Latin

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cfharles
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49045
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Latin
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2010-12-03 03:09:45
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Latin Wheelock\'s introductory NCSU
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grammar and vocab from Wheelocks Intro to Latin
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  1. Chpt 1:
  2. Present Active Indicative
    • -o, -m; -mus
    • -s; -tis
    • -t; -nt
  3. Present Active Imperative
    --; -te
  4. debeo, debere, debui, debitum
    • to owe
    • [dept]
  5. amo, amare, amavi, amatum
    to love, like
  6. do, dare, dedi, datum
    • to give, offer
    • [data]
  7. cogito, cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatum
    • to think, ponder, consider, plan
    • [cognate]
  8. erro, errare, erravi, erratum
    • to wander, err, go astray, make a mistake
    • [error, erratic]
  9. saepe
    (adv)- often
  10. salve
    hello, greetings
  11. servo, servare, servavi, servatum
    • to preserve, save, guard, keep
    • [preserve]
  12. conservo, conservare, conservavi, conservatum
    • to conserve, maintain, preserve
    • [conservation]
  13. non
    (adv)- not
  14. si
    (conj)- if
  15. valeo, valere, valui, visum
    • to be strong, have power, be well
    • [prevail]
  16. nihil
    • (noun)- nothing
    • [annihilate]
  17. moneo, monere, monui, monitum
    • to remind, advise, warn
    • [monitor]
  18. salveo, salvere
    • to be well, in good health
    • [salvation]
  19. laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatum
    to praise
  20. terreo, terrere, terrui, territum
    • to frighten, terrify
    • [terror]
  21. vale
    goodbye, farwell
  22. video, videre, vidi, visum
    • to see, observe, understand
    • [review]
  23. voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatum
    • to call, summon
    • [vocation]
  24. me
    (pronoun)- me, myself
  25. quid
    (pronoun)- what
  26. amabo te
    (idium)- please
  27. Chpt 2:
  28. First Declension
    • -a; -ae
    • -ae; -arum
    • -ae; -is
    • -am; -as
    • -a; -is
    • -a; -ae

    1st Decl= Feminine
  29. fama, famae
    • (f)- rumor, report, fame, reputation
    • [famous]
  30. forma, formae
    • (f)- form, shape, beauty
    • [format]
  31. fortuna, fortunae
    • (f)- fortune, luck
    • [fortunate]
  32. ira, irae
    • (f)- anger
    • [irate]
  33. nauta, nautae
    • (m)- sailor
    • [nautical]
  34. patria, patriae
    • (f)- fatherland, native land, (one's) country
    • [expatriate]
  35. pecunia, pecuniae
    (f)- money
  36. philosophia, -ae
    • (f)- love of wisdom
    • [philosophy]
  37. poena, -ae
    • (f)- penalty, punishment
    • [penalize]
  38. poenas dare
    (idiom)- to pay the penalty
  39. poeta, -ae
    • (m)- poet
    • [poetry]
  40. porta, -ae
    • (f)- gate, entrance
    • [portal, porch]
  41. puella, -ae
    (f)- girl
  42. rosa, -ae
    (f)- rose
  43. sententia, -ae
    • (f)- thought, opinion, feeling, vote
    • [sentence]
  44. vita, -ae
    • (f)- life, mode of life
    • [vitals]
  45. antiqua, -ae
    • (adj)- ancient
    • [antique, antiquities]
  46. magna, -ae
    • (adj)- large, great, important
    • [magnificient]
  47. mea, -ae
    (adj)- my
  48. multa, -ae
    • (adj)- much, many
    • [mulitude]
  49. tua, -ae
    (adj)- your
  50. et
    (conj)- and, even
  51. sed
    (conj)- but
  52. sine
    (prep + abl)- without
  53. est
    is
  54. Chpt 3:
  55. second declension masculine
    • -us; -i
    • -i; -orum
    • -o; -is
    • -um; -os
    • -o; -is
    • -e*; -i

    2nd Decl= Masculine
  56. 2nd Decl "-er" masculines
    • --; -i
