Psychology Chapter 10-11
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Psychology Chapter 10-11
The force that moves people to behave, think and feel the way that they do.
The body's tendency to maintain an equilibrium or steady state.
An aroused state that occurs because of a physiological need
A deprivation that energies the drive to eliminate or reduce the deprivation
The hormone that helps start the digestion of food
Causes excess sugar in the blood to be stored in cells as fats and carbs. Cause hunger.
A protein that is released by fat cells, decreases food intake and energy expenditure
The weight maintained when no effort is made to gain or lose weight
The class of hormones that predominate in males;they are produced by the testes in males and by the adrenal glands in both males and females
The main class of female sex hormones, produced principally by the ovaries.
A theory of motivation that proposes that three basic organismic needs (competence, autonomy, and relatedness) characterize intrinsic motivation
Theory stating that emotion results for physiological states triggered by stimuli in the environment
Theory stating that emotion and physiological reaction occur simultaneously
Always seeks pleasure
Reality principle, brings pleasure within norms of society
Harshly judges morality of behavior
The ego's protective methods for anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality
The ego pushes unacceptable impulses out of awareness, back into the unconscious mind.
The ego replaces a less acceptable motive with a more acceptable one
The ego shifts feelings toward and unacceptable behavior to another, more acceptable object
The ego replaces an unacceptable impulse with a socially acceptable one
The ego attributes personal shortcomings, problems, and faults to others
The ego transforms an unacceptable motive into its opposite
The ego refuses to acknowledge anxiety-production realities
The ego seeks the security of an earlier developmental period in the face of stress
Views of personality that stress the person's capacity for personal growth, freedom to choose a destiny, and positive qualities
Views of personality as primarily unconscious and as developing in stages. Most psychoanalytic perspective emphasize that early experiences with parents play a role in sculpting personality
Type A behavior pattern
A cluster of characteristics such as being excessively competitive, hard-driven, impatient, and hostile-related to the incident of heart disease
Type B behavior patterns
A cluster of characteristics such as being relaxed and easy going-related to good health