Respiratory and Urinary LP
Card Set Information
Respiratory and Urinary LP
Respiratory and Urinary Questions for Lab Practicum
What is the mediastinum?
The area underneath the sternum
What is the significance of the lung region know as the cardiac notch?
It's the part of the left lung that houses the heart
retrosternal fat pad
fat pad behind the sternum
What structure is contained within the pericardial sac?
What type of muscle tissue makes up the diaphragm?
What is the role of the diaphragm?
Main muscle of respirations
What is the function of the phrenic nerve?
Innervates the diaphragm
What does the thyrohyoid membrane's name indicate about its location?
It's between the thyroid bone and the thyroid cartilage.
What does the cricothyroid muscle's name indicate about its location?
It's between the thyroid cartilage and the cricoid.
What are the names of the three unpaired cartilages forming the larynx. Which is the largest?
Thyroid - largest
Of that specific type of cartilage do the tracheal rings consist?
What is the function of the epiglottis?
To prevent aspiration.
Where does the trachea line in relation to the esophagus?
Which principal bronchus (left or right) is more vertical?
Which principal bronchus (left or right) would be more likely to be the site of lodged food? Why?
Right, it's steeper.
Where is the carina located?
The junction of the left and right bronchus.
Above which large laryngeal cartilage is the hyoid bone located?
What is the name of the cartilage projecting just posterior to the hyoid bone?
What is the derivation of apex of left lung?
Point of lung
What is the function of the vocal ligament?
To produce sound
What is the derivation of the epiglottis?
Above the glottis (opening between vocal cords)
How many lobar (secondary) bronchi supply the left lung? How many subsections?
2 secondary bronchi
How many lobar (secondary) bronchi suppply the right lung? How many subsections?
3 secondary bronchi
What is the function of the tracheal rings?
So the trachea doesn't collapse on inspiration.
Into what portion of the pharynx does the mouth cavity empty?
In what pharyngeal region do the esophagus and trachea diverge?
What two structures does the auditory tube (Eustachian tube) connect?
Middle ear and nasopharynx
What is the name of the large blue vessel that runs vertically between the two kidneys?
Inferior vena cava
What are the names of the branches of the large blue vessel that lead from the kidneys?
Into what chamber of the heart does the inferior vena cava empty its contents?
What is the name of the branches of the abdominal aorta that lead to the kidneys?
Below the branch points to the kidneys, two arteries arise that leave the lateral sides of the aorta. These are the left and right:
Continuing inferiorly, another vessle arises from the medial portion of the abdominal aorta. This is the:
inferior mesenteric artery
At the inferior end of the abdominal aorta, it splits into the left and right:
Common iliac artery
What is the name of the whitish-yellow material surrounding each of the kidneys?
What type of connective tissue is renal fascia?
What is the anatomical location of the suprarenal glands?
Superior to the kidneys
What is the common name for the suprarenal glands?
Which of the two kidneys is at a superior position?
What is the name of the yellow material at the edge of each kidney?
The ureter functions to carry _____ from the kidney to the _______.
What type of epithelial tissue lines the lumen of the ureter, and what is its function?
to expand as urine passes through
What is the name of the outer edge of the kidney (whitish-pink border)?
The middle portion of the kidney is subdivided into:
Darker pink region ________
Whitish-pink areas between the darker pink regions __________
What are the large, hollow, concave region in the kidney were the renal pyramids and renal columns lie?
What is the name of the structures that directly collect urine from the renal pyramids?
Urine from a group of these narrow regions is then pooled into larger areas directly medial to them, they are the:
From the larger, medial regions urine is then collected in a structure that leads to the ureter, it's called:
What is the name of the tube leading from the urinary bladder out of the body?
Which vessel carries blood into the glomerulus?
What is the function of the glomerulus?
To filter blood
What is a nephron?
Function unit of the kidney
What is the name of the special group of cells that line the afferent arteriole and make physical contact with the walls of the distal convoluted tubule?
What is the name given to the group of cells of the walls of the distal convoluted tubule that are making contact with the juxtaglomerular cells of the afferent arteriole?
Macula densa cell
From what specific type of tissue are juxtaglomerular cells derived?
What important enzyme is released by juxtaglomerular cells?
Are juxtaglomerular cells appropriately named? Explain.
Yes, they lie next to the glomerulus
What is the literal meaning of