    • -i; -orum
    • -o; -is
    • -um; -os
    • -o; -is
    • --; -i

    2nd Decl= Masc
  57. ager, agri
    • (m)- field, farm
    • [agriculture]
  58. agricola, -ae
    (m)- farmer
  59. amica, -ae
    amicus, -i
    • (f)- friend
    • (m)- friend
    • [amicable]
  60. femina, -ae
    • (f)- woman
    • [feminine]
  61. filia, -ae
    • (f)- daughter
    • * dat & abl pl- filiabus
  62. filius, filii
    (m)- son
  63. numerus, -i
    • (m)- number
    • [numeral]
  64. populus, -i
    • (m)- the people, a people/nation
    • [population]
  65. puer, pueri
    (m)- boy, child; boys, children
  66. sapientia, -ae
    • (f)- wisdom
    • [savant]
  67. vir, viri
    • (m)- man, hero
    • [virtue]
  68. avarus, -i
    avara, -ae
    (adj)- greedy, avaricious
  69. pauci
    paucae
    (usually plural; adj)- few, a few
  70. Romanus
    Romana
    (adj)- Roman
  71. de
    • (prep + abl)- down from, from
    • (prefix)- down, away, aside, out, off
  72. in
    (prep + abl)- in, on
  73. hodie
    (adv)- today
  74. semper
    (adv)- always
  75. habeo, habere, habui, habitum
    • to have, hold, possess
    • [habit]
  76. satio, satiare, satiavi, satiatum
    to satisfy, sate
  77. Chpt 4:
  78. second declension- Neuters
    • -um; -a
    • -i; -orum
    • -o; -is
    • -um; -a
    • -o; -is
    • -um; -a

    2nd Declension= Neuter
  79. Declension & Agreement of Adj
    • (m); (f); (n)
    • -us; -a; -um
    • -i; -ae; -i
    • -o; -ae; -o
    • -um; -am; -um
    • -o; -a; -o
    • -e; -a; -um
    • --------------
    • -i; -ae; -a
    • -orum; -arum; -orum
    • -is; -is; -is
    • -os; -as; -a
    • -is; -is; -is
    • -i; -ae; -a
  80. present indicative of Esse
    • Sum; sumus
    • es; estis
    • est; sunt
  81. basium, -ii
    (n)- kiss
  82. bellum, -i
    (n)- war
  83. Consilium; -ii
    (n)- plan, purpose, advice
  84. cura, -ae
    (f)- care, attention, caution
  85. donum, -i
    • (n)- gift, present
    • [donation]
  86. exitium, -ii
    (n)- destruction, ruin
  87. magister, magistri
    magistra, magistrae
    • schoolmaster, teacher
    • [magistrate]
  88. mora, -ae
    • (f)- delay
    • [moratorium]
  89. oculus, -i
    (m)- eye
  90. officium, -ii
    • (n)- duty, service
    • [official]
  91. otium, -ii
    (n)- leisure, peace
  92. periculum, -i
    • (n)- danger, risk
    • [perilous]
  93. remedium, -ii
    (n)- cure, remedy
  94. bellus, -a, -um
    • (adj)- pretty, handsome, charming
    • [belle]
  95. bonus, -a, -um
    (adj)- good, kind
  96. humanus, -a, -um
    (adj)- humane, kind, refined; pertaining to man, human
  97. malus, -a, -um
    (adj)- bad, wicked, evil
  98. parvus, -a, -um
    (adj)- small, little
  99. stultus, -a, -um
    (adj)- foolish
  100. verus, -a, -um
    (adj)- true, real, proper
  101. iuvo, iuvare, iuvi, iutum
    to help, aid, assist
  102. sum, esse, fui, futurum
    • to be, exist
    • [essence]
  103. Chpt 5:
  104. first and second conj: Future Tense
    • -bo; -bimus
    • -bis; -bitis
    • -bit; -bunt
  105. first and second conj: Imperfect Tense
    • -bam; -bamus
    • -bas; -batis
    • -bat; -bant
  106. adulscentia, -ae
    • (f)- youth, young manhood; youthfulness
    • [adolescence]
  107. animus, -i
    (m)- soul, spirit, mind
  108. caelum, -i
    • (n)- sky, heaven
    • [celestial]
  109. culpa, -ae
    • (f)- fault, blame
    • [culpable]
  110. gloria, -ae
    (f)- glory, fame
  111. verbum, -i
    • (n)- word
    • [verbal]
  112. te
    (abl and acc sing)- you, yourself
  113. liber, libera, liberum
    • free
    • [liberty]
  114. noster, nostra, nostrum
    our, ours
  115. pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum
    beautiful, handsome, fine
  116. sanus, -a, -um
    • sound, healthy, sane
    • [sanity]
  117. igitur
