Medical Terminology

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Author:
brianburke911
ID:
49017
Filename:
Medical Terminology
Updated:
2010-11-11 19:56:18
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Medical Terminology Respiratory System
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Medical Terminology Respiratory System
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  1. bronch/o
    bronchus
  2. bronchi/o
    bronchus
  3. bronchitis
    inflammation of the bronchus
  4. bronchiectasis
    dilation or expansion of the bronchus
  5. chondr/o
    cartilage
  6. chondroplasty
    surgical repair of the cartilage
  7. epiglott/o
    epiglottis
  8. epiglottal
    pertaining to the epiglottis
  9. laryng/o
    larynx
  10. laryngitis
    inflammation of the larynx
  11. nas/o
    nose
  12. rhin/o
    nose
  13. nasogastric
    pertaining to the nose and stomach
  14. rhinitis
    inflammation of the nose
  15. or/o
    mouth
  16. stomat/o
    mouth
  17. oral
    pertaining to the mouth
  18. stomatitis
    inflammation of the mouth
  19. ox/o
    oxygen
  20. anoxia
    condition of no oxygen
  21. pharyng/o
    pharynx
  22. pharyngeal
    pertaining to the pharynx
  23. pleur/o
    pleura
  24. pleurodynia
    pain in the pleura
  25. pneum/o
    lung, air
  26. pneumon/o
    lung, air
  27. pneumonia
    condition of the lung
  28. pneumonectomy
    surgical excision of the lung
  29. pulmon/o
    lung
  30. pulmonary
    pertaining to the lung
  31. sinus/o
    sinus
  32. sinusoid
    resembling a sinus
  33. thorac/o
    thorax
  34. thoracentesis
    surgical puncture of the thorax
  35. tonsill/o
    tonsil
  36. tonsillitis
    inflammation of the tonsils
  37. trache/o
    trachea
  38. aer/o
    air
  39. tracheotomy
    surgical incision into the trachea
  40. aerophagia
    swallowing air
  41. carcin/o
    cancer
  42. carcinoma
    cancerous tumor
  43. muc/o
    mucus
  44. mucoid
    resembling mucus
  45. orth/o
    straight
  46. orthopnea
    breathing in the straight (upright) position
  47. ABG's
    arterial blood gases
  48. ARDS
    acute respiratorydistress syndrome
  49. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  50. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  51. CO2
    carbon dioxide
  52. O2
    oxygen
  53. PND
    paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
  54. SARS
    sudden acute respiratory syndrome
  55. SOB
    short (or shortness) of breath
  56. stat
    immediately
  57. TB
    tuberculosis
  58. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  59. VC
    vital capacity
  60. acute respiratory distress syndrome
    hypoxemis and respiratory failure due to severe inflammatory damage to lungs; occurs after severe infection or trauma
  61. sudden acute repiratory syndrom
    viral respiratory illness marked by head and body aches, fever, cough; may lead to severe pneumonia
  62. asthma
    disease marked by episodic narrowing and inflammation of the airways resulting in wheezing, SOB, and cough
  63. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    group of diseases in which alveolar air sacs are destroyed and chronic severe SOB results; smoking is a major cause
  64. coryza
    the common cold
  65. crackles
    abnormal crackly lung sound heard whith a stethescope; sounds like "rice krispies"
  66. croup
    an acute viral disease, usually in children, marked by a barking "seal-like" cough and respiratory distress
  67. cystic fibrosis
    fatal genetic disease that causes frequent respiratory infections, and COPD in children
  68. empyema
    collection of infected fluid (pus) in the pleural cavity
  69. epistaxis
    a nosebleed
  70. hemothorax
    collection of blood or bloody fluid in the pleural cavity
  71. pleural effusion
    a collection of fluid in the pleural cavity
  72. pneumothorax
    collection of air in the pleural cavity
  73. rhonchi
    a coarse, gurgly sound heard in the lungs with a stethescope, caused by secretions in the air passages
  74. stridor
    a high-pithced upper airway sound heard without a stethescope; indicates airway obstruction-a medical emergency
  75. wheeze
    a somewhat musical sound heard in the lungs, usually with a stehtescope, caused by partial airway obstruction (such as with asthma)
  76. vital capacity (VC) test
    measurement of the volume of air that can be exhaled after maximum inspiration
  77. Pulmonary angiography test
    radiographic examination of pulmonary circulation after injection of contrast dye
  78. Arterial blood gas (ABG) test
    measures level of O2, CO2, and acid-base (pH) in arterial blood
  79. Pulse oximetry test
    indirect measure of arterial blood O2 saturation level, also known as the Spo2; the normal level in a person with healthy lungs is 97% to 99%
  80. sputum analysis
    examination of mucus or fluid coughed up from the lungs
  81. dys-
    painful, difficult
  82. eu-
    good, normal
  83. peri-
    near, surrounding
  84. tachy-
    rapid
  85. -al
    pertaining to
  86. -ary
    pertaining to
  87. -ic
    pertaining to
  88. -tic
    pertaining to
  89. -eal
    pertaining to
  90. -ous
    pertaining to
  91. -algia
    pain
  92. -dynia
    pain
  93. -centesis
    surgical puncture
  94. -ectomy
    excision, surgical removal
  95. -gen
    creating, producing
  96. -genesis
    creating, producing
  97. -ia
    condition
  98. -ism
    condition
  99. -itis
    inflammation
  100. -lysis
    destruction of
  101. -malacia
    softening
  102. -oid
    resembling
  103. -oma
    tumor
  104. -osis
    abnormal condition
  105. -oxia
    oxygen
  106. -pathy
    disease
  107. -pexy
    surgical fixation
  108. -phagia
    eating, swallowing
  109. -phobia
    fear
  110. -plegia
    paralysis
  111. -pnea
    breathing
  112. -scopy
    visual examination
  113. -stomy
    mouthlike opening
  114. -tome
    cutting instrument
  115. -tomy
    cutting into, incision

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