Medical Terminology OFT 140

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Author:
r13wolf
ID:
48927
Filename:
Medical Terminology OFT 140
Updated:
2010-11-11 12:46:13
Tags:
Chapter Fifteen Urinary System
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Description:
Combining Forms; Anatomical Terms
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  1. Albumin/o
    protein
  2. Bacteri/o
    bacteria
  3. Cyst/o
    bladder or sac
  4. Vesic/o
    bladder or sac
  5. Dips/o
    thirst
  6. Glomerul/o
    glomerulus (little bag)
  7. Gluc/o
    sugar
  8. Glucos/o
    sugar
  9. Glyc/o
    sugar
  10. Ket/o
    ketone bodies
  11. Keton/o
    ketone bodies
  12. Lith/o
    stone
  13. Meat/o
    meatus (opening)
  14. Nephr/o
    kidney
  15. Ren/o
    kidney
  16. Pub/o
    pubic bone (lower front portion of hip bone)
  17. Pyel/o
    renal pelvis (basin)
  18. Py/o
    pus
  19. Ureter/o
    ureter
  20. Urethr/o
    urethra
  21. Ur/o
    urine
  22. Urin/o
    urine
  23. Kidneys
    (3 Parts)
    • two structures located on each side of the lumbar region
    • - filter blood, & secrete impurities, forming urine
    • - 3 parts: cortex, hilum, medulla
  24. Cortex
    • outer part of the kidney
    • - (cortex= bark)
  25. Hilum
    indented opening of the kidney where vessels enter & leave
  26. Medulla
    inner part of the kidney
  27. Calyces
    (Calices)
    • system of ducts
    • - carrys urine: from the nephrons to the renal pelvis
    • - (kalyx= cup of a flower)
  28. Nephron
    (3 Parts)
    • microscopic functional units of the kidney
    • - comprised of: kidney cells & capillaries (each capable of forming urine)
    • - 3 parts: glomerulus, Bowman's capsule, renal tubule
  29. Glomerulus
    • little ball-shaped cluster of capillaries
    • - located at the top of each nephron
  30. Bowman's Capsule
    top part of the nephron that encloses the glomerulus
  31. Renal Tubule
    stem portion of the nephron
  32. Ureter
    tube that carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder
  33. Renal Pelvis
    basin-like portion of the ureter within the kidney
  34. Ureteropelvic Junction
    point of connection between the renal pelvis & ureter
  35. Urethral Meatus
    opening in the urethra to the outside of the body
  36. Urea
    • waste product formed in the liver
    • - filtered out of the blood by the kidneys
    • - excreted in the urine
  37. Creatinine
    • waste product of muscle metabolism
    • - filtered out of the blood by the kidneys
    • - excreted in urine

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