    (conj)- therefore, consequently
  118. -ne
    (enclitic)- *added to indicate a question*
  119. propter
    (prep + acc)- on account of, because of
  120. cras
    • (adv)- tomorrow
    • [procrastinate]
  121. heri
    (adv)- yesterday
  122. quando
    (interrogative and relative adv and conj)- when
  123. si quando
    (idiom)- if ever
  124. satis
    • (indecl noun, adj, and adv)- enough, sufficient
    • [satisfy]
  125. tum
    (adv)- then, at that time
  126. ceno, cenare, cenavi, cenatum
    to dine
  127. culpo, culpare, culpavi, culpatum
    to blame
  128. remaneo, remanere, remansi, remansum
    to remain, stay, stay behind, abide, continue
  129. maneo, manere, mansi, mansum
    to remain, stay, stay behind, abide, continue
  130. supero, superare, superavi, superatum
    • to be above, have the upper hand, surpass
    • [superior]
  131. Chpt 6:
  132. future indicative of esse
    • ero; erimus
    • eris; eritis
    • erit; erunt
  133. imperfect indicative esse
    • eram; eramus
    • eras; eratis
    • erat; erant
  134. present indicative of Posse
    • possum; possumus
    • potes; potestis
    • potest; possunt
  135. future indicative of Posse
    • potero; poterimus
    • poteris; poteritis
    • poterit; poterunt
  136. imperfect indicative of Posse
    • poteram; poteramus
    • poteras; poteratis
    • poterat; poterant
  137. dea, -ae
    deus, -i
    • (f)- goddess
    • (m)- god
  138. discipula, -ae
    discipulus, -i
    student, learner, pupil
  139. insidae, -arum
    • (f pl)- ambush, plot, treachery
    • [insidious]
  140. liber, libri
    • (m)- book
    • [library]
  141. tyrannus, -i
    (m)- absolute ruler, tyrant
  142. vitium, -ii
    • (n)- fault, crime, vice
    • [vicious]
  143. graecus, -a, -um
    greek
  144. perpetuus, -a, -um
    perpetual, lasting, uninterupted, continous
  145. plenus, -a, -um
    full, abundant, generous
  146. salvus, -a, -um
    safe, sound
  147. secundus, -a, -um
    favorable, second
  148. vester, vestra, vestrum
    (plural tuus, -a, um)- your
  149. -que
    • (enclitic conj)- and
    • *always attatched to second of two words to be joined*
  150. ubi
    • (rel adv and conj)- where, when
    • (interrog adv and conj)- when?
    • [ubiquitous]
  151. ibi
    (adv)- there
  152. nunc
    (adv)- now, at present
  153. quare
    • (adv)- therefore, wherefore, why
    • *literally- because of which thing*
  154. possum, posse, potui
    to be able, can, could
  155. tolero, tolerare, toleravi, toleratum
    • to ear, endure
    • [tolerate]
  156. Chpt 7:
  157. Third Declension
    • (m/f); (n)
    • --; --
    • -is; -is
    • -i; -i
    • -em; --
    • -e; -e
    • ----------
    • -es; -a
    • -um; -um
    • -ibus; -ibus
    • -es; -a
    • -ibus; -ibus
  158. amor, amoris
    • (m)- love
    • [enamored]
  159. carmen, carminis
    • (n)- song, poem
    • [charm]
  160. civitas, civitatis
    (f)- state, citizenship
  161. corpus, corporis
    • (n)- body
    • [corpse]
  162. homo, hominis
    (m)- human being, man
  163. labor, laboris
    (m)- labor, work, toil
  164. littera, -ae
    litterae, -arum
    • (f)- a letter of the alphabet
    • (f pl)- a letter (epistle), literature
  165. mos, moris
    • (m)- habit, custom, manner
    • [morals]
  166. nomen, nominis
    (n)- name
  167. pax, pacis
    • (f)- peace
    • [pacifist]
  168. regina, -ae
    (f)- queen
  169. rex, regis
    • (m)- king
    • [regal]
  170. tempus, temporis
    (n)- time, occasion
  171. terra, -ae
    • (f)- earth, ground, land
    • [terrestrial]
  172. uxor, uxoris
    (f)- wife
  173. virgo, virginis
    (f)- maiden, virgin
  174. virtus, virtutis
    • manliness, courage, excellence
    • [virtue]
  175. novus, -a, -um
    • new, strange
    • [novel]
  176. post
