Med Term cardio

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Med Term cardio
2010-11-11 13:38:25

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  1. PTCA
    Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty
    Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass
  3. CABG
    Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
  4. TMR
    Transmyocardial Revascularization
  5. CAD
    Coronary Artery Disease
  6. MI
    Myocardial Infarcation
  7. CHF
    Congestive Heart Failure
  8. Myocarditis
    Inflammation of heart muscle
  9. Raynaud Disease
    Idiopathic disease of perpiheal vascular system
  10. HTN
    Hypertension - Condition of high blood pressure
  11. PVD
    • Peripheral Vascular Disease
    • Vascular disease limited to extremeities
  12. Arteriosclerosis
    Arterial walls thicken, loose elasticity
  13. Atherosclerosis
    • form of arteriosclerosis
    • medium and large arteries have atheromas
    • obstruction of blood flow
  14. Aneurysm
    Dilation of artery caused by congential/acquired weakness of vessel wall
  15. Orthostatic Hypotension
    Low blood pressure when standing up
  16. Cardiac Tamponade
    Compression of heart caused by fluid in the pericardial sac
  17. Endocarditis/Epicarditis
    Inflammation of the endocardium/heart valves caused by lesions
  18. Pericarditis
    Inflammation of the sac surrounding the heart
  19. Angina Pectoris
    Paroxysmal chest pain, accompanied by SOB
  20. Syncope
    Fainting, loss of conciouness
  21. Orthopnea
    Must sit up, stand, to breathe
  22. Cyanosis
    Lack of O2 in the blood, blueish, greyish color
  23. Pulmonary Congestion
    Excessive amount of blood in the pulmonary vessels
  24. ASD
    Atrial Septum Defect
  25. VSD
    Ventrial Septum Defect
  26. PDA
    • Abnormal opening b/w pulmonary artery and aorta.
    • Caused by fetal ductus after birth
  27. Tetralogy Of Fallout
    • Congenital cardiac abnormality with 4 parts
    • Pulmonic Stenosis
    • Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
    • Malposition of Aorta
    • Right Ventricular Hypertrophy
  28. Echocardiography
    Use of ultrasonic waves directed throught heart to study structure and motion
  29. Electrocardiography
    Recording of the electrical impluses of heart on electrocardiograph
  30. Myocardial Perfusion Imaging
    Use of radionuclide to diagnose CAD, Heart Disease, Cardiomyopathy
  31. Cardiac Catherization
    Threading catheter unto the heart to collect diagnostic info
  32. Lipid Profile
    Blood test, to measure lipids in the blood
  33. Cardiac Enzyme Test
    Blood Test, that measures enzymes that are produces from Myocardial Infarction
  34. Cardiac Pacemaker
    Small battery operated device that helps heartbeat in regular rythem
  35. Cardiac Defibrillator
    Provides electrical shock to the heart to restore normal rhythm
  36. Tachycardia
    Rapid Heart Beat
  37. Bradycardia
    Slow Heart Beat
  38. Phelebitis
    Inflammation of veins
  39. Varicose Veins
    Elongated/dialted superficial veins w/ incompetent valves that allos reverse blood flow
  40. Thrombophlebitis
    Inflammation of deep veins/superficial veins
  41. Vasculitis
    Inflammation of the blood vessels
  42. Claudication
    Cramps on calves due to poor circulation
  43. Diastole
    Heart Relaxation
  44. Systole
    Heart Contractions
  45. Arrhythmia
    • Abnormal heartbeat rhythm
    • also called dysrhythmia
  46. Atrioventricular Block
    Blockage of heart due to lack of electrical communication
  47. Bundle Branch Block
    Incomplete electrical connection of bundle branches
  48. Fibrillation
    Etremely rapid and irregular contractions
  49. Flutter
    Extremely rapid but regular heartbeat
  50. Sick Sinus Syndrome
    Abnormality of the Sinus Node
  51. Aortic Stenosis
    Narrowing of the Aorta valve
  52. Mitral Regurgitation
    Backflow of blood from left ventricle to the left atrium
  53. Mitral Valve Prolapsed
    Profusion of cusps of mitral valve back into atrium
  54. Sinoatrial Node
    Natural pacemaker of the heart
  55. ECG/EKG
  56. Diaphoresis
    Profuse secretion of sweat
  57. Buit
    Abnormal sound when artery is ausculated
  58. Thrill
    Vibration felt on plapation
  59. Murmur
    Abnormal heart sounds
  60. Valvoplasty/Valvuloplasty
    Surgical repair of a valve