords
    larynx
  16. division of a lung
    lobe
  17. region between the lungs in the chest cavity; contains the trachea, heart, aorta, esophagus, and bronchial tubes
    mediastinum
  18. openings through the nose carrying air into the nasal cavitites
    nares
  19. gas that passes into the bloodstream at the lungs and travels to all body cells
    oxygen (O2)
  20. one of a pair of almond-shaped masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx
    palatine tonsil
  21. one of the air cavities in the bones near the nose
    paranasal sinus
  22. outer fold of pleura lying closer to the ribs and chest wall
    parietal pleura
  23. throat; including the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx
    pharynx
  24. double-folded membrane surrounding each lung
    pleura
  25. space between the folds of the pleura
    pleural cavity
  26. essentai parts of the lung, responsible for respiration; bronchioles and alveoli
    pulmonary parenchyma
  27. process of moving air into and out of the lungs; breathing
    respiration
  28. windpipe
    trachea
  29. inner fold of pleura lying closer to the lung tissue
    visceral pleura
  30. adenoid/o
    adenoids
  31. alveol/o
    alveolus, air sac
  32. bronch/o, bronchi/o
    bronchial tube, bronchus
  33. bronchiol/o
    bronchiole, small bronchus
  34. capn/o
    carbon dioxide
  35. coni/o
    dust
  36. cyan/o
    blue
  37. epiglott/o
    epiglottis
  38. laryng/o
    larynx, voice box
  39. lob/o
    lobe of the lung
  40. mediastin/o
    mediastinum
  41. nas/o
    nose
  42. orth/o
    straight, upright
  43. ox/o
    oxygen
  44. pector/o
    chest
  45. pharyng/o
    pharynx, throat
  46. phon/o
    voice
  47. phren/o
    diaphragm
  48. pleur/o
    pleura
  49. pneum/o, pneumon/o
    air, lung
  50. pulmon/o
    lung
  51. rhin/o
    nose
  52. sinus/o
    sinus, cavity
  53. spir/o
    breathing
  54. tel/o
    complete
  55. thorac/o
    chest
  56. tonsill/o
    tonsils
  57. trache/o
    trachea, windpipe
  58. -ema
    condition
  59. -osmia
    smell
  60. -pnea
    breathing
  61. -ptysis
    spitting
  62. -sphyxia
    pulse
  63. -thorax
    pleural cavity, chest
  64. listening to sounds within the body
    auscultation
  65. tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure
    percussion
  66. scratchy sound produced by pleural surfaces rubbing against each other
    pleural rub
  67. fine crackling sounds heard on auscultation (during inhalation) when there is fluid in the alveoli
    rales (crackles)
  68. loud rumbling sounds heard on auscultation of bronchi obstructed by sputum
    rhonchi (sing: rhonchus)
  69. material expelled from the bronchi, lungs, or upper respiratory tract by spitting
    sputum
  70. strained, high-pitched sound heard on inspiration caused by obstruction in the pharynx or larynx
    stridor
  71. continuous high-pitched whistling sounds produced during breathing
    wheezes
  72. acute viral infection of infants and children with obstruction of the larynx, barking cough, and stridor
    croup
  73. acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by the diphtheria bacterium
    diphtheria
  74. epistaxis
    nosebleed
  75. whooping cough; highly contagious bacterial infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea caused by Bordetella pertussis
    pertussis
  76. chronic bronchial inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction due to bronchial edema and constriction and increased mucus producation
    asthma
  77. chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to infection
    bronchiectasis
  78. inflammation of bronchi persisting over a long time; type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
    chronic bronchitis
  79. inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick mucous secretions in the respiratory tract that do not drain normally
    cystic fibrosis (CF)
  80. collapsed lung; incomplete expansion of alveoli
    atelectasis
  81. hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
    emphysema
  82. malignant tumor arising from the lungs and bronchi
    lung cancer
  83. abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs, with chronic inflammation, infection, and bronchitis
    pneumoconiosis
  84. acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction
    pneumonia
  85. large collection of pus (bacterial infection) in the lungs
    pulmonary abscess
  86. fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles
    pulmonary edema
  87. clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung
    pulmonary embolism (PE)
  88. formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lungs
    pulmonary fibrosis
  89. chronic inflammatory disease in which small nodules (granulomas) develop in lungs, lymph nodes, and other organs
    sarcoidosis
  90. infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis; lungs usually are involved, but any organ in the body may be affected
    tuberculosis (TB)
  91. rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura; caused by asbestos exposure
    mesothelioma
  92. abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space (cavity)
    pleural effusion
  93. inflammation of the pleura
    pleurisy (pleuritis)
  94. collection air in the pleural space
    pneumothorax
  95. coal dust accumulation in the lungs
    anthracosis
  96. asbestos particles accumulate in the lungs
    asbestosis
  97. rod-shaped bacteria (cause of tuberculosis)
    bacilli (sing: bacillus)
  98. chronic condition of persistent obstruction of air flow through bronchial tubes and lungs
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  99. failure of the right side of the heart to pump a sufficient amount of blood to the lungs because of underlying lung disease
    cor pulmonale
  100. fluid, cells, and other substances (pus) that filter from cells or capillaries ooze into lesions or areas of inflammation
    exudate
  101. collection of fluid in the pleural cavity
    hydrothorax
  102. collection of fluid or other material within the lung, as seen on a chest flim, CT scan, or other radiologic image
    infiltrate
  103. relieving symptoms, but not curing the disease
    palliative
  104. pertaining to a sudden occurrence, such as a spasm or seizure
    paroxysmal
  105. area of necrosis; death of lung tissue
    pulmonary infarction
  106. containig pus
    purulent
  107. disease due to silica or glass dust in the lungs; occurs in mining occupations
    silicosis
  108. radiographic image of the thoracic cavity (chest film)
    chest x-ray (CXR)
  109. computer-generated series of x-ray images show thoracic structures in cross section and other planes
    computer tomorography (CT) scan of the chest
  110. magnetic waves create detailed images of the chest in frontal, lateral, and cross-sectional (axial) planes
    magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the chest
  111. radioactive glucose is injected and images reveal metabolic activity in the lungs
    positron emission tomography (PET) scan of the lung
  112. detection device records radioactivity in the lung after injection of a radioisotope or inhalation of small amount of radioactive gas (xenon)
    ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) scan
  113. fiberoptic endoscope examination of the bronchial tubes
    bronchoscopy
  114. placement of a tube through the mouth into the pharynx, larynx, and trachea to establish an airway
    endotracheal intubation
  115. visual examination of the voice box
    laryngoscopy
  116. removal of lung tissue followed by microscopic examination
    lung biopsy
  117. endoscopic visual examination of the mediastinum
    mediastinoscopy
  118. tests that measure the ventilation mechanics of the lungs (airway function, lung volume, and capacity of the lungs to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide efficiently)
    pulmonary function tests (PFTs)
  119. surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space
    thoracentesis
  120. large surgical incision of the chest
    thoracotomy
  121. visual examination of the chest via small incisions and use of an endoscope
    thoracoscopy (thorascopy)
  122. surgical creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck
    tracheostomy
  123. determines past or present tuberculous infection based on a positive skin reaction
    tuberculin test
  124. chest tube is passed through an opening in the chest to continuously drain a pleural effusion
    tube thoracostomy

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