    • (prep + acc)
    • after, behind
    • [posterior]
  177. sub
    • (prep + abl w/ verbs of rest)
    • (prep + acc w/ verbs of motion)
    • under, close to
  178. audeo, audere, ausus sum
    • to dare
    • [audacity]
  179. neco, necare, nacavi, necatum
    to murder, kill
  180. Chpt 8:
  181. 3rd conjugation
    present indicative active
    • -o; -imus
    • -is; -itis
    • -it; -unt
  182. 3rd conjugation
    future indicative active
    • -am; -emus
    • -es; -etis
    • -et; -ent
  183. 3rd conjugation
    imperfect indicative active
    • -ebam; -ebamus
    • -ebas; -ebatis
    • -ebat; -ebant
  184. 3rd conjugation
    present imperative active
    --; -ite
  185. cicero, ciceronis
    cicero
  186. copiae, -arum
    (f pl.)- supplies, troops, forces
  187. frater, fratris
    (m)- brother
  188. laus, laudis
    (f)- praise, glory, fame
  189. libertas, libertatis
    (f)- liberty
  190. ratio, rationis
    • (f)- reckoning, account, reason, judgement
    • [rationale]
  191. scriptor, scriptoris
    (m)- writer, author
  192. soror, sororis
    (f)- sister
  193. victoria, -ae
    (f)- victory
  194. dum
    (conj)- while, as long as, at the same time that
  195. ad
    • (prep + acc)
    • up to, near to
  196. ex or e
    • (prep +abl)- out of, from within, on account of
    • [exit]
  197. numquam
    (adv)-never
  198. tamen
    (adv)- nevertheless, still
  199. ago, agere, egi, actum
    • to drive, lead, do, act
    • [act]
  200. gratias agere + dat
    to thank someone
  201. demenstro, demonstrare, demonstravi, demonstratum
    • to point out, show
    • [demonstrate]
  202. disco, discere, didici
    to learn
  203. doceo, docere, docui, doctum
    • to teach
    • [indoctrinate]
  204. duco, ducere, duxi, ductum
    • to lead, consider, regard
    • [deduce, induce, produce]
  205. gero, gerere, gessi, gestum
    • to carry, carry on, manage, conduct, perfrom
    • [gesture]
  206. scribo, scribere, scripsi, scriptum
    • to write, compose
    • [scribe]
  207. traho, trahere, traxi, tractum
    • to draw, drag, derive, acquire
    • [attract]
  208. vinco, vincere, vici, victum
    • to conquer, overcome
    • [convince]
  209. Chpt 9:
  210. demonstratives- hic, haec, hoc
    • M; F; N
    • hic; haec; hoc
    • huius; huius; huius
    • huic; huic; huic
    • hunc; hanc; hoc
    • hoc; hac; hoc
    • -----------------
    • hi; hae; heac
    • horum; harum; horum
    • his; his; his
    • hos; has; haec
    • his; his; his

    hic- this (obj close to speaker)
  211. demonstrative- iste, ista, istud
    • M; F; N
    • iste; ista; istud
    • istius; istius; istius
    • isti; isti; isti
    • istum; istam; istud
    • isto; ista; isto
    • ------------------
    • isti; istae; ista
    • istorum; istarum; istorum
    • istis; istis; istis
    • istos; istas; ista
    • istis; istis; istis

    iste- those (near you)
  212. demonstrative- ille, illa, illud
    • M; F; N
    • ille; illa; illud
    • illius; illius; illius
    • illi; illi; illi
    • illum; illam; illud
    • illo; illa; illo
    • -----------------
    • illi; illae; illa
    • illorum; illarum; illorum
    • illis; illis; illis
    • illos; illas; illa
    • illis; illis; illis

    ille- that (over there)
  213. locus, -i
    (m)- place; passage in literature
  214. morbus, -i
    • (m)- disease, sickness
    • [morbid]
  215. studium, -ii
    • (n)- eagerness, zeal, pursuit, study
    • [studious]
  216. hic, haec, hoc
    this; the latter
  217. ille, illa, illud
    that (over there); the former
  218. iste, ista, istud
    that (near you); that of yours; such
  219. alius, -a, -ud
    • other, another
    • [alias]
  220. alii... alii
    some... others
  221. alter, altera, alterum
    • the other (of two), second
    • [alternate]
