medical terms .txt

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kellihurst
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49223
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medical terms .txt
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2010-11-13 02:01:46
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  1. cooperates with the circulatory system to provide oxygen for body cells and to expel waste carbon dioxide through breathing.
    respiratory system
  2. The drawing of air into the lungs is . It is also called in/halation.
    Inspiration
  3. Expelling air from the lungs, the act of breathing out or letting out ones breath,is expiration.This is the same as .
    Exhalation
  4. pretains to the lungs
    pulmon/ary
  5. The nose, nasal cavity,paranasal sinuses, pharynx, and larynx comprise the?
    Upper respiratory tract
  6. The trachea , bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, and lungs belong to the ?
    Lower respiratory tract
  7. -epiglott(o) epiglottis
    -laryng(o) larynx
    -nas(o),rhin(o) nose
    -palat(o) palate
    -pharyng(o) pharynx
    -sin(o), sinus(o) sinus
    Upper Respiratory tract
  8. -alveol(o) alveoli
    -bronch(o), bronchi(o) bronchi
    -bronchiol(o) bronchioles
    -lob(o) lobe
    -phren(o) diaphragm or mind
    -pleur(o) pleura
    -pneumon(o),pulm(o), pulmon(o)lungs
    Lower respiratory tract
  9. -action process
    -capnia carbon dioxide
    -pnea breathing
    -ptysis spitting
    Suffixes
  10. acid(o) acid
    alkal(o) alkaline;basic
    ox(i) oxygen
    phas(o) speech
    phon(o) voice
    spir(o) to breathe
    Word parts used to describe function
  11. Air firs enters the body through the?
    Nose
  12. Air then passes over the vocal cords in the larynx before reaching the trachea, also known as the windpipe. the trachea divides into two primary bronchi, which divide further into many . Oxygen and carbon dioxide are changed with the alveoli.
    bronchioles
  13. Literal interpretation of para/nasal sinuses means the air cavaites the nose
    Nose
  14. the hollow interior of the nose is seperated into right and left cavities by the
    Nasal septum
  15. means inside(within) the nose
    endonasal
  16. means behind the nose and means above the nose
    Retro/nasal and supra/nasal
  17. refers to the palate
    Palatine
  18. is a tubular passage that carries fluid(tears) from the eye to the nasal cavity.
    Nasolacrimal duct
  19. the lies behind the mouth
    oro/pharynx
  20. , formerly called the eustachian tube is a narrow chanel connecting the middle ear and the nasopharynx.
    auditory tube
  21. , also called vocal folds, are a pair of strong bands of elastic tussue with a mouthlike opening through which air passes, creating sound.
    vocal cords
  22. is composed of cartilage and covers the larynx during the swallowing of food.
    epiglottis
  23. refers to the apex, or the uppermost portion of the lung.
    Apical
  24. The depression where blood vessels enter and leave the lung is called?
    hilum
  25. surrounds the lungs
    visceral pleura
  26. lines the walls of thoracic cavity
    parietal pleura
  27. , which contains a thin film of pleural fluid that acts as a lubricant as the lungs expand and contract during respiration
    plueral cavity
  28. means below the lung.
    Sub/pulmonary
  29. the muscular partition that separates the thoratcic and abdominal cavities, contracts and increases the size of the thoracic cavity during inspiration
    Diaphragm
  30. radiology of the vessels?
    Pulmonary angio/graphy
  31. is a photo/eletric device for determining the oxygen saturation of the blood in a pulsating capillary bed.
    pulse oxi/meter
  32. Abnormal sounds can be heard when a stethoscope is used to evaluate the sound of air moving in and out of the lungs. this procedure is called .
    auscultation
  33. abnormally thick mucus secreted by the membranes of the respiratory passages.
    Phlegm
  34. is phlegm or other material that is coughed up from the lungs.
    Sputum
  35. absence of spontaneous breathing is?
    apnea
  36. is labored or difficult breathing
    Dys/pnea
  37. is a condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
    Asphyxia or asphyxiation
  38. abnormal low level of carbon dioxide in the blood
    Hyppo/capnia
  39. is decreased oxygen in the blood
    Hyp/ox/emia
  40. breathing difficult except in an upright position
    ortho/pnea
  41. abnormal breathing
    Eu/pnea
  42. is fast breathing
    Tachpnea
  43. breathing is shallow
    Hypo/pnea
  44. absense of formation or development.
    A/plasia
  45. is air or gas in the pleural cavity
    Pneumo/thorax
  46. is an accumulation of air and blood in the pleural cavity
    Pneumo/hemo/thorax
  47. inflammation of the pleura
    Pleur/itis
  48. in flammation of both the pleura and lungs.
    Pleuro/pneumon/ia
  49. is pain of the pleura.
    Pleuro/dynia
  50. is any disease of the lung caused by chronic inhalation of dust, usually mineral dust of either occupational or environmental origin.
    Pneumo/coni/osis
  51. is a chronic lung disease characterized by the deposit of coal dust in the lungs
    Anthrac/osis
  52. characterized by overinflation and destructive changes in alveolar walls, is probably the severe COPD.
    Emphysema
  53. is an inherited disorder of the exocrine glands that involoves the lungs,pancreas, and sweat glands.
    Cystic fibrosis
  54. is an abnormal condition characterized by the collapse of all or part of a lung.
    Atel/ectasis
  55. , surgical creation of an opening in the trachea, may be necessary in upper airway obstruction.
    Tracheo/stomy
  56. increased oxygen content of the blood
    Hyperoexemia
  57. using an artificial device to assist a patient to breathe is called
    Mechanical ventilation
  58. is surgical puncture of the chest wall and pleural space with a needle to aspirate fluid or to obtain a specimen for biopsy
    Thora/centesis
  59. a surgical incision in the chest
    is Pneum/ectomy
  60. is an excision of a single lobe
    Lob/ectomy
  61. is an incision made into the chest wall to provide an opening for a chest tube
    Thorao/stomy
  62. is plastic surgery of the nose
    Rhino/plasty
  63. plastic surgery of the palate
    Palato/plasty
  64. excision of the adenoids
    Adenoid/ectomy
  65. an is a treatment of the acts against neoplasm. these treatments are designed to kill or prevent the spread of cancer cells.
    Anti/neoplas/tic
  66. a physcian who specializes in evaluating and treating lung disorders.
    Pulmono/logist
  67. are medications that prevent or treat the sumptoms of asthma
    Anti/asthmatics
  68. against coughing
    Anti/tussive
  69. is a term that also means an agent that destroys or dissovles mucus
    Muco/lytic

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