Ch. 15

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pshah43
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48795
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Ch. 15
Updated:
2010-11-10 18:12:55
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Urinary System
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Medical terminology CLC HIT 111
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  1. azotemia
    presence of excessive amounts of waste products of metabolism (nitrogen compounds) in the blood caused by failure of the kidneys to remove urea from the blood
  2. Bowman's capsule
    golmerular capsule
    cup-shaped end of a renal tubule containing a glomerulus
  3. calculus
    abnormal stone formed in the body tissues by an accumulation of mineral salts (stones)
  4. calyx
    cup-shaped division of the renal pelvis through which urine passes from the renal tubules
  5. cystometer
    insturment used to measure bladder capacity in relation to changing pressure
  6. cystoscope
    insturment used to view the interior of the bladder
  7. dialysate
    solution that contains water and electrolytes that passes through the artifical kidney to remove excess fluids and wastes from the blood
  8. dwell time
    lenght of time the dialysis solution stays in the peritoneal cavity during peritoneal dialysis
  9. fossa
    hollow or depression, espically on the surface of the end of a bone
  10. glomerular filtrate
    substances that filter out the blood through the thin walls of the glomeruli
  11. glomerulus
    ball-shaped collection of very tiny coiled and intertwined capillaries, located in the cortex of the kidney
  12. hydrostatic pressure
    pressure exereted by a liquid
  13. micturition
    act of eliminating urine from the bladder
  14. nephrolith
    renal calculus
    nephrolithiasis
    kidney stone
  15. pyelitis
    inflammation of the renal pelvis
  16. radiopaque
    not permitting the passage of X-rays or other radiant energy
  17. renal pelvis
    central collecting part of the kidney that narrows into the large upper end of the ureter
  18. renal tubule
    long, twisted tube that leads away from the glomerulus of the kidney to the collecting tubules
  19. solute
    substance dissolved in a solution, as in the waste products filtered out of the kidney into the urine
  20. specific gravity
    weight of a substance compared with an equal volume of water, considered to be the standard
  21. turbid
    cloudy
  22. uremia
    presence of excessive amounts of urea and other nitrogenous waste products in the blood
  23. urinary retention
    abnormal involuntary accumulation of urine in the bladder; inability to empty the bladder
  24. vesicocele
    cystocele
    herniation or downward protrusion of the urinary bladder through the wall of the vagina
  25. albuminuria
    presence in the urine of abnormally large quantities of protein, usually albumin
  26. dysuria
    painful urination
  27. enuresis
    condition of urinary incontinence, espically at night in bed; bed wetting
  28. lethargy
    state or quality of being indifferent, apathetic (without emtion) or sluggish
  29. nocturia
    nycturia
    urination, espcially excessive at night
  30. oliguria
    secretion of a dimiinshed amounts of urine in relation to the fluid intake; scanty urine output
  31. polydipsia
    excessive thirst
  32. pyuria
    presence of an excessive number of white blood cells in the urine, suually a sign of an infection of the urinary tract
  33. cystits
    inflammation of the urinary bladder
  34. glomerulonephritis
    inflammation of the glomerulus of the kidneys
  35. hydronephrosis
    distention of the pelvis and calyces of the kidney casued by urine that cannot flow past an obstruction in a ureter
  36. nephrotic syndrome
    group of clicnal symptoms occuring when damage to the glomerulus of the kidney is present and large quanitties of protein are lost through the glomerular membrane into the urine, resultin in severe proteinuria
  37. polycystic kidney disease
    hereditary disorder of the kidneys in which grapelike, fluid-filled sacs or cysts replace normal kidney tissue
  38. pyelonephritis
    bacterial infection of the renal pelvis of the kidney
  39. renal cell carcinoma
    malignant tumor of the kidney occurin in adulthood
  40. vesicoureteral reflux
    abnormal backflow (reflux) of urine from the bladder to the ureter
  41. Wilm's tumor
    malignant tumor of the kidney occurring predominately in childhood
  42. hemodialysis
    process of removing excess fluids and toxins from the blood by continually shunting the patient's blood from the body into a dialysis machine for filterig and then returning the clean blood to the patient's bloodstream
  43. creatinine clearance test
    diagnostic test for kidney function tha tmeasues the flitration rate of creatinine, a waste product (of muscle metabolism) normally removed by the kidney
  44. cystometrography
    examination to evalute bladder tone,; measuring bladder pressure during filling and voiding
  45. cystoscopy
    process of viewing the interior of the bladder, using a cystoscope
  46. extracorporeal lithotripsy
    extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy
    noninvasive mechanical procedure for using sound waves to break up a kidney stone so they can pass through the ureters
  47. intravenous pyelogram
    intravenous pyelography
    excretory urogram
    radiographic procedure provides visualiztion of the entire urinary tract: kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
  48. KUB (Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder)
    an X-ray of the lower abdomen that defines the size, shape, and location of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder
  49. renal angiography
    x-ray visualiztion of the internal anatomy of the renal blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium
  50. renal scan
    a procedure in which a radioactive isotrope (tracer) is injected intravenously, and the radioactivity over each kidney is measured as the tracer passes through the kidney
  51. retrograde pyelogram
    radiographic procedure in which small-caliber catheters are passed through a cystoscope into the ureters to visualize the ureters and the renal pelvis
  52. ultrasonography
    ultrasound
    procedure in which sound waves are transmitted into the body structures as a small transducer is passed over the patient's skin
  53. urinalysis
    physical, chemcial, or microscopic examination of urine
  54. voiding cystourethrography
    x-ray visualization of the bladder and urethra during the voiding process, after the bladder has been filled with a contrast material

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