  222. neuter, neutra, neutrum
    • not either, neither
    • [neutrality]
  223. nullus, -a, -um
    • not any, no, none
    • [nullify]
  224. solus, -a, -um
    • alone, only, the only
    • [solitary]
  225. non solum... sed etiam
    not only... but also
  226. totus, -a, -um
    • whole, entire
    • [total]
  227. ullus, -a, -um
    any
  228. unus, -a, -um
    • one, single, alone
    • [unit]
  229. uter, utra, utrum
    either, which (of two)
  230. enim
    (postpositive conj)- for, in fact, truly
  231. in
    (prep + acc)- into, toward, against
  232. nimis or nimium
    (adv)- too, too much, excessively
  233. Chpt 10:
  234. 4th conjugation- present
    • -io; -imus
    • -is; -itis
    • -it; -iunt
  235. 4th conjugation- imperative
    -i; -ite
  236. 4th conjugation- imperfect
    • -iebam; -iebamus
    • -iebas; -iebatis
    • -iiebat; -iebant
  237. 4th conjugation- future
    • -iam; -iemus
    • -ies; -ietis
    • -iet; -ient
  238. amicitia, -ae
    (f)- friendship
  239. cupiditas, cupiditatis
    • (f)- desire, longing, passion
    • [cupid]
  240. hora,-ae
    (f)- hour, time
  241. natura, -ae
    (f)- nature
  242. senectus, senectutis
    (f)- old age
  243. timor, timoris
    • (m)- fear
    • [timid]
  244. veritas, veritatis
    • (f)- truth
    • [verify]
  245. via, -ae
    • (f)- way, road, street
    • [via]
  246. voluptas, voluptatis
    • (f)- pleasure
    • [voluptuous]
  247. beatus, -a, -um
    happy, fortunate, blessed
  248. quoniam
    (conj)- since, inasmuch as
  249. cum
    (prep + abl)- with
  250. com-, con-, cor-, col-, co-
    (prefix's)- with
  251. audio, audire, audivi, auditum
    to hear, listen to
  252. capio, capere, cepi, captum
    to take, capture, seize, get
  253. dico, dicere, dixi, dictum
    • to say, tell, speak
    • [dictate]
  254. facio, facere, feci, factum
    to make, do, accomplish
  255. fugio, fugere, fugi, fugiturum
    • to flee, hurry away, escape, avoid
    • [fugitive]
  256. venio, venire, veni, ventum
    to come
  257. invenio, invenire, inveni, inventum
    • to come upon, find
    • [invent]
  258. vivo, vivere, vixi, victum
    • to live
    • [survive]
  259. Chpt 11:
  260. 1st person personal pronoun- ego
    • singular; plural
    • ego (I), nos (we)
    • mei (of me); nostrum/nostri (of us)
    • mihi; nobis
    • me; nos
    • me; nobis
  261. 2nd person personal pronoun- tu
    • singular; pluaral
    • tu (you); vos (you)
    • tui; vestrum/vestri
    • tibi; vobis
    • te; vos
    • te; vobis
  262. third person/ demonstrative pronoun- is, ea, id
    • M; F; N
    • is; ea; id
    • eius; eius; eius
    • ei; ei; ei
    • eum; eam; id
    • eo; ea; eo
    • ---------------
    • ei/ii; eae; ea
    • eorum; earum; eorum
    • eis; eis; eis
    • eos; eas; ea
    • eis; eis; eis

    3rd person- he/she/it- they/they/they
  263. demonstrative- idem, eadem, idem
    • M; F; N
    • idem; eadem; idem
    • eiusdem; eiusdem; eiusdem
    • eidem; eidem; eidem
    • eundem; eandem; idem
    • eodem; eadem; eodem
    • ----------------------------
    • eidem; eaedem; eadem
    • eorundem; earundem; eorundem
    • eisdem; eisdem; eisdem
    • eosdem; easdem; eadem
    • eisdem; eisdem; eisdem

    Demonstrative- idem, eadem, idem- the Same
  264. caput, capitis
    • (n)- head, leader
    • [captain]
  265. consul, consulis
    (m)- consul
  266. nemo, nullius
    (m or f)- no one, nobody
  267. ego, mei
    I
  268. tu, tui
    you
  269. is, ea, id
    he, she, it; this, that
  270. idem, eadem, idem
    • the same
    • [identical]
  271. amicus, -a, -um
    friendly
  272. carus, -a, -um
    • dear
    • [caress]
  273. quod
    (conj)- because
  274. neque, nec
    (conj)- and not, nor
  275. neque... neque
    or
    nec... nec
    neither... nor
