526 quiz 9

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cong10
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526 quiz 9
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2010-11-11 18:56:07
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526 quiz 9
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  1. double vision, the perception of two images of a single object
    diplopia
  2. inability to read, spell, and write words despite the ability to see and recognize letters
    dyslexia
  3. speech impairment caused by a lesion in the brain; characterized by lack of coordination and failure to arrange words properly
    dysphasia
  4. the preparation, study, and interpretation of an electromyogram, a graphic record of the contraction of a muscle as a result of electrical stimulation
    electromyography
  5. inflammation of the brain
    encephalitis
  6. hernial protrusion of brain substance through a congenital or traumatic opening of the skull; craniocele
    encephalocele
  7. softening of the brain
    encephalomalacia
  8. inflammation of the brain and meninges
    encephalomeningitis
  9. any disease of the brain
    encephalopathy
  10. a group of neurologic disorders characterized by recurrent episodes of convulsive seizures, sensory disturbances, loss of consciousness, or all of these. an uncontrolled electrical discharge from the nerve cells of the cerebral cortex is common to all types of these.
    epilepsy
  11. an abnormal condition of increased pressure within the eye
    glaucoma
  12. paralysis of one side of the body
    hemiplegia
  13. abnormally increased activity or motor function
    hyperkinesia
  14. farsightedness, an error of refraction in which the rays of light entering the eye are brought to a focus behind the retina
    hyperopia
  15. inflammation of the meninges
    meningitis
  16. herniation of the meninges through a defect in the skull or vertebral column
    meningocele
  17. a chronic disease of the central nervous system in which there is a progressive destruction of the myelin sheaths of the neurons. the resulting scar tissue interferes with the normal transmission of the nerve impulse
    multiple sclerosis
  18. a disease characterized by muscle weakness and abnormal fatigue
    myasthenia gravis
  19. inflammation of the bone marrow or spinal cord
    myelitis
  20. radiographic examination of the spinal cord by injection of a radiopaque medium
    myelography
  21. nearsightedness, a defect in vision in which the rays of light entering the eye are brought to a focus in front of the retina
    myopia
  22. a chronic ailment involving sudden attacks of sleep that occur at intervals
    narcolepsy
  23. pain along the course of a nerve
    neuralgia
  24. inflammation of a nerve
    neuritis
  25. any disease of the nerves
    neuropathy
  26. paralysis of the legs and lower part of the body
    paraplegia
  27. a chronic nervous disease characterized by a fine, slowly spreading tremor, muscular weakness, rigidity, and often peculiar gate
    parkinson's disease
  28. paralysis of all four extremities
    quadriplegia
  29. a separation of the retina from the back of the eye, usually resulting from a hole or tear in the retina
    retinal detachment
  30. any disease of the retina
    retinopathy
  31. an acute, infectious eruption of vesicles, usually on the trunk of the body along a peripheral nerve
    shingles
  32. means pertaining to the mind-body relationship or having physical symptoms of emotional origin
    • psycho-somat-ic
    • psych/o=mind
    • somat/o=body
    • -ic=pertaining to
  33. refers to any major mental disorder characterized by a gross impairment in reality testing and often characterized by inappropriate mood and diminished impulse control
    psychosis
  34. involves gross distortion of reality, disorganization and fragmentation of thought and emotional reaction, and withdrawal from social interaction
    schizo-phren-ia
  35. an impulse control disorder characterized by an uncontrollable urge to set fires
    • pyro-mania
    • pyr/o=fire
    • -mania=excessive preoccupation
  36. refers to a large category of psychiatric disorders in which the symptoms are distressing to the person, reality testing is within normal limits, behavior doesn't violate gross social norms, and there is no apparent cause
    neurosis
  37. a persistent, irrational, intense fear of something specific, such as fear of fire, an activity, meeting strangers, or leaving the familiar setting of home
    phobia
  38. an intense, irrational fear of open spaces, characterized by marked fear of being alone or of being in public places where escape would be difficult or help might be unavailable
    agora-phobia
  39. an eating disorder that's primarily seen in adolescent girls and is usually associated with emotional stress or conflict, such as anxiety, irritation, anger and fear; characterized by a prolonged refusal to eat, resulting in wasting, emotional disturbance concerning body image, and fear of becoming obese
    anorexia nervosa
  40. a nervous condition characterized by chronic weakness, fatigue and sometimes exhaustion
    • neur-asthenia
    • neur/o=nerve
    • -asthenia=weakness
  41. characterized by withdrawal and impaired development in social interaction and communication
    autism
  42. characterized by short attention span, poor communication and in some cases, hyperactivity
    • ADD
    • with hyperactivity... ADHD
  43. a progressive mental deterioration with several characteristics, including confusion, memory failure, disorientation, restlessness, and inability to carry out purposeful movement, the symptoms worsen with age
    alzheimer's disease
  44. any surgical opening into the skull
    craniotomy
  45. surgical repair of the skull after surgery or injury to the skull
    cranioplasty
  46. plastic surgery to repair a nerve or nerves
    neuroplasty
  47. has several meanings: (1) release of a nerve sheath by cutting it longitudinally; (2) operative braking up of adhesions surrounding a nerve; (3) relief of tension on a nerve; and (4) disintegration of nerve tissue
    • neuro-lysis
    • neur/o=nerve
    • -lysis=destruction
  48. agents that relieve pain without causing loss of consciousness
    analgesics
  49. drugs often used as sedatives to produce a calming effect
    hypnotics
  50. used to relieve or prevent convulsions
    anticonvulsants

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