  276. autem
    (postpositive conj)- however, moreover
  277. bene
    (adv)- well, satisfactorily, quite
  278. etiam
    (adv)- even, also
  279. intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectum
    to understand
  280. mitto, mittere, misi, missum
    • to send, let go
    • [emit, submit]
  281. sentio, sentire, sensi, sensum
    to feel, perceive, think
  282. Chpt 12:
  283. perfect active indicative
    • -i; -imus
    • -isti; -istis
    • -it; erunt
  284. pluperfect active indicative
    • -eram; -eramus
    • -eras; -eratis
    • -erat; -erant
  285. future perfect active indicative
    • -ero; -erimus
    • -eris; -eritis
    • -erit; -erint
  286. perfect of esse
    • fui; fuimus
    • fuisti; fuistis
    • fuit; fuerunt
  287. pluperfect of esse
    • fueram; fueramus
    • fueras; fueratis
    • fuerat; fuerant
  288. future perfect of esse
    • fuero; fuerimus
    • fueris; fueritis
    • fuerit; fuerint
  289. perfect of posse
    • potui; potuimus
    • potuisti; potuistis
    • potuit; potuerunt
  290. pluperfect of posse
    • potueram; potueramus
    • potueras; potueratis
    • potuerat; potuerant
  291. future pefect of posse
    • potuero; potuerimus
    • potueris; potueritis
    • potuerit; potuerint
  292. adulescens, adulescentis
    (m, f)- young man, woman
  293. annus, -i
    • (m)- year
    • [annual]
  294. asia, -ae
    (f)- asia
  295. caesar, caesaris
    (m)- caesar
  296. mater, matris
    (f)- mother
  297. medicus, -i
    medica, -ae
    • (m, f)- doctor, physician
    • [medic]
  298. pater, patris
    (m)- father
  299. patentia, -ae
    • (f)- suffering, patience, endurance
    • [patient]
  300. principium, -ii
    • (n)- beginning
    • [principal]
  301. acerbus, -a, -um
    • harsh, bitter, grievous
    • [exacerbate]
  302. pro
    (prep + abl)- in front of, before, on behalf of, for
  303. diu
    (adv)- long, for a long time
  304. nuper
    (adv)- recently
  305. amitto, amittere, amisi, amissum
    to lose, let go
  306. cado, cadere, cecidi
    • to fall
    • [cascade]
  307. creo, creare, creavi, creatum
    to create
  308. Chpt 13:
  309. reflexive pronouns- 1st, 2nd, 3rd- mei, tui, sui
    • 1st; 2nd; 3rd
    • n/a; n/a; n/a
    • mei; tui; sui
    • mihi; tibi; sibi
    • me; te; se
    • me; te; se
    • ---------------
    • n/a; n/a; n/a
    • nostri; vestri; sui
    • nobis; vobis; sibi
    • nos; vos; se
    • nobis; vobis; se

    (myself, yourself, his/her/itself)
  310. reflexive possessives
    • 1st/2nd; 3rd
    • meus (my own)/ tuus (your own); suus, sua, suum
    • ...
    • noster (our own)/ vester (your own); sui, suae; sua
  311. intensive pronoun- ipse, ipsa, ipsum
    • (used to emphasize noun or pronoun)
    • M; F; N
    • ipse; ipsa; ipsum
    • ipsius; ipsius; ipsius
    • ipsi; ipsi; ipsi
    • ipsum; ipsam; ipsum
    • ipso; ipsa; ipso
    • -------------------
    • ipsi; ipsae; ipsa
    • ipsorum; ipsarum; ipsorum
    • ipsis; ipsis; ipsis
    • ipsos; ipsas; ipsa
    • ipsis; ipsis; ipsis
  312. divitiae, -arum
    (f pl)- riches, wealth
  313. factum, -i
    • (n)- deed, act, achievement
    • [feat]
  314. signum, -i
    • (n)- sign, signal, indication, seal
    • [insignia]
  315. ispse, ipsa, ipsum
    myself, yourself, himself/herself/itself
  316. quisque, quidque
    (indef pronoun)- each one, each person, each thing
  317. sui
    • (reflexive pron- 3rd person)- himself, herself, itself, themselves
    • [suicide]
  318. doctus, -a, -um
    • taught, learned, skilled
    • [doctrine]
  319. fortunatus, -a, -um
    lucky, fortunate, happy
  320. suus, -a, -um
    • (refl possessive adj- 3rd pers)-
    • his own, her own, its own; their own
  321. nam
    (conj)- for
  322. ante
    • (prep + acc)- before, in front of
    • [A.M.]
  323. per
    (prep + acc)- through
  324. dim
    (adv)- at that time, once
  325. alo, alere, alui, altum
    • to nourish
    • [aloe]
  326. diligo, diligere, dilexi, dilectum
    • to esteem, love
    • [diligence]
  327. iungo, iungere, iunxi, iunctum
    • to join
    • [junction]
  328. sto, stare, steti, statum
    • to stand, stand still, stand firm
    • [stature, statue]
  329. Chpt 14:
  330. i-stem nouns of 3rd dec
    • N
    • -e
    • -is
    • -i
    • -e
    • -i
    • -----
    • -ia
    • -ium
    • -ibus
    • -ia
    • -ibus
  331. vis (irregular) vs. vir
    • force; man
    • vis; vir
    • vis; viri
    • vi; viro
    • vim; virum
    • vi; viro
    • -------------
    • vires; vi
    • virium; vorum
    • viribus; vis
    • vires; vos
    • viribus; vis
  332. animal, animalis
    • (n)- a living creature
    • [animal]
  333. aque, -ae
    (f)- water
  334. ars, artis
    • (f)- skill
    • [artisan]
  335. auris, auris
    • (f)- ear
    • [auricle]
  336. civis, civis
    • (m, f)- citizen
    • [civilian]
  337. ius, iuris
    • (n)- right, justice, law
    • [jury]
  338. mare, maris
    • (n)- sea
    • [marine]
  339. mors, mortis
    (f)- death
  340. nubes, nubis
    (f)- cloud
  341. os, oris
    (n)- mouth
  342. pars, partis
    (f)- part, share
  343. Roma, -ae
    (f)- Rome
  344. turba, -ae
    • uproar, disturbance
    • [turbulence]
  345. urbs, urbis
    (f)- city
  346. vis, vis
    • (f)- force, power, violence
    • [violent]
  347. a- (before consonants)
    ab- (before vowels & cons)
    • (prep + abl)- away from, from, by
    • [absolve]
  348. trans
    • (prep + acc)- across
    • [transmit]
  349. appello, appellare, appellavi, appellatum
    to speak to, address
  350. curro, currere, cucurri, cursum
    to run, rush, move quickly
  351. muto, mutare, mutavi, mutatum
    • to change, alter
    • [mutate]
  352. teneo, tenere, tenui, tentum
    • to hold, keep, posses, restrain
    • [retain]
  353. vito, vitare, vitavi, vitatum
    to avoid, shun
  354. Chpt 15:
  355. Numerals: unus, una, unum
    • one
    • M; F; N
    • unus; una; unum
    • uni; unae; uni
    • uno; unae; uno
    • unum; unam; unum
    • uno; una; uno
  356. duo, duae, duo
    • two-
    • duo; duae; duo
    • duorum; duarum; duorum
    • duobus; duabus; duobus
    • duos; duas; duo
    • duobus; duabus; duobus
  357. tres, tria
    • three-
    • M/F; N
    • tres; tria
    • trium; trium
    • tribus; tribus
    • tres; tria
    • tribus; tribus
  358. mille, milia
    • thousand-
    • M/F; N
    • mille; milia
    • mille; milium
    • mille; milibus
    • mille; milia
    • mille; milibus
  359. quattuor
    four
  360. quinque
    five
  361. sex
    six
  362. septum
    seven
  363. octo
    eight
  364. novem
    nine
  365. decem
    ten
  366. undecim
    eleven
  367. duodecim
    twelve
  368. tredecim
    thirteen
  369. quattuordecim
    fourteen
  370. quindecim
    fifteen
  371. sedecim
    sixteen
  372. septendecim
    seventeen
  373. duodeviginti
    eighteen
  374. undeviginti
    nineteen
  375. viginti
    twenty
  376. primus, -a, -um
    first
  377. secundus, -a, -um
    second
  378. tertius, -a, -um
    third
  379. quartus, -a, -um
    fourth
  380. quintus, -a, -um
    fifth
  381. sextus, -a, -um
    sixth
  382. septimus, -a, -um
    seventh
  383. octavus, -a, -um
    eighth
  384. nonus, -a, -um
    ninth
  385. decimus, -a, -um
    tenth
  386. memoria, -ae
    (f)- memory
  387. tempestas, tempestatis
    (f)- period of time, season; weather, storm
  388. centum
    (indecl adj)- a hundred
  389. mille
    thousand
  390. miser, misera, miserum
    wretched, miserable
  391. itaque
    (adv)- and so, therefore
  392. committo, -mittere, -misi, -missum
    to entrust, commit
  393. expecto, expectare, expectavum, expectatum
    to look for, expect, await
  394. iacio, iacere, ieci, iactum
    to throw, hurl
  395. timeo, timere, timui
    to fear, be afraid of, be afraid
  396. Chpt 16:
  397. 3rd declension adjective endings:
    • M/F; N
    • --; --
    • -is; -i
    • -i; -i
    • -em; -em
    • -i; -i
    • --------------
    • -es; -ia
    • -ium; -ium
    • -ibus; -ibus
    • -es; -ia
    • -ibus; -ibus
  398. aetas, aetatis
    • (f)- period of life, age
    • [eternal]
  399. auditor, auditoris
    (m)- hearer, listener
  400. clementia, -ae
    • (f)- mildness, gentleness, mercy
    • [clemency]
  401. mens, mentis
    (f)- mind, thought, intention
  402. satura, -ae
    (f)- satire
  403. acer, acris, acre
    • sharp, keen, eager
    • [acrid]
  404. brevis, breve
    • short, small, brief
    • [brevity]
  405. celer, celeris, celere
    • swift, quick, rapid
    • [accelerate]
  406. difficilis, difficile
    • hard, difficult, troublesome
    • [difficulty]
  407. dulcis, dulce
    sweet, pleasant
  408. facilis, facile
    • easy, agreeable
    • [facilitate]
  409. fortis, forte
    • strong, brave
    • [fort]
  410. ingens, (gen) ingentis
    huge
  411. iucundus, -a, -um
    • pleasant, delightful, pleasing
    • [jocund]
  412. longus, -a, -um
    • long
    • [longitude]
  413. omnis, omne
    every, all
  414. potens, (gen) potentis
    senex, (gen) senis
  415. senex, (gen) senis
    • (adj + noun)- old, aged; old man
    • [senator]
  416. quam
    (adv)- how
  417. rego, regere, rexi, rectum
    • to rule, guide, direct
    • [regent, regime]
  418. Chpt 17:
  419. the relative pronoun
    • M; F; N
    • qui; quae; quod
    • cuius; cuius; cuius
    • cui; cui; cui
    • quem; quam; quod
    • quo; qua; quo
    • ------------------
    • qui; quae; quae
    • quorum; quarum; quorum
    • quibus; quibus; quibus
    • quos; quas; quae
    • quibus; quibus; quibus
  420. libellus, -i
    (m)- little book
  421. qui, quae, quod
    (rel pron)- who, which, what, that
  422. caecus, -a, -um
    blind
  423. levis, leve
    • light, easy, slight, trivial
    • [levity]
  424. aut
    (conj)- or
  425. aut... aut
    (conj)- either... or
  426. cito
    (adv)- quickly
  427. quoque
    (adv)- also, too
  428. admitto, -mittere, -misi, -missum
    • to admit, recieve, let in
    • [admition]
  429. coepi, coepisse, coeptum
    (defective verb used in the perfect system)- began
  430. cupio, cupere, cupivi, cupitum
    • to desire, wish, long for
    • [cupid]
  431. deleo, delere, delevi, deletum
    • to destroy, wipe out, erase
    • [delete]
  432. desidero, desiderare, desideravi, desideratum
    to desire, long for
  433. incipio, -cipere, -cepi, -ceptum
    • to begin
    • [inception]
  434. navigo, navigare, navigaui, navigatum
    • to sail, navigate
    • [navigation]
  435. neglego, neglegere, neglexi, neglectum
    • to neglect, disregard
    • [negligent]
  436. recito, recitare, recitaui, recitatum
    • to read aloud, recite
    • [recital]
  437. Chpt 18:
  438. first and second conjugation: present system passive voice
    • -r; -mur
    • -ris; -mini
    • -tur; -ntur
  439. flumen, fluminis
    (n)- river
  440. genus, generis
    • (n)- origin; kind, type, sort, class
    • [genus]
  441. hostis, hostis
    (m)- an enemy (of the state)
  442. hostes, -ium
    • the enemy
    • [hostile]
  443. ludus, -i
    (m)- game, sport, school
  444. probitas, probitatis
    (f)- uprightness, honesty
  445. scientia, -ae
    • (f)- knowledge
    • [scientific]
  446. clarus, -a, -um
    • clear, bright; renowned, famous, illustrious
    • [clarity]
  447. mortalis, mortale
    • mortal
    • [mortality]
  448. cur
    (adv)- why
  449. deinde
    (adv)- thereupon, next, then
  450. fluo, fluere, fluxi, fluxum
    • to flow
    • [fluid]
  451. lego, legere, legi, lectum
    • to pick out, choose
    • [elect]
  452. misceo, miscere, miscui, misxtum
    • to mix, stir up, disturb
    • [miscellaneous]
  453. moveo, movere, movi, motum
    • to move, arouse, affect
    • [mobile]
  454. videor, videri, visus sum
    (passive of video)- to be seen, seem, appear

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